His work on this has been upheld by subsequent research and his definition remains valid today. Chinese Wild Plant Resources. XIV Amaryllideae Brown. The position of the ovary varies by subfamily, the Agapanthoideae and Allioideae have superior ovaries, while the Amaryllidoideae have inferior ovaries. Members of the Amaryllidaceae family are known for their horticultural and ornamental appeal as well as for their medicinal properties . The lorate-leafed species of the type genus of Stenomesseae, Stemomesson, were transferred to a new tribe, Clinantheae as sister to Hymenocallideae in the Andean clade. Xian-hui Jia, Tong-shui Zhou, Ying Zheng and Han-qing Liu. Alpinia nutans is a cool-growing species of Alpinia which has several medicinal uses: to control hypertension, as a diuretic, antifungal or antiulcer.  The American clade also included an Andean clade, Further investigation of the American clade suggested the presence of two groups, the Andean clade and a further "Hippeastroid" clade, in which Griffineae was sister to the rest of the clade (Hippeastreae). The early 20th century was marked by increasing doubts about the placement of the alliaceous genera within Liliaceae. Crinum, an important bulbous geophyte is well known for its ornamental and therapeutic properties. Leaves were reported to be the most commonly used plant to treat TB as shown in Fig.  Fay and Chase's study lacked sufficient resolution for further elucidation of this group. Allieae, Agapantheae, and Gilliesieae were the three tribes within this subfamily. Applied Mechanics and Materials Vols. Vol. Plant members of this group are distributed through both tropical and subtropical regions of the world and are dominant in Andean South America, the Mediterranean basin, and southern Africa. 2. Scientific.Net is a registered brand of Trans Tech Publications Ltd Prasad Yarlagadda, Su-Fen Yang and Keon Myung Lee, https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.411-414.3223. (In Chinese). The Amaryllidaceae include many ornamental garden plants such as daffodils, snowdrops and snowflake, pot plants such as amaryllis and Clivia, and vegetables, such as onions, chives, leeks and garlic. The plant is said to have anticancer properties. In countries such as Japan, this plant is used as food preservative. 83–110, Chapter 2.  University. The American clade includes the Hippeastreae, Eustephieae and Zephyranthinae..  Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 2013, 23 (11) , 3277-3282. Allieae (Conspectus) pp. Although Charles Darwin's Origin of Species (1859) preceded Bentham and Hooker's publication, the latter project was commenced much earlier and Bentham was initially sceptical of Darwinism. Uses World-wide the Amaryllidaceae have greatest economic value as ornamentals. Similarly within the Andean clade Eustephieae appeared as sister to the remaining clade, including Hymenocallideae. The Clivia needs shade or a little dappled sun. 55–57, Names of families and subfamilies, tribes and subtribes p. 18.2, Esquisse. 750, Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae, Gilliesiaceae pp. This article summarizes 357 Amaryllidaceae alkaloids, and cites 166 174 references over the last three decades. Vol. Heilongjiang Medicine Journal. 1(2012), pp.22-24. The leaves are simple rather fleshy and two-ranked with parallel veins. , The number of known genera within these families continued to grow, and by the time of the Bentham and Hooker classification (1883), the Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllideae) were divided into four tribes, of which only one (Amarylleae) is still included. The narrow, stiffer, often upturned leaves of C.mauritianum are relatively unique and can be used to distinguish it from the introduced species of Crinum. August Eichler (1886) was the first phyletic taxonomist and positioned the Amaryllidaceae and Liliaceae within the Liliiflorae, one of the seven orders of monocotyledons. The plant family Amaryllidaceae has a long history in the traditional medicinal system and used to treat diverse diseases. This circumscription differs from the phylogenetic descriptions of Meerow and colleagues in several respects. The aim of this paper was to review published ethnobotanical and ethnopharmacological evidences of Moroccan plants with antidiabetic potentials. Nan-nan Ma, Ning CHEN, Yu-bin JI. The medicinal value of Amaryllidaceae plants attracts much attention nowadays by By discovery the pharmaco-activity of alkaloid series within plants etc. Whilst the plant family Amaryllidaceae is conventionally associated with cancer and motor-neuron disease therapies, this survey shows that it has a significant presence in the remediation of infections and infection-related ailments. , The Angiosperm Phylogeny Website lists 73 genera and 1,605 species within Amaryllidaceae s.l., while The Plant List (2013) gives 80 genera and 2,258 species. 3, Part 2. St.-Hil. 12(2001), pp.573-574. Lycoris radiata, Crinum asiaticum L. Kafir Lily, Curculigo orchioides gaertn. Chinese indigenous medicine Publish. Lycoris radiata, Crinum asiaticum L. Kafir Lily, Curculigo orchioides gaertn. The Clivia miniata has medicinal uses.  RAther Amaryllidaceae resolved along biogeographical lines. The bulb can be made into a plaster and is then applied to burns and scalds. Species of Amaryllidaceae contained within The Plant List belong to 79 plant genera. Bao-xiang Huang, Shu-gen Fu, Pei-lin Zhu and Xiao-mei Deng. (In Chinese). (In Chinese). Present taxonomic confusion in this genus and numerous medicinal uses of A. praecox necessitate its proper identification. 155–158; Liliaceae p. 200, Vol. The Amaryllidaceae are a family of herbaceous, mainly perennial and bulbous (rarely rhizomatous) flowering plants in the monocot order Asparagales. Hexandria monogynia has come to be treated as either liliaceous or amaryllidaceaous (see Taxonomy of Liliaceae) over time.  Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil., Expos. The present paper reviews the research on the medicinal value of Amaryllidaceae plants. This paper mainly discourses the mecicinal value on the pharmaco-activity of Amaryllidaceae plants.  of his scheme, in which the Liliaceae had eight sections. Retrieved 26 January 2015.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) see also Species Plantarum is a highly valued medicinal plant of family Amaryllidaceae. Most genera grow from bulbs, but a few such as Agapanthus, Clivia and Scadoxus develop from rhizomes (underground stems).. Agapanthus praecox subsp. II p. 190–193; Liliaceae p. 173, CCXXXVIII Amaryllideae The Narcissus Tribe pp. Fam. Nevertheless, the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG) classification (1998) still considered these three separate families within Asparagales. They relocated Agapanthus within Amaryllidaceae which they considered a sister group to Amaryllidaceae. Yu YANG: Studies On The Chemical Constituents And Biological Activities Of Lycoris Aurea and Bidens Pilosa( Master Thesis of Academy Of Military Medical Sciences, China 2005). P. 300-302. , The Eurasian clade was also further resolved (for historical treatment, see Table I Meerow et al.  was accompanied by a listing of accepted subfamily and tribal names, since the change in rank from family to subfamily necessitated a revision of other lower ranks, as follows:. Vol. Edibility Rating (2 of 5) Other Uses (0 of 5) Weed Potential : No: Medicinal Rating (0 of 5) Care (info) Of these … Orally or rectally, as a decoction, to ensure an easy delivery and a healthy child. In some genera, such as Narcissus, this may be surmounted by cup or trumpet shaped projection, the corona (paraperigonium or false corolla). Polyanthes tuberosa is used in gonorrhoea. The use of the term Ordo (order) at that time was closer to what we now understand as family, rather than order. Their economic importance lies in floriculture for cut flowers and bulbs, and commercial vegetable production. six stamens and one pistil) containing 51 genera in all in his sexual classification scheme. 732–734, Alan Meerow and Deirdré Snijman. Species of Nerine are autumn-flowering, perennial, bulbous plants, which inhabit areas with summer rainfall and cool, dry winters. Linnaeus described the type genus Amaryllis, from which the family derives its name, in his Species Plantarum in 1753, with nine species, in the Hexandria monogynia (i.e.  At the same time, they appreciated an argument existed for making Amaryllidaceae s.l. Journal of Beijing Union. The family is found in tropical to subtropical areas of the world and includes many ornamental garden plants and vegetables. Vol. Statistics. Na-ni YU: Study on Chemical Composition and Pharmacological Acticity of Clivia miniata Regel( Master Thesis of Jilin Agricultural University, China 2011). within the order Asparagales. In his first taxonomic work, An Introduction to the Natural System of Botany (1830) he partly followed De Jussieu by describing a subclass he called 'Endogenae, or Monocotyledonous Plants' (preserving de Candolle's Endogenæ phanerogamæ) divided into two tribes, the Petaloidea and Glumaceae. Traub (who provides a brief history of the family) largely followed Hutchinson, but with four subfamilies (Allioideae, Hemerocalloideae, Ixiolirioideae and Amaryllidoideae), the Amaryllidoideae he then divided further into two "infrafamilies", Amarylloidinae and Pancratioidinae, an arrangement with 23 tribes in total. The remnants of Stemomesson then formed a distinct clade with Eucharis (Eucharidae) and Eucharidae renamed as Stenomesseae (see Cladogram III).  In creating his scheme, De Jussieu used a modified form of Linnaeus' sexual classification, but with the respective topography of stamens to carpels rather than just their numbers. Taxonomy and Phylogeny.  Wettstein's Amaryllidaceae contained three subfamilies., including Amaryllidoideae and Agavoideae. The root is used in the treatment of swellings, ulcers and the nervous afflictions of children. Amaryllidaceae: USDA hardiness: 5-9: Known Hazards: The bulb contains toxins and must be leached before it is used for food. Use in the garden. Plants belonging to the Amaryllidaceae family are well known for their ornamental and medicinal use. The fruit is dry and capsule-shaped, or fleshy and berry-like. The family Amaryllidaceae was formally named as 'Amaryllidées' (Amaryllideae) in 1805, by Jean Henri Jaume Saint-Hilaire. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. Ninth National Conference on medicinal plants and herbal. Stockholm: Impensis Laurentii Salvii. The family is renowned for its use in horticulture. Under this proposal, the three families became reduced to subfamilies (and by extension the subfamilies of Alliaceae s.s. being reduced to tribes.) (family Amaryllidaceae J. The search for antimicrobial active crude extracts and molecules from the Amaryllidaceae plants is inspired by the widespread use of these plants in traditional medicine for the treatment of wounds and infections by different South African cultural groups. The leaves which are either grouped at the base or arranged alternatively on the stem may be sessile or petiolate and possess a meristem.  The new phyletic approach changed the way that taxonomists considered plant classification, incorporating evolutionary information into their schemata. The Amaryllidaceae have been used for thousands of years as herbal remedies; thus, in the fourth century B.C. to include the three sister families (Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae sensu stricto, s.s., and Amaryllidaceae), since together they form a monophyletic group. Vol. He treated Amaryllidaceae as bulbous plants with umbellate inflorescences, the latter characteristic being the defining feature: "an umbellate inflorescence subtended by an involucre of one or more spathaceous bracts". A predominantly South African clade identified as Amaryllideae was a sister group to the rest of the family. Towards a Molecular Understanding of the Biosynthesis of Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids in Support of Their Expanding Medical Use. Habitats: Sparsely wooded hills and low mountains all over Japan[58, 200]. Of the other two subfamilies, Allioideae was resolved into three subdivisions by the initial phylogenetic studies of Fay and Chase (1996). This family is one of the top 20 most widely used plant families well known for its ornamental value.  An old glossary of 1465, referring to it as Leucis i viola alba, classes it as an emmenagogue, and elsewhere, placed under the narcissi, its healing properties are stated to be 'digestive, resolutive and consolidante.' 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