It identifies people from a particular group, and it is a broader term which represents them—for example- Shrestha, Basnet, Luitel, Soni and so on. But, in, The Caste System and Class Struggle in Nepal, Ahuti says, ‘Five thousand years ago, fair-skinned Aryas from Europe entered what is today Iran. Dalit body is the prison for the Dalit human and his corporeal being precedes him and is itself considered as evidence of its lowness.’ She calls this an ontological wound. The indigenous people who were defeated in war were enslaved while the victorious Aryas became the slave-owners. Her zodiac sign is Aquarius. The Joshi are a Brahmin group who lives in many states of Indian. Newars are one of the major castes of Nepal. This fact is reflected not only in the views of Dalit politicians but also in the grammar used by Brahmins. See here the total Nepali Thar haru. In the course of the purported debate, Joshi logically refuted the assertions made by his opponents regarding the burden imposed by the priestly caste upon the Nepali society; the donations to the priests as required during various religious functions; and the caste system. Malina Joshi was born on Friday, 27 January 1989 (age 31 years; as in 2020), in Dharan, Nepal. In the course of the purported debate, Joshi logically refuted the assertions made by his opponents regarding the burden imposed by the priestly caste upon the Nepali society; the donations to the priests as required during various religious functions; and the caste system. James Lochtefeld (2002), "Jyotisha" in The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Vol. [1][2] Joshi is a common family name in Delhi, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Goa and Uttar Pradesh in India[3] and Nepal. How can we not feel ashamed that the oppressive burden of caste has still not crumbled in our days, with our generation, informed by the caste experiences of Tanka Prasad and Ahuti, having seen the struggles for democracy and the long decade of a People’s War? Tanka Prasad Acharya, who fought for democracy, is a revolutionary leader. The inter-caste love-marriage between Ajit Mijar, a grandson of the so-called untouchable person, and Kalpana Parajuli, a Brahmin woman, didn’t only debase the caste of the bride, but it also took Ajit’s life. Asking questions comes with a high cost. ‘They say a son continues the lineage,’ I begin. But, how is it possible to understand his life without examining caste, which sits front and center in his life and the revolution that he led? In 2001 the CBS recorded only nine groups in the caste-origin Hill Hindu groups. Naturally, when restrictions were placed upon the choice of occupations, the so-called ‘untouchables’ rebelled. Usually, people from the same caste have the same Gotra. The name Joshi means astrologer or light bringing in Sanskrit. Otherwise, why do the families and relatives of victims see the murderers carve their verdicts into the cold corpses of their loved ones? During colonial times, the Joshi would travel from place to place telling the fortunes of the other castes. Of the 332 Brahmin and Kshatriya judges, only 11 are women, a mere 3.31 percent. Sarita holds a master’s degree in Sociology and a Bachelor's degree in journalism and English literature from Tribhuvan University. Where a caste community is immune to all questions and where all the questions from another caste community are annihilated? Sarita is also the founder of the Darnal Award for Social Justice, and serves as a board member of SAMATA Foundation, a think tank that works for the rights and dignity of Nepal's Dalits. In the course of such struggles the Hindu society practiced violence against the ‘untouchables’. were Brahmins appointed by the state. list of newar caste in nepal November 6, 2020 0 Comments But despite of having small population, Newar people have great impact in Nepali society. The Core of the Caste System and Preferential Rights, Caste is as bewildering as it is easy to understand. Where the oppressor sees suicide, the victim sees murder. The case of Newār is exceptional. The historian Dr. Rajesh Gautam cites Dharma Ratna Yami, ‘Dasharath Chand and Dharma Bhakta Mathema were candidates for the presidency of the Praja Parishad. Is it possible for a Brahmin to become a revolutionary while maintaining all the trappings of brahminical caste? ANI | … I don’t remember if she shared food or shelter with the villagers. She did her schooling from Vijayapur Higher Secondary School Dharan, Nepal and Dharan Higher Secondary School, Nepal. The series depicted the lives and struggle of ordinary Dalits in Nepal. The chief royal priest Prayag Raj and hundreds of Brahmins were on one side while Joshi was their sole opponent. How many more violent or non-violent struggles will be necessary? Unlike the traditional Hindu caste systems prevalent in Khas and Madhesi societies, the existence of Buddhist "ex-monks" from ancient times in the Kathmandu Valley added a "double-headed" element to the Newar caste system. This group not only presents the complicated social structure among all groups in Nepal, truly reflecting the model of four Hindu varna categories but is also clearly divided into two distinct religious groups: the Hindu and the Buddhist. A study of modern history shows that the tradition of appointing justices and judges according to their birth and caste hasn’t changed much at all. This event illustrates how the Hindu state punishes with caste debasement anybody who dared to question or think. In light of this incident, it appears as if the humiliation of caste debasement is a worse fate than that of a death sentence in the ‘beautiful, peaceful and vast Nepal’. Madhav Raj was the father of Shukra Raj Shashtri. In the beginning, the word, denoted color, whereas now it denotes race.’, The ruling class of that time imposed division of labor as an insurmountable structure by forcing a particular nature of labor upon a particular lineage. For other uses, see. Please write to us at, https://www.recordnepal.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/Old-Weight-of-Caste-FINAL_v02_small.mp3, Strong opposition the only hope as the Oli govt surrenders to the coronavirus, What we talk about when we talk about history, The Making of the Gorkha Empire: Part III – Dominance and Hegemony, Apex court offers two options to the Oli govt: ensure free Covid testing or face action. This classification is based on social occupation, endogamy, social class, and social group. This was about 17% of all the recorded Joshi's in the USA. Ajit Mijar’s cold corpse awaits – on a slab of ice at the Tribhuwan University Teaching Hospital – the justice denied to him. The ruling class of that time imposed division of labor as an insurmountable structure by forcing a particular nature of labor upon a particular lineage. I would be hungry, of course, but I would rarely admit to being hungry because whereas I could tolerate hunger, I couldn’t tolerate humiliation. In that sense, the ‘suicide’ of Ajit Mijar, the attempted suicide of Buddhamaya Bishwokarma, the rape and murder of Maya BK and the slaughter of Mana Sarki are no longer murder, since they have the approval of the scriptures and the state. Caste is firmly transfixed through Nepali society and politics, like an iron stake. He established the Nepal chapter of Arya Samaj in 1896. The indigenous people who were defeated in war were enslaved while the victorious Aryas became the slave-owners. Is there a worse and more degraded death for a ‘pure’ and ‘clean’ person to be subjected to an ‘impure’ and ‘unclean’ death? Newars are divided internally into distinct cult… In the course of such struggles the Hindu society practiced violence against the ‘untouchables’. Georgia and 1 other state had the highest population of Joshi families in 1920. Today, it is most commonly associated with the Indian caste system and the Varna in Hinduism. The revolutionary leader who submitted before the state and before caste later became the prime minister of the counter – apparently, caste is also the source of state power. Because his ideas challenged the hegemony enjoyed by the royal priests and Brahmins, they deemed his ideas dangerous. We have enlisted the Nepali Surnames. I am constantly startled by questions about how this structure have instituted a regime of violence and humiliation in my life and the lives of people like me. Naturally, when restrictions were placed upon the choice of occupations, the so-called ‘untouchables’ rebelled. Therefore, according to the civil rights lawyer and writer Michelle Alexander, ‘Earlier, the ‘caste system’ existed in the guise of discriminatory Jim Crow laws and slavery, whereas now the same system has been employed to commonly imprison African Americans. Such ‘criminal records’ become the basis for a lifetime of legal discrimination against African Americans. They are the indigenous people of the Kathmandu valley the and its surrounding areas in Nepal and the creators of its historic civilization. Naman Mishra is an actor mainly works in Telugu, Tamil Film industry. Dr Joshi -- who has been studying Nepalese meat-marketing practices since 1989 and the presence of echinococcisis and hydatidosis in Kathmandu since 1991 -- reports that the ongoing work to understand the conditions in Wards 19 and 20 has prompted Nepal's government to formulate and approve a new Animal Slaughtering and Meat Inspection Act. They’ve killed my son. Even though DB Parihar had a command of English superior to that of BP Koirala, he wasn’t made the editor of the party publication of the Nepali Rashtriya Congress, established with the jailed Tanka Prasad Acharya as the chairperson. To be an ‘untouchable’ in the Hindu society is to be preemptively declared a criminal because they are condemned by the society without any fault of their own. Ajit’s lifeless body asks vital questions: If the last name had been Dhakal rather than Mijar, would he have been buried like this for being with the woman of his choice? His mother constantly dwells on the incident. In a caste society, the assignment of individuals to places in the social hierarchy is decided by birth or justified by custom. And I see – a blue-and-red checkered shirt, a face blackened as if some acid or some other chemical had been thrown on it to render it unrecognizable. Even today, the voices of those who ask similarly discomfiting questions or fail to show equivalent contemporary forms of deference are suppressed through various means. How does the same person simultaneously become Mijar and Dhakal – an untouchable and a Brahmin? The chief royal priest and the other Brahmins in attendance beat Joshi nearly to death with sticks, beating him all the way out of Singha Durbar, then proceeded to show him off to the entire city before throwing him in prison. There was an age when murder was necessary, but now, when lovers or spouses commit suicide out of their own volition, it is as if the wind sweeps away the trash, and all worries disappear! Those who dressed in rags now wear coat and pants like the upper castes. 1: A–M, Rosen Publishing, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Joshi&oldid=989317967, Pages using infobox name with unknown parameters, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 08:42. Joshi MR, Chalise HN, Khatiwada PP. There is a large crowd in this society of those who are engaged in the easy act of formulating ideas without active contemplation. And, the politics of myths has become the axis around which the notion that the Brahmin born from the head (of Brahma) is capable of thought and deliberation, is above the rest, is pure and has the ability to adjudicate according to scriptural laws while the dalit born from the soles of the feet of Brahma is incapable of thought and deliberation, is condemned to forever remain in the lowest stratum of society, and is impure and criminal in nature. When Brahmin men and women entered intimate relationships with persons from ‘lower’ castes, they lost their caste standing and were forced into exile. THE CONDITION OF DALIT WOMEN IN NEPAL: Health Condition: Lowest Life Expectancy • A very backward Dalit caste-the Mushar of Terai -has a life span of 42 years against the national average of 55 years. Perhaps my mother didn’t understand it either, but, even if she may have had little comprehension of the caste implications, according to my father, she had a strong sense of dignity. Didn’t Acharya – a revolutionary who had refused to submit to the tyrannical Rana rulers at any cost – reveal himself as brahminical when he bowed before the Ranas just because his caste had been temporarily debased? Joshi (Devanagari: जोशी) is a surname used by the Brahmins (caste) in India and Nepal. How was this caste system – which has created and sustained such a violent and degrading structure for thousands of years – created? Dalit women who were obsequious in the past have now reaches positions from where they write legislation, can look people in the eye and hold conversations. UNICEF Communication Specialist Rupa Joshi has been working with the marginalized communities of Nepal for many years. The most common Newari surnames could be Shrestha, Manandhar, Shakya etc but you might be surprised to know there are more than 115 surnames in this caste. Therefore, while Rājopādhyāya Brahmins occupy the highest social position in the Hindu side, the Vajracharya (or Guru/Gu-Bhajus) form the head among the Buddhists. Therefore, some people have to be hanged when they choose to love across caste lines, some have to be buried when they marry across caste lines, and some have to be put on cold ice for 748 days. Today some Joshi still are employed as astrologers. But, in The Caste System and Class Struggle in Nepal Ahuti says, ‘Five thousand years ago, fair-skinned Aryas from Europe entered what is today Iran. The skin of the victorious Arya was fair while that of the vanquished was black, red or yellow. Caste is as bewildering as it is easy to understand. Of the judges passing presiding over these cases, 76 percent of the 34 District Court judges, 69 percent of the 67 Appellate Court judges and 62 percent of the 34 Supreme Court judges are hill Brahmins. “The bad thing was it created a basis for discrimination. Therefore, it was established that he had committed suicide. The skin of the victorious Arya was fair while that of the vanquished was black, red or yellow. How is it that in the same group of individuals willing to give up their lives for democracy some had the luxury of being granted life while others were forced to die? In that sense, the ‘suicide’ of Ajit Mijar, the attempted suicide of Buddhamaya Bishwokarma, the rape and murder of Maya BK and the slaughter of Mana Sarki are no longer murder, since they have the approval of the scriptures and the state. Joshi was wearing the white clothes of a person in mourning. The scholar Gopal Guru, who has theorized the notion of humiliation, says, ‘Humiliation is not so much a physical or corporeal injury; in fact, it is more of a mental/psychological injury that leaves a permanent scar on the heart.’ His argument is that when a person is wounded morally and mentally and they are debased culturally they become inculcated with the sense that they are naturally of a lower and lesser order. Perhaps it wasn’t possible to dig much deeper while burying a body by the road to Dhading; in any case, the corpse wasn’t buried much below the surface. Is it undemocratic to raise such a question about somebody who fought for democracy? Unlike other children, Joshi was spiritually inclined, generous, humble and ethical by nature from very tender age. Examine the history of individuals and institutions and you will find the pitiable cries of those crushed under the weight of caste. She says that caste hierarchy and gender hierarchy are the organizing principles of brahminical social system and they are interrelated. If the members of the society and other political prisoners hadn’t behaved as if Acharya’s caste had been debased, perhaps Acharya wouldn’t have bowed before the Ranas.’ This comment perhaps means that a revolutionary should have the opportunity to regain his caste, even if that requires him to submit to his oppressor. The Joshi family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1851 and 1920. Kashinath Joshi was Born in an aristocratic family in Joginiya village of Saptari district on 26 th April, 1940. In 1920 there were 2 Joshi families living in Georgia. According to Shivahari Gyawali, who has studied cases related to accusation of cow slaughter, in the fiscal year 2017 there were 34 cases related to cow slaughter at the Supreme Court with 43 defendants. It can be found in From India’s Freedom to Nepal’s Democracy: Memoirs of DB Parihar edited by Shankar Tiwari. Impact of caste discrimination. Ignorance, absolute poverty, caste and gender discrimination can be considered as the explanation for such statistics. ‘If your father was a Dhakal, how did you become a Mijar?’, He says, ‘I don’t know what it is – they say it is an old tradition. The history of Madhav Raj Joshi contains some straightforward answers to these questions. However, Nepal being a Hindu nation, it was decided that brahmins and cows were unassailable, therefore Tanka Prasad Acharya was elected the president after a lot of discussion.’. Full list of family names of hilly, himalayas, terai, madhesh regions. Given below is a list of Gotra and Thari in Nepal… Of the people condemned to death under various reasons Dalits and other minorities make up 93.5 percent. The rebel’s weapon is the proof of his humanity.’  Jean Paul Sartre, in the preface to Franz Fanon’s The Wretched of the Earth. It is as if they have priority rights over the death penalty. The book brings to attention  the neglected history of Dalit’s lives in Nepal. The family of Ajit Mijar Dhakal – whose death was deemed a suicide – are witnesses to a similarly ugly history. Thus, when a civilized body is treated with hatred as if it is a debased body the distinction between human rights and humiliation becomes stark. Joshi is a common family name in Delhi, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Goa and Uttar Pradeshin India a… Caste is broader term used to represent certain group of people like – poudel, basnet, neupane, khadka, shrestha etc. Joshi MR. In many cases people get confused in Caste and Gotra. edited by Shankar Tiwari. Note that it is not always true- there are few exceptions. Perhaps it is because the caste system is the most complex and layered organization. leaves. Her zodiac sign is Aquarius. Perhaps it is because the caste system is the most complex and layered organization. This fact is reflected not only in the views of Dalit politicians but also in the grammar used by Brahmins. There is a danger of writers and intellectuals in such a society falling into the easy act of ideas without contemplation. Dr. Rajesh Gautam mentions how Joshi’s sons Amar Raj and Shukra Raj were expelled from the Durbar High School and had their castes debased. The Newar caste system is the system by which Newars, the historical inhabitants of Kathmandu Valley, are divided into groups on the basis of Vedic varna model and divided according to their hereditary occupations. But Ajit Mijar’s corpse hadn’t been buried even as deep as the carcass of an animal. Caste Debasement: The Guillotine of Humiliation. Joshi caste name could indicate the type of work people belonging to the Joshi caste do or did in earlier times. For instance, Brahmins and Kshatriyas have the biggest share of the Nepali power structure, but even women from the same community have a much smaller share of it. The name is popularly derived from the Sanskrit word Jyotisha (Sanskrit: ज्योतिष, IAST: Jyotiṣa), referring to Vedic Astrology and astronomy; in turn, Jyotisha is derived from Jyotish ("light bringer or reflect light like sun"). How can we not feel resentment at this failure? In the Indian Subcontinent there were people of the Austro-Dravidian origin with black, red and yellow skins. It is easy to see that there is a long sociological history behind the negligible representation of Dalits in the judicial system. Joshi is also sometimes spelled as Jyoshi. Later, the division of labor was fixed as a matter of birth in order to make the practice of violence unnecessary. Sorrysa Joshi is a Nepali young girl who made comedy videos on Tik Tok with her mother and friends. But they’ve always kept us among the untouchables.’, My hands become damp with sweat as I listen to him. The Progress Scale is derived from people group values for percent Evangelical and percent Christian Adherent. The loss or debasement of caste is the greatest insult or humiliation within the Hindu society. The extent of violence and humiliation inherent in the patriarchy that maintains castes like Brahmins, Kshatriyas and Vaishyas and keeps caste central to itself is experienced in the Nepali society every day. My father was a Dhakal, and my mother a Mijar. Joshi appears as a surname most commonly in the Brahmin caste of Hindus in India and … For the common Nepali the caste system is something instituted by the gods, and defiance of this tradition bars their passage into the heavens in the afterlife. 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