The mean annual variability and trend of rainfall over Nigeria in the last six decades depicts several inter-annual fluctuations that have been responsible for dry and wet years or extreme climate events such as droughts and floods in many parts of the country. Several consultations from state representatives, academia, CSOs etc. It has been updated with new information. Photo: Daniel Aigbavboa, Edo State NEWMAP. Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 (coronavirus). Lagos is at “extreme” risk on Maplecroft’s Climate Change Vulnerability Index. Hotter and drier conditions would likely exacerbate floods, droughts and heat waves and hamper agricultural production, particularly rain-fed agriculture, which many Nigerians rely on for their livelihoods. Nigeria. The country is highly vulnerable to climate change and is classified as one of the ten most vulnerable countries in the world, according to the 2017 Climate Change Vulnerability Index. The truth is, people still know very little about the subject of climate change. The world is in a race to limit climate change and find workable, practical, and cost-efficient solutions to this emergency that is redefining global partnerships in a way not seen before. Energy: Climate change is expected to negatively impact the already limited electrical power supply in Nigeria, through impacts on hydroelectric and thermal generation (Ebele and Emodi, 2016). Goal 13: Climate action. Climate change in Africa is an increasingly serious threat for Africans as Africa is among the most vulnerable continents to climate change. Bangladesh The project is collaborating with respective ministries, departments and agencies in carrying out activities to ensure sustainability. Climate Change and Conflict in the Sahel: Findings from Lagos, Nigeria and Accra, Ghana; Climate Change and Conflict: Findings and Lessons Learned from Five Case Studies in Seven Countries; A Policy Brief on Findings from Lagos, Nigeria and Accra, Ghana; Impact Blog: West African Nations Unite to Build Coastal Resilience to Climate Change; Impact Blog: Acting on Climate, Reducing Poverty, Powering … Climate change opinion is the aggregate of public opinion held by the adult population. Climate change in Nigeria is evident from temperature increase, rainfall variability (increasing rainfall in coastal areas and decline in rainfall in the continental areas), drought, desertification, rising sea levels, erosions, floods, thunderstorms, lightings, bush fires, landslides, land degradation, and loss of biodiversity. There is no country that is not experiencing the drastic effects of climate change. How is this place experiencing climate change? The most common manifestations of climate change in Nigeria are changes in precipitation and temperature, with the latter reported to have been above normal since 1979 (Ojo 2008). UNDP is committed to supporting Nigeria on this course. Wither Nigeria in another 50 years? How is this place experiencing climate change? In 2012 alone, more than 6 million people in North-Eastern Nigeria were forcibly displaced due to floods and more than 500,000 people were displaced in Chad. Europe is underestimating the primary cause of migration from sub-saharan Africa: climate change. 9, 318 households are benefitting from livelihood enhancement activities such as gabion box welding, cement sales, block molding, aquaculture, tailoring, horticulture (plant nurseries, vegetable farming, planting of fruits etc. Maiduguri’s wood market. The city is also a major transportation hub, with multiple ports and a major international airport an… The survey finds that 74% of the sample remains concerned about climate change, which is the same level as last year, and 80% of respondents think we are already experiencing climate change impacts. California. President Buhari ratified the Paris Agreement, paving the way for a new era of action on climate change. 2,980 Project Affected Persons have been compensated. The basic idea is simple: That those became wealthy while [contributing to] climate change shall compensate those who did not and who [are experiencing the] worst effects. Historical; Projections; Climate by Sector. Speaking with … Cost constraints often restrict surveys to sample only one or two countries from each continent or focus on only one region. Recently, UNDP launched the NDC Global Outlook Report: The Heat Is On: Taking Stock of Global Climate Ambition and the UNDP Climate Promise to help 100 countries to step up their NDCs. Already climate-induced conflicts are exacerbating fragile security situations, with flashpoints mainly in the middle belt of the country. The Nigerian government on Tuesday said it is providing policies and initiatives aimed at implementing the Paris Agreement to address climate change and other environmental issues in the country. Five effects of climate change. It is important to note that 2018 was hotter than the preceding year; the trend is clear for all to see. Environmental changes have a ... Northern Nigeria, Chad, Niger and Mali are among the most affected countries. Almost 6% of Nigeria’s land mass is estimated to be severely degraded, at a time when population is increasing at … Nigeria, despite its middle-income status, the incidence of poverty is high compared to its neighbors, where almost four out of ten people live below the poverty line. The Nigerian government on Tuesday said it is providing policies and initiatives aimed at implementing the Paris Agreement to address climate change and other environmental issues in the country. Almost 6% of Nigeria’s land mass is estimated to be severely degraded, at a time when population is increasing at over 2% per year and numerous sectors depend on the integrity of land resources to deliver on key sector objectives. Lengthier displacements and movement across international borders are more likely when additional factors are at play. Climate change does not … Desertification, when fertile land becomes barren desert, affects as much as 60% of Nigeria’s land, exacerbated by drought and climate change. In its 2019 seasonal rainfall prediction, the Nigeria Meteorological Agency (NiMet) has said that this year will be another hot year. Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 (coronavirus). Environmental and Social Policies for Projects, Nigeria Erosion and Watershed Management Project (NEWMAP), Forest Carbon Partnership Facility in Nigeria, gully restoration, catchment management, and livelihoods, capacity building in key national and state institutions related to erosion and watershed management, climate change and alternative energy in rural areas. The Doha Amendment’s entry into force is a strong signal of a unified, multilateral commitment to address climate change,” said Patricia Espinosa, Executive Secretary, UN Climate Change. The Federal Republic of Nigeria is located in West Africa between the latitudes of 4-14° N and longitudes of 3-15° E and spanning an area of 923,768 km … These are evident in the increasing trends observed in the variability of climatic parameters (e.g. Current climate change measures have taken little heed of the scale and progression of the environmental changes we are experiencing. Data and research help us understand these challenges and set priorities, share knowledge of what works, and measure progress. The mean annual variability and trend of rainfall over Nigeria in the last six decades depicts several inter-annual fluctuations that have been responsible for dry and wet years or extreme climate events such as droughts and floods in many parts of the country. The Development Objective of the NEWMAP is to reduce vulnerability to soil erosion in targeted sub-watersheds. This demands engagement from government at national, state, local levels, community and non-state actors, policy makers, academia and private sector organizations that provide services in multiple areas which include road rehabilitation and waste management. The integrated approach is aimed at alleviating poverty, maintaining sustainable ecosystems and improving disaster risk management. That climate change is the biggest threat facing humanity today is no longer in doubt. Prof. Ben Ayade Cross river State Governor: (NEWMAP has built the resilience of Calabar, the CRS Capital to erosion and restored livelihoods to communities), “NEWMAP is one project, I got value for money. By providing technical, advisory, financial and global knowledge, the project supported the issuance of Africa’s First Sovereign Green Bonds:  In December 2017, Nigeria issued Africa’s first sovereign Green Bond with a capital value of US$30 million. Support for analytical studies underpinning NEWMAP’s operation in northern Nigeria include: US$ 61,683.25 TerrAfrica and US$ 235,781.69 German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ). Launched in 2015, NEWMAP — a World Bank project — has successfully restored gullies, along with catchment planning, soil and water conservation, as well as livelihood enhancement activities . New Orleans, Louisiana. NEWMAP is financed by IDA credit of US$500 million and based on demands from States to scale up intervention and the request of the Nigeria Government, IDA provided additional financing of US$400 million in 2018. This site uses cookies to optimize functionality and give you the best possible experience. And in places like central Nigeria and Karamoja, an area of land that straddles the border of Kenya and Uganda, where resource scarcity has been a long-standing challenge, climate change has further reduced pasture and water resources, increasing competition and resulting in violence, such as cattle raiding. Climate change, religion and ethnicity. People fleeing extreme weather events such as hurricanes, cyclones and floods, for example, tend to stay as close to home as possible and return when floodwaters have receded. In the important years ahead, three pillars: ambition, acceleration and mobilization will guide and shape our support. A man walks across arid land near Kaya, Burkina Faso. The partnership is bottom-up, you take decision with us, and you do not take decision for us”. by H.E. They range from education to inform and encourage behavioural change to changing location and use, preventing effects, modifying threats, and sharing loss. … The allocations include: US$ 900 million International Development Association funds, US$ 3.96 million grant from the Global Environment Facility and US$ 4.63 million grant from the Special Climate Change Fund. Nigeria News - President Buhari has given insights into the severe climate challenges confronting the country, saying “Nigeria is a neighbour to the Sahara Desert Global warming is causing long-lasting changes to our climate system, which threatens irreversible … At UNDP, we will remain steadfast and accompany the government and people of this great country on this path. This represents an important milestone in tackling the challenges of climate change. Anthropogenic climate change is already a reality in Africa, as it is elsewhere in the world.According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, The vulnerability of Africa to climate change is driven by a range of factors that include weak adaptive capacity, high … Nigeria has ratified the 2915 Paris Agreement. Project activities are a combination of civil engineering, vegetative land management, watershed protection measures, and community-led livelihood enhancements. The paper contains the climate change policy 2012–2014 where it recognizes the challenges of climate change for Lagos. China. More worrisome is the increasing knowledge that the country will be subject to consistent changes in rainfall and temperatures in the not-so-distant future. Most discussions about climate change and agriculture focus largely on crop production, with limited consideration for the rapidly growing livestock industries and associated supply chains., 2 3 This section discusses (1) how climate change is affecting and likely to affect the maize-poultry value chain in Nigeria and (2) how poultry farming and associated activities affect climate change. Heat waves, droughts, rising sea levels, and extreme storms disproportionately affect women. This is commendable considering it is one of the top six greenhouse gas emitters in Africa. Likewise, the Minister of Environment is the Chair of NEWMAP steering committee. The key outcome of this forum was the initiation of this National Action Plan on gender and climate change for Nigeria. The fight against Nigeria’s northeast terrorism is also a battle against climate change. Between 1970 and 1990, 90% of the lake disappeared, a tragic memory for many. This gallery was originally published in September 2016. The northern part of the country has been experiencing a reduction in rainfall and an increase in the rates of dryness and heat [18, 19], while the rainfall amounts have been increasing in the southern part with an irregular pattern [19, 20]. Colombia. Following close behind looms the existential threat of climate change. In the Sahel, the rich and the poor, the young and the old, people living in cities and rural communities are all experiencing the consequences of climate change directly. Livelihood restoration to project affected persons [1]. Food and Agriculture Organization provided technical services. The Federal Ministry of Environment has signaled its willingness to adopt the NEWMAP’s approach as the gold standard in addressing land degradation issues throughout the country. In order to minimize the negative impact of climate change on the ecosystems, water resources, socioeconomic domains, a number of adaptation measures are open to Nigeria. Desertification, when fertile land becomes barren desert, affects as much as 60% of Nigeria’s land, exacerbated by drought and climate change. How is this place experiencing climate change? The total International Development Association (IDA) credit allocation is US$ 900 million. How is this place responding to climate change? Nigeria News - President Buhari has given insights into the severe climate challenges confronting the country, saying “Nigeria is a neighbour to the Sahara Desert The warmth occurred in the absence of El Niño, which is usually a factor in extreme global warmth. have been made in respect to the development of this document and the duration for developing it spanned over 36 months owing partly to the adoption of … Climate Change Nigeria shows way to reverse land degradation. Greenhouse gas emissions are more than 50 percent higher than in 1990. The imperativeness of the president’s speech in front of the whole world leaves Nigeria with no other option than to lead the way. Goal 13: Climate action. They range from education to inform and encourage behavioural change to changing location and use, preventing effects, modifying threats, and sharing loss. [1] Project affected persons: anyone affected by land acquisition, relocation, or loss of incomes associated with project-changes in use of land. There are a few comprehensive reports and papers that provide useful evidence and discussion of the various impacts of climate change throughout Nigeria. to climate change. Storm Water Master Plan  developed for  Onitsha in  Anambra State, 13 improved erosion risk maps developed in Abia, Anambra, Cross River, Edo, Enugu, Ebonyi, , Akwa Ibom, Delta, Kogi, Plateau, Kano and Sokoto States. To learn more about cookies, click here. Moreover, climate projections for the … The UNDP-NDC Support Programme is already fully operational, with the clear target of increased engagement with government and the private sector. The president’s seven-point plans reiterates commitment to concrete actions towards the Paris Agreement goals. All of these will continue to negatively affect human life and the ecosystems in Nigeria. This is especially concerning because its population is expanding rapidly, and it is considered to be a major economic engine for the region. In support of Nigeria’s goals of achieving sustainable and inclusive socio-economic development, the project delivers solutions that reduces the vulnerability of people, infrastructure, assets, natural capital, and livelihoods to land degradation through preventing erosion, reclaiming valuable land and focusing on sustainable livelihoods to enhance resilience. A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north. By Daniel Essiet The Country Manager, HarvestPlus Nigeria, Dr Paul Ilona has warned that food inflation is going to persist as climate change continues to harm food production. After NEWMAP’s intervention, we are happy to be alive and still have a property to call my own”. Nigeria is exposed to extreme weather events, such as floods, droughts, sand storms and heat waves. According to the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the world must cut its carbon dioxide emissions to net zero by 2050 in order to prevent global warming of 1.5°C, or likely more, above pre-industrial levels. The country is highly vulnerable to climate change and is classified as one of the ten most vulnerable countries in the world, according to the 2017 Climate Change Vulnerability Index. Below, 18 countries affected by climate change, and the sights we stand to lose. This is a race we, as humanity, can win. NEWMAP has three main components: Despite challenging circumstances: including weak institutions; overlapping responsibilities; conflicting mandates; capacity gaps; and, challenging environmental factors (fragile soils, heavy rainfalls, high population density and rapid urbanization), the NEWMAP’s approach effectively delivered results. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Nigeria. Haiti. If fully implemented, these efforts will pave way for a low carbon economy and result in about 50 percent reduction in emissions. New Orleans, Louisiana. This prompted this study that took a general overview of climate change impacts in Nigeria. Some gullies in Nigeria were 100 metres deep and 20 to 30 metres … Erosion and Watershed Management Agency has been established in Enugu State by the Executive Governor. 5 This corresponds to 0.2–0.8 per cent of global investment flows, or just 0.06–0.21 per cent of projected global GDP, in 2030. President Buhari and submission to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Nigeria presented its INDC at the Conference of Parties (COP) 21 in Paris in December 2015. 55 sites specific designs are ready for implementation. Energy; Water; Agriculture; Health; Vulnerability; Impacts. America Needs to Lead on Climate Change America Needs to Lead on Climate Change Read full article Climate change, religion and ethnicity. That’s because women are more likely to live in poverty than men, have less access to basic human rights like the ability to freely move and acquire land, and … Chief Okon Etim said: “I have been residing here since 1983, the erosion ‎started and was unstoppable. In fact, la Niña was in place across the tropical Pacific from January–April, and it left an imprint on the region's temp… In December 2012 at the 18 th annual UN sponsored climate talks in Doha, Qatar 192 countries agreed to extend the mandate of the Kyoto Protocol for a second period of eight years. Climate change is a planetary phenomenon that will impact all countries, but its effects are being shaped by pervasive and entrenched gender inequality. Climate change By Daniel Essiet The Country Manager, HarvestPlus Nigeria, Dr Paul Ilona has warned that food inflation is going to persist as climate change continues to harm food production. According to the report, nearly half of the world, 75 nations representing 37 percent of emissions, are deeply committed to doing the right thing, right now. Nigeria has been significantly impacted by climate change in the last decade. While the Boko Haram insurgence keeps mutating, Nigeria is experiencing another dangerous chapter in its security challenge. Nigeria has a tropical climate with variable rainy and dry seasons, depending on location. Edo State gully erosion, Before and After. Find Out. How climate change is multiplying risks for displacement Global heating is compounding threats for people already living with conflict and insecurity, further driving displacement around the world. Currently an advocate for sensitization in practices that could lead to land-degradation”. Only 2015, 2016, and 2017 were warmer. Average physical progress within the 21 old sites is 92% with over 1,558.62 hectares of degraded land reclaimed. The ECOWAS Commission is facilitating the development of climate change projects in order to help in the establishment of a pool of national experts in Member States. Climate change in Africa is an increasingly serious threat for Africans as Africa is among the most vulnerable continents to climate change. gender in national response to climate change in Nigeria. There is no country that is not experiencing the drastic effects of climate change. To build up on this success, the European Investment Bank is planning to invest about US$ 200 million into NEWMAP to scale up investments and restore additional sites. Lower rainfall in the north, for example, reduces the availability of trees and biomass for fuel, which affects hydroelectric output (Ebele and Emodi, 2016; … Nigeria… President Mohammadu Buhari’s plan for tackling climate change as laid out at the UNGA at Climate Change Summit is timely, ambitious and essential. This article was originally published here. 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