Leaves can be eaten raw or cooked; the youngest, greenest leaves at the center are best for raw eating. See {Tooth}, n., and {Lion}.] Haglund : Leontodon taraxacoides (Vill.) Subordinate Taxa. Taraxacum undulatum Lindb. They form deep taproots and the whole plant contains a milky latex sap. Deeply toothed, with backward-pointing teeth or lobes. Wigg. Life Cycle. Taraxacum officinale is a perennial plant that can grow up to 0.45 metres tall. This site is maintained by the Center for Agriculture, Food and the Environment, Asteraceae (Compositae) - Aster or Sunflower Family, introduced perennial, reproducing by seed, reproductive (scapes), hollow, whitish, unbranched, leafless, oblanceolate, deeply toothed, backward pointing teeth or lobes, basal rosette, mid-vein hollow, heads of bright yellow ray (ligulate) florets, ray flower toothed tips; solitary; closing at night, form "puffball" when mature, to common UMass Amherst services and features, UMass Extension Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program, Civil Rights and Non-Discrimination Information, Center for Agriculture, Food and the Environment. Common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is the familiar, bright yellow dandelion that pops up along roadsides, in meadows, along riverbanks, and of course, in lawns. Wigg. Identification Notes. Schinz & R. Keller : Taraxacum palustre var. and the generic name Taraxacum: A review and a new typification proposal (2011). Species. Taraxacum officinale ssp. Their seed head is a beautiful puffball and delights young and old when they blow on it to disperse the seed. Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Subfamily: Cichorioideae Tribe: Cichorieae Subtribe: Crepidinae Genus: Taraxacum F. H. Wigg. The root is a coffee substitute. Taraxacum officinale. The plants introduced to North America are triploids that reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis Some authorities recogni… non Rodin : Taraxacum vulgare Lam. This is actually an aggregate species of many hundreds of slightly differing species. vulgare (Lam.) : Common Name: COMMON DANDELION: Plant Notes: Kirschner & Stepánek (2011) selected an uncited lectotype annotated by Linnaeus that is more congruent with the basionym protologue and current usage of T. officinale (T. sect. common dandelion Taraxacum officinale Weed Profile - Weed Identification. Useful Plants of Boyacá Project • Red-seeded Dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum) Family Name: Asteraceae (Compositae) - Aster or Sunflower Family. Synonyms: Taraxacum officinale var. The stems produce flower heads, can be tinted purplish, and are upright or lax. Typification of Leontodon taraxacum L. (= Taraxacum officinale F.H. Young flowers taste like honey but they become bitter when they mature. Taraxacum kok-saghyz auct. Dandelions have many positive features, such as: VIDEO Created by Homegrown featuring Travis Birdsell, County Extension Director and Extension Agent for Ashe County Extension. Taraxacum xanthostigma Lindb. Stems 1–10+, erect or ascending, sometimes ± purplish (usually equaling or surpassing leaves), glabrous or sparsely villous, slightly more so distally. Leaves form a basal rosette with very uneven teeth, very rarely entire. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Literature. Taraxacum officinale Wiggers: Common Name: Common Dandelion: Habitat: ** Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Herb: Duration: Perennial: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: TAOF: Plant Notes: Common Dandelion is an introduced herbaceous perennial in the Sunflower family (Asteraceae). Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. It is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria, New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania and Western Australia. & tepánek, J. Taxon 60. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Dandelions are pesky weeds for gardeners, and a joy for children. Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale Weber in Wiggers. introduced perennial, reproducing by seed. A possible alternative derivation of Taraxacum is suggested in T he Treasury of Botany : 'The generic name is possibly derived from the Greek taraxo ("I have excited" or "caused") and achos (pain), in allusion to the medicinal effects of the plant.' The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Taraxacum officinale . Common Name: dandelion, lion's tooth. Dandelion as a medicine was first mentioned in the works of the Arabian physicians of the tenth and eleventh centuries, who speak of it as a sort of wild Endive, under the name of Taraxcacon. Kirschner, J. Roots are roasted and used as a coffee alternative. Not generally used in the home landscape. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies … It is also one of the most appreciated wild edible plants. Get Label RSS Feed for this Drug TARAXACUM OFFICINALE- common dandelion granule The common name dandelion comes from the French 'dent de lion' which translates to "lion's tooth" referring to the deep green leaves that are toothed. Their leaves, roots, and flowers are all edible. The Dandelion, so common throughout the British Isles, is named Taraxacum officinales, a species name that is suggestive of its rootsâ use in herbal medicine and the edibility of the leaves. Flowerheads are solitary on the end of a long leafless stem, and are composed of ray florets only. It has also been used medicinally. Broadleaf perennial weed, fast-spreading, generally spread by seed, but once established are not affected by pre-emergent herbicides. Fernald : Common Name(s): common dandelion [English] blowball [English] faceclock [English] dandelion [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: form a strategic partnership called N.C. Hollow stems are reproductive (scapes) exude a milky sap they are leafless and unbranched, They provide nectar and pollen to honeybees and other beneficial insects, particularly important in early spring when they are one of the only plants in bloom. Taraxacum officinale . The taxonomy of this genus has been complicated by the recognition of numerous species, subspecies and microspecies. Type species Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg. Although it’s considered to be an invasive weed, these dandelions have value as a medicinal and culinary herb. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is well known because it grows virtually everywhere worldwide and is a very hardy perennial herb.It grows to a height of about 12 inches, with oblong, deeply toothed, hairless green leaves and distinctive yellow flowers that bloom year-round. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Taraxacum officinale is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant, up to 15.7 inches (40 cm) tall. Plants (1–)5–40 (–60) cm; taproots seldom branched. Drug names that are ambiguous or not compatible with the RxNorm system, such as multivitamins with more than 4,000 characters in their names, are also out of scope. The common name dandelion comes from the French 'dent de lion' which translates to "lion's tooth" referring to the deep green leaves that are toothed. Taraxacum officinale, Common Dandelion. There are no recognized subspecies, varieties, or forms. Liogier, A.H. (1996). Not generally used in the home landscape. Dandelion Temporal range: Miocene–recent A dandelion flower head composed of numerous small florets. Taraxacum officinale — Dandelion Dan de*li on, n. [F. dent de lion lion s tooth, fr. f. & Marklund : Taraxacum vagans G.E. For example, Rothmaler's flora of Germany recognizes roughly 70 microspecies. The common name comes from the French “dent de lion”—tooth of lion—referring to the sharp leaf lobes. The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. Impact on community composition, structure, and interactions: Common dandelion competes with native plants for moisture and nutrients. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Bright yellow ray flowers with toothed tips appear throughout the year on second-year plants. They form deep taproots and the whole plant contains a milky latex sap. N.C. Preston, C. D., Pearman, D. A. Antipodean Is., species aggregate Taraxacum palustre agg. vulgare (Lam.) Mentioned on page 7, 239, 240, 241, 242, 243, 245, 246. Commonly known as dandelion, Taraxacum officinale has many culinary and medicinal uses, despite being generally regarded as a weed. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Fluffy downy round seeds heads are dispersed by wind. Treatment on page 244. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The technical name of a plant consists of two parts, a genus (pl. It is often thought of as a 'weed' of grassy places. Flowers provide nectar to pollinators and bees. Phytomedicine 2005;12:588-97. Taraxacum F.H. (Bot.) Please use the State … genera) name and a specific epithet that together comprise the species name. Common dandelion is very similar to red-seeded dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum), which has also been introduced to North America. They are singular heads on their stems and the flowers close in the evening. – common dandelion. Other common names: Blowball Other scientific names: Leontodon taraxacum, Taraxacum dens-leonis, Taraxacum taraxacum, Taraxacum vulgare French names: Pissenlit officinal Family: Composite Family (Asteraceae) Group: Dandelions Similar species: • Marsh Dandelion (Taraxacum palustre) - Sepals are not recurved downward. Wigg.) f. Leontodon taraxacoides ssp. View abstract. Ecological Impact. A well known plant of the genus {Taraxacum} ( {Taraxacum officinale}, formerly called {Taraxacum Dens leonis} and… …. In this country, we find allusion to it in the Welsh medicines of the thirteenth century. Mérat : Leontodon taraxacum L. Taraxacum devians Dahlst. Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately). – dandelion. ... Common names are used instead of botanical.]. Dandelions are well-known, robust weeds; vernacular names for the dandelion include 'wet-the-bed' and 'pissy-beds', which refer to the belief that just touching part of a dandelion can cause bed-wetting. Leaves and flowers are used in salads and stir-fries as well as jams, wines, and teas. Scientific name: Taraxacum officinale The common dandelion is a most familiar flower: counting down the 'clock', while blowing the fluffy seeds from its head, is a favourite childhood game. ©2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst • Site Policies, Civil Rights and Non-Discrimination Information Taraxacum officinale F.H. The two can be distinguished by the shape of the leaves, features in the green bracts (phyllaries) surrounding the head of flowers, and the color of the seeds. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) flower extract suppresses both reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide and prevents lipid oxidation in vitro. The taxonomy of the genus Taraxacum is complicated by apomictic and polyploid lineages, and the taxonomy and nomenclatural situation of Taraxacum officinale is not yet fully resolved. ABBREVIATION : TAROFF SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : TAOF COMMON NAMES : common dandelion dandelion TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for common dandelion is Taraxacum officinale Weber . It is commonly eaten by moose, bears, sharptailed grouse, pocket - gophers, The seedhead is shown below it. There is a Red-seeded Dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum) that is largely indistinguishable from T. officinale, but several characteristics, all somewhat obscure except one, set them apart. Taraxacum officinale is a perennial herbaceous plant, known by the common names Dandelion, Blowball, Lion’s-tooth, Cankerwort. Flora de la Española 8: 1-588. L. dens tooth + leo lion. T. officinale is not a valid name for this species, but no valid name has as yet been ascribed to it. For instance, the correct name of the common dandelion is Taraxacum officinale where Taraxacum is the genus and officinale, the species. Broadleaf perennial weed, fast-spreading, generally spread by seed, but once established are not affected by pre-emergent herbicides. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is commonly a weed of habitation and agricultural areas, but also invades natural vegetation in the temperate regions of Australia. Oblanceolate shape form a basal rosette. Taraxacum rhodolepis Dahlst. Use flowers in wine, jam, and salads. Family: ASTERACEAE: Species: Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F.H.Wigg. Young leaves are best for raw eating and older leaves are better cooked. 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