Once established, they require minimal care other than a little water and occasional pruning. Introduced by the Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden, this cultivar is excellent in dry shade, as found around native oaks. He found Ribes sanguineum growing near Fort Vancouver soon after his arrival in the spring of 1825. Leaves drop soon after fruit ripens. Gray symbol: RIVI Leaf: Alternate, simple, evergreen and leathery, no lobes, may be entire irregularly toothed; dark green above, leaf underside has glands that exude sap with citrus or wine-scented sap that is very fragrant after rain or when bruised. It is quite tolerant of clay soil and requires little or no supplemental water in summer months, making it a great native shrub candidate for planting underneath an oak canopy. At the same time, warm and wet conditions can kill them.”, Glenn Keator, California native plant botanist and educator, believes that Ribes aren’t more widely used partly because of availability. Catalina Perfume (Evergreen currant; Ribes viburnifolium): Introduced by Bart O’Brien at Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden, this cultivar is notable for its long, drooping clusters of pale rose flowers from November to March. Unless otherwise noted in the following discussion: all plants are deciduous, prefer part sun to shade, and require good drainage and occasional to moderate water in summer; all are hardy to at least 10°F; most have an upright habit and grow with relative speed; all have flowers that are attractive to hummingbirds, bees, and other insect pollinators; most have fruits that are popular with robins, mockingbirds, thrashers, grosbeaks, and other birds less likely to hang out at a feeder. Ribes viburnifolium is a winter or early spring bloomer. [7-9, 11, 14-24], Ribes malvaceum var. An introduction from the University of British Columbia Botanical Garden, with pure white flowers on a graceful shrub (six feet tall and wide). Plants spread by layered stems or rhizomes; give them plenty of space to roam or prune suckers to control. Ribes sanguineum var. Ribes viburnifolium, Ribes viburnifolium, makes an attractive evergreen shrub growing 2-3 feet tall with a 6-foot spread, but can be controlled in smaller spaces. The small rose pink star-shaped flowers held in open cluster appear in late winter to mid spring. [4-9, 14-24] There are numerous selections of this variety, including: ‘Album’ Family: Grossulariaceae (Gooseberries or Currants), Ribes viburnifolium (Catalina Currant) - A typically open wide spreading evergreen shrub that grows 3-4 feet tall (a bit taller with support) and spreads to 6 feet. Decidedly underused, the genus Ribes is available in a dizzying number of ornamental species and cultivars for the West Coast gardener. Gray – island gooseberry Subordinate Taxa. ‘Pulborough Scarlet’ Rosy pink flowers appear in early spring, just as the leaves are emerging. Tips for … On the same bank, I enjoy the only evergreen member of the genus (in California that is), Ribes viburnifolium, catalina currant (also known as catalina perfume), endemic to Santa Catalina Island. 2 of 5 Ribes viburnifolium Photo: Las Pilitas Nursery 3 of 5 Foliage - Heuchera maxima Photo: Annie's Annuals & Perennials 4 of 5 Correa reflexa 'Carpenter Rocks.' Pendant clusters of pink to red flowers appear in late winter and early spring, typically just before new leaves emerge; leaves are sticky and pungent. The thorny branches are arching and grow 4- to 6-feet tall and wide. Floriferous and fast growing to eight feet tall, its flowers have deep red sepals and white petals in spring. He sent seeds back to England, and the new plants flowered in 1828 when they were a … Ribes malvaceum tolerates deer. Native to Catalina Island. Quite a few of the nurseries do carry R. sanguineum, so that’s probably going to be the most basic choice.”, Van Soelen, who introduced the cultivar ‘Heart’s Delight’ and propagates several difficult-to-find selections, says first-timers are likely to be smitten once their Ribes is established. A spreading shrub that’s popular as a tall ground cover for dry shade, evergreen currant (or Catalina perfume) bears little resemblance to other Ribes. Demanding? ‘Inverness White’ Its edible berries are attractive to birds, though its foliage is noted as not being particularly attractive to deer. Recommended citation 'Ribes' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline. Description: The evergreen currant is a fragrant evergreen shrub that grows 3-6 ft. tall and 6-10 ft. wide. [4-7, 14-18] There are many selections of this variant, including: ‘Barrie Coate’ Stem color complements the light … This plant is reliably root hardy to around 10� F (some note even a bit lower). Most are native to northern temperate regions, with a few found in South America. ‘King Edward VII’ We also grow a form with denser growth and broader leaves that comes from the mainland near the US and Mexico border - we call this form. The evergreen currant is a fragrant evergreen shrub that grows 3-6 ft. tall and 6-10 ft. wide. Whether you are trying Ribes for the first time or adding to your existing collection (like I plan to do), here’s a guide to the species and cultivars that are grown and sold in the West. [1-12, 14-23], Ribes aureum var. Introduced by Nevin Smith of Suncrest Nurseries, this bushy, roughly vase-shaped selection is notable for its long clusters of bright pink flowers. Description Evergreen currant is a rambling evergreen shrub with long arching branches and glossy deep green foliage that grows 2-3 ft. tall and spreads 5-7 ft. wide. Clusters of tiny, star-like, brownish purple flowers in late winter and spring are followed by small red orange to yellow berries, usually only in coastal gardens. glutinosum One of over 430 California native plants introduced to the public by horticultural pioneer Theodore Payne, pink flowering currant is widely available and versatile. This list of Ribes species shows many of the approximately 200 accepted species in the plant genus Ribes, the single genus in the Saxifragales family Grossulariaceae. “Nurseries don’t carry Ribes unless the nursery is focused on native plants. I knew that my garden had the ideal conditions to nourish them. Plant in sun (with irrigation) or light shade along coast to shade inland. This prostrate evergreen species produces a mass of richly textured leaves, making it an attractive groundcover for formal areas, rock gardens, or woodland beds. sanguineum ‘Brocklebankii’. Your support is critical to our continuing and future programs. Discovered on Tranquillon Ridge in Santa Barbara, and introduced by Native Sons Nursery, this is a fast-growing, upright shrub to ten feet tall and wide. Evergreen currant (Ribes viburnifolium) makes an excellent groundcover under oaks. glutinosum. Its shiny, dark-green, leathery, ovate leaves are held on burgundy-hued stems, with a fountain-like growth habit; leaves have a pleasing, spicy scent. Another advantage is that they’re habitat plants; hummingbirds love to feed on the nectar. Discovered by Roger Raiche on Inverness Ridge in Marin County, this is a quick-growing shrub with an upright habit. glutinosum but grows at higher elevations (4,000-8,000’) throughout California. Trustworthy? Its has dark shiny green leathery leaves that are fragrant after rains. I decided to give them a chance and am happy that I did. ‘Montara Rose’ Ribes malvaceum's flower color is … Leaves are less sticky than R. sanguineum var. [6-9, 14- 24] Several cultivars have been selected of this variant: ‘Dancing Tassels’ Wine-red stems may root in moist soils. Large, vivid, bright red flowers appear in spring on stiff, upright stems. ‘White Icicle’ Author’s photograph. org/ articles/ ribes/). I water mine infrequently and prune them back only when they start poking into a pathway. Its handsome, upright form (six to ten feet tall) is useful in narrow spaces. Photograph by RGT. Mountain pink currant resembles R. sanguineum var. – Wolf's currant P: Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. This shrub tolerates moist conditions and needs partial shade inland. “Ribes” is derived from the Persian or Arabic word ribas, meaning “acid-tasting” (presumably a reference to the edible fruits). A little rooting hormone, a perlite-based medium, and consistent moisture helped establish roots in six to eight weeks; then, straight into the ground they went. Ribes viburnifolium's flower color is red. It may bloom as early as January/February or as late as April in western Los Angeles County. Some authorities separate the … glutinosum) and evergreen currant (R. viburnifolium), two of the better-known, more widely available species, in one-gallon containers at a Merritt College (Oakland) plant sale. Phil Van Soelen, co-owner of California Flora Nursery in Fulton, California, offers a good explanation for why Ribes isn’t a more popular choice with home gardeners: “They dismiss it as a fussy plant” after first killing it with too much water or not enough. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Santa Catalina Island Gooseberry, Evergreen Currant, Catalina Perfume (Ribes viburnifolium) supplied by member gardeners in … Catalina Currant (Ribes viburnifolium) Also known as Santa Catalina Island Currant, Island Gooseberry, Catalina Perfume, or Evergreen currant, Catalina Currant (Ribes viburnifolium) has a limited natural range. Small roundish, leathery dark green leaves are fragrant when crushed. Catalina Currant is native to Santa Catalina Island and extreme coastal southern California into Baja California, where it can be found growing in full to part shade. Previous Photo Next Photo Information by: Photographer: Description. Ribes nevadense Placed in the gooseberry family (Grossulariaceae), the genus includes close to 150 species. Ribes sanguineum var. It is native to Santa Catalina and San Clemente Island and northern coastal Baja Calif Dark pink flower buds open into medium pink flowers in early spring. Since those inaugural plantings, I’ve introduced a few more into my Oakland garden. In Ribes Because all Ribes species are alternative hosts of the destructive blister rust fungus, which also attacks white pines, there are local prohibitions to growing Ribes near any white pine plantations. Native to chaparral, oak woodland, and closed cone coniferous forest in the Coast Ranges from Marin to Los Angeles counties, it prefers more sun in coastal and cooler climates, but part shade inland. It is known by the common names Catalina currant, Santa Catalina Island currant, island gooseberry and … Selected from near the summit of Montara Mountain in San Mateo County by Roger Raiche, its flowers have rose red buds that open a dark rose color in December and January. All grown up now and in vibrant health, they anchor my woodsy garden, lining paths and rubbing elbows with native coffeeberry (Rhamnus californica), ninebark (Physocarpus opulifolius), dogwood (Cornus), and others that appreciate the site’s dappled light, acidic soil, and decent drainage. Hummingbirds love it all winter long. [6-10, 14-24], Ribes indecorum Adaptable to most well-drained soils and extremely drought tolerant in clay, it needs little maintenance and can aid in erosion control on dry slopes. The yellow berries turn black as they ripen. My romance with the West’s native currants and gooseberries, both in the genus Ribes, began in 2005, but I would not call it love at first sight. Ribes viburnifolium's foliage color is reddish-green, type is evergreen and has fragrance. Ribes viburnifolium An evergreen shrub native to Catalina Island and Baja California with arching, spineless, wine-red stems. It has red stems and small rose-colored flowers with red berries between February and April. Accessed 2020-11-27. Planted in masses at the edge of a shady spot, espaliered against an east-facing wall, or used as an understory shrub, it is harmonious with toyon, oaks, and coffeeberry. They have attractive foliage and beautiful flowers, and one of the great things about them is that so many of them bloom really early. Light green leaves turn orange, red, and yellow in fall. This “genius genus” has seriously grown on me. Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon = "Ribes viburnifolium" ORDER BY taxon Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement Chaparral currant blooms in winter, with numerous clusters of fragrant pink flowers from late October to March; hummingbirds simply love it. Roundish, leathery dark green leaves are fragrant after rain or when crushed. Introduced by Nevin Smith, this colorful selection produces graceful, drooping clusters of red flowers all winter long on six-foot-tall shrubs. Ribes sanguineum var. 8225 Waters Road • Moorpark • CA 93021 • p 805 523-8604 • f 805 523-2298 malvaceum It has red stems and small rose-colored flowers with red berries between February and April. A movement to inspire youth and promote horticultural careers…, I’m a gardener, but when I went to college, I did not study horticulture�…, Sit Next to a Plant – It’s Good for You Does having a small housepla…. Ribes malvaceum var. glutinosum) in Vancouver, BC. Photograph by Carol Bornstein. A quick growing, upright habit, with a vase shape, this selection produces large clusters of rosy red flowers in early spring. “In most situations, Ribes absolutely need water, especially in hotter, inland climates (like that of Sebastopol). Common names are from state and federal lists. Ribes malvaceum is great for a bird garden. Light pink to purple flowers from midwinter into spring. This shrub tolerates moist conditions and needs partial shade inland. Ribes, genus of about 150 species of shrubs of two distinct groups, the currants and the gooseberries, constituting the family Grossulariaceae. Photograph by RGT. ‘Spring Showers’ malvaceum ‘Dancing Tassels’ begins flowering in November. Ribes sanguineum var. Noxious Weed Information; This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. The flowers are evenly spaced on short (1-3 inch) flowering stalks (see above). Large clusters of pendulous white to red flowers appear in early to mid-spring; black fruits are fairly tasty. Ribes viburnifolium. Adaptable to most soils, including clay, it will grow faster with summer water. Ribes malvaceum var. ‘Pokey’s Pink’ “Just a tiny bit of finesse” is all it takes, he says. The species of Ribes that are known as currants lack spines, or have few, on stems, leaves, sepals, and fruits. Nevin Smith introduced this selection with dense, arching clusters of small pink and white blossoms, which grace its upright branches in late winter and early spring. Ribes viburnifolium Description California native plant; good shade-tolerant groundcover under native oaks and in other dry, shady areas; shiny and fragrant foliage looks attractive all year; attracts hummingbirds and beneficial insects. Ideal for planting around a mountain cabin, it can tolerate drought conditions as well as riparian settings. Accessed 2020-11-27. Paul Lee Cannon is a freelance journalist who’s written for The American Gardener, the San Jose Mercury News, and the…, Pink flowering currant (Ribes sanguineum var. Leathery, oval, dark green leaves are fragrant after rain or when crushed. It is somewhat more compact than the other selections. About Catalina Currant (Ribes viburnifolium) 48 Nurseries Carry This Plant Add to My Plant List The shrub is known by the common names Catalina Perfume, Island Gooseberry and Evergreen Currant. Catalina perfume. ‘Tranquillon Ridge’ A fast grower with an upright (six to twelve feet tall), vase-like silhouette, it makes an ideal background plant for the woodland garden. Ribes viburnifolium, is an uncommon North American species in the gooseberry family. The genus comprises both deciduous and evergreen shrubs; those possessing spines are known as gooseberries, those without spines as currants. They have small, glossy, light green, palmately lobed leaves and short clusters of bright yellow, sometimes fragrant flowers that emerge in early to mid-spring; the translucent berries may be yellow, orange, red, or purple and are excellent for desserts and jellies. They are native to the temperate regions of North America, extending southward into the Andes. Observation Search (99 records) Plant Characteristics. We have several such stands on our nursery that we never irrigate and they continue to look stunning, even after the 5 years of drought from 2011-16. ‘Elk River Red’ Photograph by Bart O’Brien, Ribes viburnifolium Golden currants are tolerant of a variety of conditions, from nearly full sun to shade, and complement coast live oak (Quercus agrifolia), coffeeberry, toyon (Heteromeles arbutifolia), and ceanothus of various kinds. Traditionally, these have been divided into a number of subgenera, such as subgenus Ribes (currants) and … Golden currants are fast-growing shrubs, three to six feet tall, with an upright habit that permits training into different shapes. Edible currants and gooseberries are mostly native to Europe and Asia. Ribes speciosum, a showy gooseberry, blooms from late winter to early spring with bright red, fuchsia-like flowers. Native from the North Coast Ranges of California to British Columbia, often in moist situations alongside streams. It has red stems and small rose-colored flowers with red berries between February and April. It would be better described as a love that grew over time. – Discounted rates on travel programs This species is native to Santa Catalina Island, and parts of Baja, California. Adaptable to most soils, it tolerates full sun and infrequent watering. Found from Humboldt to Santa Barbara counties in the Coast Ranges, this species is best with summer water in hot inland areas. Evergreen Currant, Catalina Perfume. Gardeners searching for easy, adaptable, and versatile shrubs should consider Ribes. Red berries. Ribes viburnifolium's … Its drooping clusters of pale pink flowers appear from April to July on shrubs of three to six feet in height. This variant of golden currant has yellow flowers that turn red on aging and also tolerates a wide range of conditions. It is found in southern California in the United States, especially on Santa Catalina Island, and into northern Baja California in Mexico. It has thin dark red stems bearing ovate 1 inch wide aromatic leathery dark green leaves on stems arching up and out from the center of the plant. Flowers Jan - May, fruits May to July. (The species known as gooseberries will be covered in a future issue of Pacific Horticulture. Leaves roundish, usually 1 in. Membership benefits apply to gifts of $50+: – Invitations to special members-only events Ribes viburnifolium. This plant has no children Legal Status. – Discounted admission to select partner events. Ribes viburnifolium is a fragrant evergreen that thrives under oak trees. The leaves are thick, neatly rounded and formed, with bronzy undersides and autumn color that persists through the winter. Dark blue berries are popular with birds in fall. Ribes curvatum Small. Native to Santa Catalina Island and Baja California, it grows in full shade to part shade. Attractive reddish-brown bark contrasts nicely with the resinous bright green leaves. Enjoy reading PacHort's informative articles and archives? sanguineum ‘Pulborough Scarlet’. All content is made possible by the generous gifts of our supporters. With their low-maintenance/high-reward appeal, I’m surprised I haven’t seen more ornamental currants and gooseberries in residential gardens. Needs part shade in hottest climates. It is right at home under oaks. Catalina Currant is a great ornamental shrub for the garden either left to grow open and loose or tipped back to make a more dense plant. Ribes viburnifolium Evergreen Currant. It usually reaches five to six feet in height but wider. A low, deciduous, bushy shrub 3 ft high; the shoots glabrous, purplish, armed with slender, simple or triple spines. Click on a … They continue to thrive in my garden today. Ribes viburnifolium A. Drought tolerant once established, it flowers best in full sun but also grows well in part shade. They were a little underwhelming, as so many California native plants are in nursery containers, but I had heard and read good things about them, and hoped that the rewards would be plentiful once they settled in. If you have flowers in your garden all year, you don’t have to have a hummingbird feeder; you simply provide them with plants they would naturally visit.”, White flowering currant (Ribes indecorum). Last summer, I discovered that several West Coast nurseries propagate and/or sell a surprising variety of native currants and gooseberries. Long grown in England, this is a distinctive, five-foot-tall shrub with gorgeous golden foliage in spring that becomes a striking chartreuse in summer. Leaves are often pungently aromatic and sometimes viscous (sticky); flowers are usually fragrant, bloom early in the year, and are produced in pendant racemes. Red flowering currant may be the most widely grown of all species. The evergreen currant is a fragrant evergreen shrub that grows 3-6 ft. tall and 6-10 ft. wide. This is slower growing than most cultivars, with leaves prone to burning in full sun; some shade is best. CNDDB Plant Distribution. photo-unavailable.jpg. Gray – island gooseberry P: Species Ribes victoris Greene – Victor's gooseberry P: Species Ribes viscosissimum Pursh – sticky currant P: Species Ribes watsonianum Koehne – spring gooseberry P: Species Ribes wolfii Rothr. gracillimum Evergreen shrub. In fact, R. malvaceum actually blooms in the wintertime. Discovered by Barrie Coate near the Geysers in Sonoma County, this moderate grower with a bushy, upright habit, produces short clusters of fragrant, deep pink blossoms from February through March. This variant is native from Riverside County to the southern Bay Area. Evergreen currant (Ribes viburnifolium) makes an excellent groundcover under oaks. Ribes viburnifolium (Catalina Currant) - A typically open wide spreading evergreen shrub that grows 3-4 feet tall (a bit taller with support) and spreads to 6 feet. viridifolium ‘Ortega Beauty’ Showy white flower clusters take on a rosy hue as they fade. I obtained some, such as R. sanguineum var. Photo: Plantmaster Species Ribes viburnifolium A. Green, glossy leaves on long, … The evergreen currant is native to … Ribes viburnifolium Evergreen Currant This small fragrant shrub can be a good choice for shaded areas, such as under oaks. A coastal Marin County selection introduced by Phil Van Soelen, of California Flora Nursery, this produces long, drooping racemes of deep rosy pink blossoms. Ribes viburnifolium + Add: Evergreen Currant, Catalina Perfume : Previous Photo Next Photo Information by: Jerry Sortomme Photographer: Description. sanguineum evergreen currant Grossulariaceae Ribes viburnifolium A. ), A loosely espaliered golden currant (Ribes aureum). Ribes sanguineum var. Ribes viburnifolium, a dicot, is a shrub that is native to California and Baja California. Ease of care is just one of several rewards, according to Keator, who grows several species in his own Bay Area garden. glutinosum ‘Tranquillon Ridge’. 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