Brighton, UK: Institute of Development Studies This rapid review synthesises evidence on the impact of climate change in Nigeria (geographic, sectoral, demographic and security impacts) and responses to address it (i.e. The journal also explores technological, policy, strategic, and social responses to climate change. climate change mitigation and adaptation, adaptive capacity and capacity development). Brighton, UK: Institute of Development Studies, Institute of Development Studies Research Repository, http://opendocs.ids.ac.uk/opendocs/handle/20.500.12413/14761, https://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3/. Rainfall variation is projected to continue to increase. Climate projections for the coming decades reveal a significant increase in temperature over all the ecological zones. climate change and south africa: impacts and responses Dr Peter Johnston, climatologist, Department of Environmental and Geographic Science, University of Cape Town This course will present the scientific basis of global warming and climate change and the anticipated impacts on the environment, both human and natural . Temperature has risen significantly since the 1980s. Climate-related displacement and migration is set to be the greatest challenge of our era. Although no region of the world will be entirely spared, the negative impacts are likely to fall most heavily on poor nations in the tropical region. The views expressed therein are not necessarily those of UNDRR PreventionWeb, or its sponsors. climate change on agriculture and adaptation responses, and mitigation of greenhouse gases from agriculture; outlines research undertaken and underway in other national and international research agencies; and highlights some of the knowledge gaps in the impacts of climate change on food production and the uncertainties of those impacts in a global context that warrant further research … The durations and intensities of rainfall have increased, producing large runoffs and flooding in many places in Nigeria (Enete IC, 2014). While data on the global impacts of climate change is available, those at regional levels are scanty and scattered. Direct health impacts stem from extreme weather events such as heat waves (BNRCC, 2011). The vast majority of the literature that provides evidence of climate change impacts and responses, however, focuses on the agricultural sector and on individual farming communities in particular regions of the country. Justin Udie. South African Government’s vision for an effective climate change response and the long-term, just transition to a climate-resilient and lower-carbon economy and society. There are a few comprehensive reports and papers that provide useful evidence and discussion of the various impacts of climate change throughout Nigeria. K4D Helpdesk Report 675. This rapid review synthesises evidence on the impact of climate change in Nigeria (geographic, sectoral, demographic and security impacts) and responses to address it (i.e. Institute of Development Studies (IDS). Precipitation in southern areas is expected to rise and rising sea levels are expected to exacerbate flooding and submersion of coastal lands (Akande et al., 2017; Ebele and Emodi, 2016). There is now widespread consensus that the Earth is warming at a rate unprece-dented during post hunter-gatherer human existence. Leticia Ozawa-Meida. To start a new collection, enter a new tag below. This is commendable considering it is one of the top six greenhouse gas emitters in Africa. A PreventionWeb user, Climate change in Nigeria: Impacts and responses. Mean annual and monthly temperature and rainfall data were collected from the Nigerian Meteorological … This is likely due to the need for much greater implementation of mitigation and adaption measures in Nigeria. Overall, however, scientists consider that most o… This rapid review synthesises evidence on the impact of climate change in Nigeria (geographic, sectoral, demographic and security impacts) and responses to address it (i.e. See My collections to name and share your collection Precipitation in southern areas is expected to rise and rising sea levels are expected to exacerbate flooding and submersion of coastal lands. On the other hand, women have unique knowledge and skills that can help make the response to climate change more effective and sustainable. For example, increased sea-ice melt and ocean acidification in the Arctic Ocean is reducing krill populations, threatening the survival of whales, penguins and seals that depend on krill as a primary food source. Climate change adaptation is extremely important in Nigeria. It helps young people understand and address the impact of global warming, encourages changes in their attitudes and behaviour and helps them adapt to climate change-related trends. There are a few comprehensive reports and papers that provide useful evidence and discussion of the various impacts of climate change throughout Nigeria. The effects of climate change on even the smallest species can threaten ecosystems and other species across the food chain. Mitigation – reducing climate change – involves reducing the flow of heat-trapping greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, either by reducing sources of these gases (for example, the burning of fossil fuels for electricity, heat or transport) or enhancing the “sinks” that accumulate and store these gases (such as the oceans, forests and soil). Climate change in Nigeria: Impacts and responses. Whereas many regions are likely to experience the adverse effects of climate change--some of which are potentially irreversible--some effects of climate change are likely to be beneficial. We seek to build an epistemic community where we can make linkages across disciplinary, geographic, and cultural boundaries. For example, milder winters would reduce the seasonal winter-time peak in deaths that occurs in temperate countries, while in currently hot regions a further increase in temperatures might reduce the viability of disease-transmitting mosquito populations. Hence, different segments of society can expect to confront a variety of changes and the need to adapt to them (IPCC, 1995). Nigeria has ratified the 2915 Paris Agreement. This is likely due to the need for much greater implementation of mitigation and adaption measures in Nigeria. Droughts have also become a constant in Nigeria, and are expected to continue in Northern Nigeria, arising from a decline in precipitation and rise in temperature (Amanchukwu et al., 2015; Olapido, 2010). Content is displayed as last posted by a PreventionWeb community member or editor. use, CONTRIBUTED BY: The durations and intensities of rainfall have increased, producing large runoffs and flooding in many places in Nigeria. to the effects of climate change, which could, in turn, exacerbate existing gender disparities. climate change mitigation and adaptation, adaptive capacity and capacity development). The most common manifestations of climate change in Nigeria are changes in precipitation and temperature, with the latter reported to have been above normal since 1979 (Ojo 2008). K4D Helpdesk Report 675. Rainfall variation is projected to continue to increase. JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Droughts have also become a constant in Nigeria, and are expected to continue in Northern Nigeria, arising from a decline in precipitation and rise in temperature. Enter an existing tag to add this content to one or more of your current collections. The nine distinct cases of physical climate risk in various geographies and sectors that we examine, including direct impact and knock-on effects, as well as adaptation costs and strategies, help illustrate the specific socioeconomic impact of the different physical climate hazards on the examined human, physical, or natural system (Exhibit 5). In order to minimize the negative impact of climate change on the ecosystems, water resources, socioeconomic domains, a number of adaptation measures are open to Nigeria. Through its Climate Change Education for Sustainable Development programme, UNESCO aims to make climate change education Quantifying these responses, and identifying when agriculture is most vulnerable to stress, is beneficial in helping to identify the most efficient strategies for adaptation. In Nigeria, in addition to autonomous adaptation, there must also … Health: Climate change has serious implications for human health in Nigeria. Nigeria’s climate has been changing, evident in: increases in temperature; variable rainfall; rise in sea level and flooding; drought and desertification; land degradation; more frequent extreme weather events; affected fresh water resources and loss of biodiversity. Temperature has risen significantly since the 1980s (Enete IC, 2014, 234; Federal Ministry of Environment, 2014). This rapid review synthesises evidence on the impact of climate change in Nigeria (geographic, sectoral, demographic and security impacts) and responses to address it (i.e. As the country strives to meet the food consumption needs of its rapidly growing population, agriculture in the country (as in the rest of sub-Saharan Africa) is expected to be among the hardest hit by climate change (Parry et al. The scope of this paper is to identify a strategy for climate change responses in agriculture that are consistent with safeguarding food security, rural livelihoods . Patriarchy equips men with stronger adaptive capability, especially in the area of vocational flexibility and mobility. Views: 57 . Against the backdrop of the deadly effects of climate change, it is important that Nigeria mitigates these by letting people appreciate the reality and the … responses in agriculture can only be achieved within the ecologic, economic and social sustainability goals set forth by the World Food Summit, the Millennium Development Goals and the UNFCCC. Discussion of other mitigation and adaptation measures in the literature often takes the form of recommendations, rather than examples of what has already been achieved. The full relationship between fisheries and climate change is difficult to explore due to the context of each fishery and the many pathways that climate change affects. climate change mitigation and adaptation, adaptive capacity and capacity development). The responses of yield to various stresses have been well defined through experimentation in many crops. Subhes Bhattacharyya. While there is a general consensus that global warming impacts us all, the role it will play in future human migration is often underestimated. The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses seeks to create an interdisciplinary forum for discussion of evidence of climate change, its causes, its ecosystemic impacts, and its human impacts. Lake Chad and other lakes in the country are drying up and at risk of disappearing. Monitoring climate change impacts on human health 278 Adapting to climate change 278 Responses: from science to policy 280 Concluding remarks 281 References 282 Glossary 284 Index 306 viii CLIMATE CHANGE AND HUMAN HEALTH. The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 12, Issue 4 . Nigeria’s climate has been changing, evident in: increases in temperature; variable rainfall; rise in sea level and flooding; drought and desertification; land degradation; more frequent extreme weather events; affected fresh water resources and loss of biodiversity (see: Elisha et al., 2017; Ebele and Emodi, 2016; Olaniyi et al., 2013). Climate change includes both the global warming driven by human emissions of greenhouse gases, and the resulting large-scale shifts in weather patterns. The National Climate Change Response Strategy (NCCRS), also referred to as the ‘Strategy’, is the culmination of a year-long process to develop a comprehensive and concerted suite of strategies to respond to the challenges climate change is posing to Kenya’s socioeconomic development. Some features of this site may not work without it. https://www.preventionweb.net/go/68975, Please note:Content is displayed as last posted by a PreventionWeb community member or editor. Hundreds of millions of people may be at risk of climate-related poverty, especially in developing countries, if the global economy does not cut greenhouse gas emissions, a UN report warned in October. Indeed, Nigeria has long been known to be vulnerable to climate change and its adverse effects, especially on the health and livelihoods of Nigerians. Though there have been previous periods of climatic change, since the mid-20th century, humans have had unprecedented impact on Earth's climate system and caused change on a global scale. Warnings on the dire consequences of climate change in the coming years have been ramping up recently. Nigeria: Putting local actors in the driving seat of climate finance, See our terms of South Africa’s response to climate change has two objectives: • Effectively manage inevitable climate change impacts through interventions that build and sustain South Haider, H. (2019). outlines the impact of climate change in four developing country regions: Africa, Asia, Latin America and small island developing States; the vulnerability of these regions to future climate change; current adaptation plans, strategies and actions; and future adaptation options and needs. Integrating Analytic Hierarchy Process in Assessing the Criticality of Vulnerable Oil and Gas Infrastructure to Climate Change Impacts in the Niger Delta. climate change mitigation and adaptation, adaptive capacity and capacity development). Climate change disproportionately impacts developing countries, and more specifically fragile states. Nigeria’s climate has been changing, evident in: increases in temperature; variable rainfall; rise in sea level and flooding; drought and desertification; land degradation; more frequent extreme weather events; affected fresh water resources and loss of biodiversity (see: Elisha et al., 2017; Ebele and Emodi, 2016; Olaniyi et al., 2013). Likewise, there would be impacts on human health. Some of these health impacts would be beneficial. The goal of mitigation is to avoid significant human interference with the climate system, an… The durations and intensities of rainfall have increased, … Founded in 2009, the Climate Change: Impacts & Responses Research Network is brought together by a common concern for the science of, and social responses to, climate change. The country’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) made under the Paris Agreement embodies the country’s efforts to reduce national emissions and to adapt to the effects of climate change. Lake Chad and other lakes in the country are drying up and at risk of disappearing (Dioha and Emodi, 2018; Elisha et al., 2017). The vast majority of the literature that provides evidence of climate change impacts and responses, however, focuses on the agricultural sector and on individual farming communities in particular regions of the country. Serial Founded: 2009 Although it has far-reaching consequences for humanity, attention to climate change impacts on the ocean lags behind concern for impacts on the atmosphere and land. Climate projections for the coming decades reveal a significant increase in temperature over all the ecological zones (Akande et al., 2017). Source(s):  Education is an essential element of the global response to climate change. Views: 115 . An email has been sent to the email addresses provided, with a link to this content. In addition, while there is some discussion about necessary capacity building at the individual, group and community level to engage in climate change responses, there is much less attention given to higher levels of capacity at the state and national level. use. However, there is strong global evidence for these effects. In addition, while there is some discussion about necessary capacity building at the individual, group and community level to engage in climate change responses, there is much less attention given to higher levels of capacity at the state and national level. See our terms of Discussion of other mitigation and adaptation measures in the literature often takes the form of recommendations, rather than examples of what has already been achieved. The views expressed therein are not necessarily those of UNDRR PreventionWeb, or its sponsors. Brighton, UK: Institute of Development Studies K4D Helpdesk Report 675. Change in world climate would influence the functioning of many ecosystems and their member species. Using Nigeria as a case study, the article showed how patriarchy paves way for high rate of exposure of women to adverse impacts of climate change. 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