He was also introduced to geography and astronomy, subjects that played an essential part in his career. Birthplace: Florence, Italy. Amerigo Vespucci was born and raised in Florence on the Italian Peninsula. In 1505, he was made a citizen of Castile by royal decree and in 1508, he was appointed to the newly created position of chief navigator for Spain's Casa de Contratación (House of Trade) in Seville, a post he held until his death in 1512. Includes the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa, Bible and more — all for only $19.99... A famous Italian navigator, born at Florence, 9 March, 1451; died at Seville, 22 February, 1512. The Americas take their name from the Latin form of "Amerigo." Amerigo did not go to elementary, middle, or high school. According to Vespucci: Concerning my return from those new regions which we found and explored...we may rightly call a new world. A map created in 1507 by Martin Waldseemüller was the first to depict this new continent with the name "America," a Latinized version of "Amerigo." Vespucci's findings have been lost but Capponi returned to Florence around this time and Berardi took over the Medici business in Seville. Felipe Fernández-Armesto (2007) calls the authenticity question "inconclusive", and hypothesizes that the first voyage was probably another version of the second; the third is unassailable, and the fourth is probably true.[47]. The voyage of 1501–02 is of fundamental importance in the history of geographic discovery in that Vespucci himself, and scholars as well, became convinced that the newly discovered lands were not part of Asia but a “New World.” In 1507 a humanist, Martin Waldseemüller, reprinted at Saint-Dié in Lorraine the “Quattuor Americi navigationes” (“Four Voyages of Amerigo”), preceded by a pamphlet of his own entitled “Cosmographiae introductio,” and he suggested that the newly discovered world be named “ab Americo Inventore…quasi Americi terram sive Americam” (“from Amerigo the discoverer…as if it were the land of Americus or America”). The question is fundamental for the evaluation of Vespucci’s work and has given rise to fierce controversy; attempts to reconcile the two series of documents cannot generally be considered successful. Facts about Amerigo Vespucci 9: Martin Waldseemuller. Vespucci's reputation as an explorer and presumed navigator had already reached Portugal, and he was hired by the king to serve as pilot under the command of Gonçalo Coelho. Some writers question the authorship and accuracy of the letter and consider it to be a forgery. Barardi invested half a million "maravedis" in Columbus's first voyage, and he won a potentially lucrative contract to provision Columbus's large second fleet. Name: Amerigo Vespucci [uh-mer-i-goh] [ve-spoo-chee] Birth/Death: March 9, 1454 - February 22… Amerigo "Rico" Vespucci, 71, of Port St. Lucie, Florida passed away January 4, 2019.Rico was born in Brooklyn, New York. Martin Waldseemuller was the man who printed the first map of the New World. Within a few years of the publication of his two letters, the European public became aware of the newly discovered continents of the Americas. Religion: Roman Catholic. There is evidence that a voyage was led by Coelho at about this time but no independent confirmation that Vespucci took part. [35], In April 1507, Ringmann and Waldseemüller published their Introduction to Cosmography with an accompanying world map. While in Spain, Vespucci was drawn to the excitement surrounding the growing interest in exploration. He requested to be buried in a Franciscan habit in his wife's family tomb. Amerigo Vespucci was educated by his uncle, Fra Giorgio Antonio Vespucci, a Dominican friar of the monastery of San Marco in … [44], Vespucci has been called "the most enigmatic and controversial figure in early American history. According to Humboldt, Vespucci (and Columbus) died in the belief that they had reached the eastern edge of Asia. [22], In 1503, Vespucci may have participated in a second expedition for the Portuguese crown, again exploring the east coast of Brazil. Amerigo Vespucci. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. A Florentine navigator and pilot major of Castile, Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512), for whom America is named, is no longer accused of having conspired to supplant Columbus; but interpretation of documents concerning his career remains controversial. On the upper part of the map, with the hemisphere comprising the Old World, appears the picture of Ptolemy; on the part of the map with the New World hemisphere is the picture of Vespucci. Before crossing the Atlantic they resupplied at Cape Verde where they encountered Cabral on his way home from his voyage to India. Very little is known about her; Vespucci's will refers to her as the daughter of Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba. After a halt at the Cape Verde Islands, the expedition traveled southwestward and reached the coast of Brazil toward Cape St. Augustine. They surmised that this was the "new world" or the "antipodes" hypothesized by classical writers. Any land that lay to the east of the line could be claimed by Portugal. Died: 22-Feb - 1512. [3] The family resided in the District of Santa Lucia d'Ognissanti along with other families of the Vespucci clan. [4] Amerigo's career path seemed less certain; instead of following his brothers to the university, he remained in Florence and was tutored by his uncle, Giorgio Antonio Vespucci, a Dominican friar in the monastery of San Marco. On returning, Vespucci entered the “bank” of Lorenzo and Giovanni di Pierfrancesco de’ Medici and gained the confidence of his employers. Author of. Amerigo Vespucci was born in about 1451 in Florence, Italy. The recent voyage of Columbusand others generated much interest in the nation as people wondered how man would reach the fabled Indies via a westward direction. A few days ago I wrote you at some length about my return from those new regions we searched for and found with the fleet, at the expense and by the command of the most serene King of Portugal, and which can properly be called a "New World", since our forebears had absolutely no knowledge of it, nor do any of those who are hearing about it today...On 7 August 1501,[b] we dropped our anchor off the shores of that new land, thanking God with solemn prayers and the celebration of the Mass. In the early 16th century, he showed that the New World was not part of Asia but was, in fact, its own distinct area. [9][10], Sometime after he settled in Seville, Vespucci married a Spanish woman, Maria Cerezo. 11358913, citing Chiesa di San Salvatore di Ognissanti, Florence, Città Metropolitana di Firenze, Toscana, Italy ; Maintained by Find A Grave . He dispatched Vespucci to investigate the situation and provide an assessment of a suggested replacement, Florentine merchant Gianotto Berardi. In a preface to the Letter, Ringmann wrote, I see no reason why anyone could properly disapprove of a name derived from that of Amerigo, the discoverer, a man of sagacious genius. A Florentine navigator and pilot major of Castile, Spain, Amerigo Vespucci, for whom America is named, played a major part in exploring the New World. After years of controversy, the authenticity of the three complete letters was convincingly demonstrated by Alberto Magnaghi in 1924. [26][27], From 1505 until his death in 1512, Vespucci remained in service to the Spanish crown. He was paid an annual salary of 50,000 "maravedis" with an extra 25,000 for expenses. In 1506, they obtained a French translation of the Soderini Letter as well as a Portuguese maritime map that detailed the coast of lands recently discovered in the western Atlantic. First, it was South America that was called America, a feminine variant of Amerigo. Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512) was a Florentine sailor, explorer, and trader. Rico was born in Brooklyn, New York. He was one of the more colorful characters of the early age of discovery in the Americas and captained one of the first journeys to the New World. In February, he was summoned by the king to consult on matters of navigation. [4][6], In 1488, Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco became dissatisfied with his Seville business agent, Tomasso Capponi. Vespucci had meanwhile succeeded Berardi on the latter’s death in 1495 and at some point he started to go adventuring himself. The Vespuccis were a prominent family and friends with the powerful Medicis, who ruled Italy for more than 300 years. He denied Vespucci's authorship of the 1503 "Mundus Novus" and the 1505 "Soderini Letter", the only two texts published during his lifetime. Turning south, he is believed to have discovered the mouth of the Amazon River and to have gone as far as Cape St. Augustine (latitude about 6° S). He also had to prepare the official map of newly discovered lands and of the routes to them (for the royal survey), interpreting and coordinating all data that the captains were obliged to furnish. Amerigo Vespucci (March 9, 1454–February 22, 1512) was an Italian explorer and cartographer. But the Spanish government did not welcome his proposals, and at the end of 1500 Vespucci went into the service of Portugal. By this point the name had been securely fixed on the New World. [6] In addition to managing Medici's trade in Seville, Berardi had his own business in African slavery and ship chandlery. [29], Upon his death, Vespucci's wife was awarded an annual pension of 10,000 "maravedis" to be deducted from the salary of the successor chief pilot. I Vespucci furono un'antica famiglia nobiliare di Firenze, originaria di Peretola. [4] In 1482, when his father died, Amerigo went to work for Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici, head of a junior branch of the Medici family. Vespucci, who had obtained Spanish citizenship, held this position until his death. It was decorated with prominent portraits of Ptolemy and Vespucci and, for the first time, the name America was applied to a map of the New World. His parents were able to provide him with a good education and were friends with Italy's ruling family, the Medici. On this date in the year 1454, Amerigo Vespucci, the Italian explorer and mapmaker for whom America is named, was born. Once there, we determined that the new land was not an island but a continent... Vespucci's voyages became widely known in Europe after two accounts attributed to him were published between 1503 and 1505. He was 57 years old; the cause of death remained unknown. Amerigo's grandfather, also named Amerigo Vespucci, served a total of 36 years as the chancellor of the Florentine government, known as the "Signoria"; and Nastagio also served in the "Signoria" and in other guild offices. A letter, written to Piero Soderini and published in 1504, purports to be an account by Vespucci of a voyage to the New World, leaving Spain on 10 May 1497 and returning in October 1498. [36], A thousand copies of the world map were printed with the title Universal Geography According to the Tradition of Ptolemy and the Contributions of Amerigo Vespucci and Others. Although Vespucci subsequently helped to prepare other expeditions, he never again joined one in person. Coelho left Cape Verde in June and from this point, Vespucci's account is the only surviving record of their explorations. From there Vespucci continued up the South American coast to the Gulf of Paria and along the shore of what is now Venezuela. [3][4] More importantly, the Vespuccis had good relations with Lorenzo de' Medici, the powerful de facto ruler of Florence. The king wanted to know the extent of this new discovery and determine where it lay in relation to the line established by the Treaty of Tordesillas. The evidence for Vespucci's voyages of exploration consists almost entirely of a handful of letters written by him or attributed to him. Instead, he was mostly educated by one of his uncles, Giorgio Antonio Vespucci, who was a monk. As soon as he was back in Spain, he equipped a fresh expedition with the aim of reaching the Indian Ocean, the Gulf of the Ganges (modern Bay of Bengal), and the island of Taprobane or Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). Born: 9-Mar -1454. Later, Bartolomé de las Casas argued that Vespucci was a liar and stole the credit that was due Columbus. Seville, Spain. Led by Walter Lud, the academy included Matthias Ringmann and Martin Waldseemüller. Luciano Formisiano (1992) also rejects the Magnaghi thesis (acknowledging that publishers probably tampered with Vespucci's writings) and declares all four voyages genuine, but differs from Arciniegas in details (particularly the first voyage). In February 1931, the ship Amerigo Vespucci was floated off from Napoli. For other uses, see. With Amerigo Vespucci, however, was the son of his brother Antonio, Giovanni, who was born on 6 March, 1486, and who was named piloto mayor in 1512, upon the death of his predecessor and uncle, Amerigo. Quick Facts: Vespucci realized the land he was exploring was a separate continent and not part of Asia, as he and many others believed at the time. He was the third son of Ser Nastagio (Anastasio), a Florentine notary, and Lisabetta Mini. [12], In 1515, Sebastian Cabot became one of the first to question Vespucci's accomplishments and express doubts about his 1497 voyage. [18], The armada left Spain on 18 May 1499 and stopped first in the Canary Islands before reaching South America somewhere near present-day Surinam or French Guiana. A suitable form would be Amerige, meaning Land of Amerigo, or America, since Europe and Asia have received women's names. [48], 15th and 16th-century Italian explorer, financier, navigator, and cartographer, This article is about the explorer. 5 other U.S. places named for … Their objective in Paris was to obtain French support for Florence's war with Naples. Amerigo Vespucci (March 9, 1454 to February 22, 1512) was born and grew up in Florence, Italy. That land would eventually become present-day Brazil. Two series of documents on his voyages are extant. In 1495, Berardi signed a contract with the crown to send 12 resupply ships to Hispaniola but then died unexpectedly in December without completing the terms of the contract. Samuel Morison (1974) flatly rejected the first voyage but was noncommittal about the two published letters. On the contrary, the king was likely interested in learning about the possibility of a western passage to India. For information concerning him, see Harrisse, "The Discovery of … Amerigo served first as a household manager and then gradually took on increasing responsibilities, handling various business dealings for the family both at home and abroad. Originally from Florence, he was born on March 9, 1454, son of Nastagio Vespucci, an important foreign exchange man, and Lisa di Giovanni Mini. Because our ancestors had no knowledge of them, and it will be a matter wholly new to all those who hear about them, for this transcends the view held by our ancients, inasmuch as most of them hold that there is no continent to the south beyond the equator, but only the sea which they named the Atlantic and if some of them did aver that a continent there was, they denied with abundant argument that it was a habitable land. He was educated by his uncle, Fra Giorgio Antionia Vespucci, who was a friar belonging to the Dominical Order in San Marco, Florence. Under Portuguese auspices Vespucci completed a second expedition, which set off from Lisbon on May 13, 1501. I… Afterwards he was left owing 140,000 "maravedis". As a young man, he was fascinated with books and maps. In 1492, he was sent to Spain to manage his employer's banking and investment interests. The claim inspired cartographer Martin Waldseemüller to recognize Vespucci's accomplishments in 1507 by applying the Latinized form America for the first time to a map showing the New World. By 1600 most regarded Vespucci as an impostor and not worthy of his honours and fame. [17] His role on the voyage is not clear. Amerigo Vespucci. Although Amerigo was ten years older, they had been schoolmates under the tutelage of Giorgio Antonio Vespucci. Later Vespucci was to collaborate, still with Berardi, in the preparation of a ship for Columbus’s second expedition and of others for his third. Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. The evidence relies almost entirely on a handful of letters attributed to him. The letter says 17 August 1501, although translators variously rendered it also as 7 August 1501, 10 August 1501, or 1 August 1501. sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFLester2009 (, Universal Geography According to the Tradition of Ptolemy and the Contributions of Amerigo Vespucci and Others, "The Waldseemüller Map: Charting the New World", "Account of His First Voyage 1497 (Letter to Pier Soderini, Gonfalonier of the Republic of Florence)", Internet Modern History Sourcebook-Fordham University (U.S.), TOPS Lecture at Library of Congress, Drs. [38], Many supporters of Columbus felt that Vespucci had stolen an honour that rightfully belonged to Columbus. Cause of death: unspecified. Some scholars have held Vespucci to be a usurper of the merits of others. Not much is known about his personal life other than the fact that he was married to a woman called Maria Cerezo. [12] Two of these letters were published during his lifetime and received widespread attention throughout Europe. Consequently, opinions also vary widely regarding the number of voyages undertaken, their routes, and Vespucci's roles and accomplishments. Amerigo's later writings demonstrated a familiarity with the work of the classic Greek cosmographers, Ptolemy and Strabo, and the more recent work of Florentine astronomer Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli. In any case, this expedition contributed no fresh knowledge. Vespucci thought he had sailed along the coast of the extreme easterly peninsula of Asia, where Ptolemy, the geographer, believed the market of Cattigara to be; so he looked for the tip of this peninsula, calling it Cape Cattigara. In the following years, other maps were printed that often incorporated the name America. Many historians have analysed these documents and have arrived at contradictory conclusions. [16], In 1499, Vespucci joined an expedition licensed by Spain and led by Alonso de Ojeda as fleet commander and Juan de la Cosa as chief navigator. His reputation as an explorer and navigator continued to grow and his recent service in Portugal did not seem to damage his standing with King Ferdinand. In 1503 or 1504 he claimed – or somebody using his name did – that in 1497 he had sailed to the mainland of the New World, before Columbus, and discovered Brazil. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Amerigo-Vespucci, The Mariners' Museum - Exploration through the Ages - Biography of Amerigo Vespucci, Amerigo Vespucci - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Amerigo Vespucci - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). They suggest that they were fabrications based in part on genuine Vespucci letters. At 23° S they found a bay which they named Rio de Janeiro because it was 1 January 1502. They passed two huge rivers (the Amazon and the Para) which poured freshwater 25 miles (40 km) out to sea. Between 1497 and 1504, Vespucci participated in at least two voyages of the Age of Discovery, first on behalf of Spain (1499–1500) and then for Portugal (1501–1502). But that this their opinion is false and utterly opposed to the truth...my last voyage has made manifest; for in those southern parts I have found a continent more densely peopled and abounding in animals than our Europe Asia or Africa, and, in addition, a climate milder and more delightful than in any other region known to us, as you shall learn in the following account. Opinions began to shift somewhat after 1857 when Brazilian historian Francisco Adolfo de Varnhagen wrote that everything in the Soderini Letter was true. Although historians still dispute the authorship and veracity of these accounts, at the time they were instrumental in raising awareness of the new discoveries and enhancing the reputation of Vespucci as an explorer and navigator. On 17 August 1501 they reached Brazil at a latitude of about 6° south. In the late summer, they decided to head north for the Spanish colony at Hispaniola to resupply and repair their ships before heading home. It is uncertain whether Vespucci took part in yet another expedition (1503–04) for the Portuguese government (it is said that he may have been with one under Gonzalo Coelho). On 22 February 1512, Amerigo Vespucci passed away at Seville. The Soderini Letter gave Vespucci credit for discovery of this new continent and implied that the Portuguese map was based on his explorations. Amerigo Vespucci, finally, is a rather embarrassing namesake, who, though a hero to some, is a villain to many, denounced as a charlatan or a fraud, a cuckoo who nested in Columbus’s rightful glory. [23] The only source for this last voyage is the Soderini Letter;[24] but several modern scholars dispute Vespucci's authorship of that letter and it is uncertain whether Vespucci undertook this trip. It is believed that he was the first to discover the mouth of the Amazon River. Vespucci and his backers financed two of the four ships in the small fleet. Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Amerigo Vespucci (9 Mar 1454–22 Feb 1512), Find a Grave Memorial no. Giorgio Antonio Vespucci, 71, of Port St. Lucie, Florida passed away January 4, 2019 arrived... Farther South amerigo vespucci death along the shore of what is now Venezuela including John Fiske and Henry Harrisse tomb. 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