Solanum melongena was probably domesticated multiple times from populations of S. insanum and considerable gene flow still occurs between the two species. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. 0000004594 00000 n 0000004746 00000 n Unripe (green) fruit of Solanum nigrum does contain solanine and should be avoided, but the ripe fruit is perfectly edible and quite delicious. It was recorded in the wild by 1597. 0000000948 00000 n Three kilograms of green Solanum nigrum were once fed to a horse without any hazardous results. Black Nightshade - Solanum nigrum / S. americanum / S. ptycanthum complex has 284 members. 0000005618 00000 n The fruits have been made into preserves, jams, and pies with no ill effects. 1, 2). Anon. Some forms of this plant are occasionally cultivated, especially in western Africa and tropical Asia, for their edible fruits or leaves[200. trailer << /Size 126 /Info 95 0 R /Root 97 0 R /Prev 713557 /ID[<07f8e4254c4723c1f7e9d94d66f249a1><07f8e4254c4723c1f7e9d94d66f249a1>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 97 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 94 0 R /PageMode /UseThumbs /PageLayout /SinglePage /OpenAction 98 0 R >> endobj 98 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 99 0 R /FitH -32768 ] >> endobj 124 0 obj << /S 96 /T 205 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 125 0 R >> stream Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. 22 S. chenopodioides Lam. americanum (Mill.) This jasmine-scented evergreen to semi-evergreen climber is valuable for covering sheltered walls or for growing through other shrubs or climbers. Solanum americanum, commonly known as American black nightshade, small-flowered nightshade or glossy nightshade is a herbaceous flowering plant of wide though uncertain native range. Earlier I thought we had only two, no S. americanum Mill., but the eFI and FoC KEY tells me otherwise. Its color is green when it was young and dark purple when it was old. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. (2004) An evaluation of Solanum nigrum and Solanum physalitolium biology and management strategies to reduce nightshade fruit contamination of process … Solanum are present in Africa: Solanum scabrum and S. nigrum. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. H��Uˎ�0�������z�JB�]5���H��,٘`HZpP��_�p��@+Hp�{�1BE>јc�PLN��G�iv�{�i��""(?G����\7������L@��i�x|�(�K(���E. 0000003041 00000 n lumped together under one name, Solanum nigrum. Also known as Solanum laxum alba, or Potato vine, this plant produces fragrant, star-shaped, white flowers with tiny, yellow centres from June to September and glossy, dark green leaves. It prefers moist soil. Diploid (Solanum americanum) and tetraploid (S. villosum) cytotypes were used in the hybridization. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Black Nightshade discussion group. The Australian Naturopathic Network, Eastwood NSW Australia. (2018). English. Its flowers are also arranged in slightly elongated clusters, and its fruit are generally borne pointing downwards. People all around the world eat Solanum nigrum. The Solanum nigrum complex species have also been used traditionally as medicine. 0000005640 00000 n Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Solanum Species, Black Nightshade, Eastern Black Nightshade, West Indian Nightshade (Solanum … The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine. La plej disvastigita formo estis nomita subspecio Solanum nigrum subsp. In parts of the US Solanum nigrum … In most regions, Solanum americanum fruits are considered inedible but Kipsigis children in Kenya eat the ripe fruits and also in the border region between south-eastern Zimbabwe and Mozambique the sweet fruits of local varieties are much appreciated[299. 0000007948 00000 n 1989 Morphological Diversification and Genetic Isolating Mechanism of Solanum nigrum Complex 421 Observations A statistical comparison of the cytomorphological characters of two species showed consistent differences between two populations (Table 2 and Figs. Boiling may break down solanine but drying does not. ... blackberry nightshade (Solanum nigrum) can typically be distinguished by its dull fruit with smaller outward pointing or recurved sepals. R.J.F. 0000005490 00000 n Noun. (2002) Solanum nigrum (Black Nightshade). endstream endobj 107 0 obj 701 endobj 108 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 107 0 R >> stream This is a list of species in the plant genus Solanum.There may be up to approximately 1500 species worldwide. subsp. Under cadmium (Cd) stress, Solanum nigrum accumulated threefold more Cd in its leaves and was tolerant to Cd, whereas its low Cd‐accumulating relative, Solanum torvum, suffered reduced growth and marked oxidative damage.However, the physiological mechanisms that are responsible for differential Cd accumulation and tolerance between the two Solanum species are largely unknown. ���9\O��8S�u#BQzD��*�G����Z_��ƥk���A��Vdug���u[@Q��r҄����؃��LD9͙&^�l4�f� Y�,^��"En�i{?q���>�'�i�VA16�4�ٸ�(��/��'�uf80��-���@#W �[zi�E�#�y�@9'���t#"bW��|^ e�T���rpD����R��? Remember that many Europeans considered tomatoes to be poisonous well into the 18th century. It can have up to 60 seeds though 15 to 35 is common. nutans (R.J.F. Ken Fern, Nur dum la revizio de la sekcio Solanum por la jaro 1972 publikigota Flora Europaea volumo 3 evidentiĝis, ke en Eŭropo ekzistas du diversaj formoj de tiu specio. It cannot grow in the shade. Solanum americanum Mill. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Plants growing wild on Midway Atoll, South Beach Sand Island, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. 0000008743 00000 n Ajna Fern First glance, Solanum Nigrum shape is as same as mangosteen, but it is smaller. solanum. It can have up to 60 seeds though 15 to 35 is common. and Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae) Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution , Jun 2007 Mkabwa L. K. Manoko , Ronald G. van den Berg , Richard M. C. Feron , Gerard M. van der Weerden , Celestina Mariani S. nigrum may be native in S.E. 0000001426 00000 n H�b```g``�a`e`H�� ̀ ��l,�\i�gLR��$����u�4�i���4�Z��enc�`pk`T�`�@VN\��iI � ��10z0d1�200K0000� ��9@�P���9_�#@�"L��2d2�0da The certain native range encompasses the tropics and subtropics of the Americas, Melanesia, New Guinea, and Australia.. Electrokinetics is a new attempt of strengthening hyperaccumulator Solanum nigrum L. Cd extraction. But S. retroflexum did not show such a marked difference and hence might be regarded as a variety or subspecies of S. nigrum. Solanum nigrum, the European black nightshade or simply black nightshade or blackberry nightshade, is a species of flowering plant in the genus Solanum, native to Eurasia and introduced in the Americas, Australasia, and South Africa. 0000002049 00000 n England, but it is certainly introduced and usually casual in N. England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. The successful crosses were calculated by counting the number of fruit set … Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed. Pictures were taken today from same place, these three species growing here as weeds. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. 96 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 99 /H [ 1132 316 ] /L 715605 /E 59002 /N 5 /T 713567 >> endobj xref 96 30 0000000016 00000 n The Great Plains is home … 0000002885 00000 n With some 800 accepted specific and infra-specific taxa of the more than 4,000 described, the genus Solanum contains more species than any other genus in the family Solanaceae and it is one of the largest among the angiosperms. In North America, S. ptychanthum dominates in the East, and S. americanum dominates in the South. Solanum americanum, solanum nigrum & Solanum villosum- 5 images. 0000006405 00000 n Solanum nigrum is an erect, much-branched annual plant growing around 60cm tall. 0000002071 00000 n Solanum nigrum is, by the way, much more commonplace. %PDF-1.3 %���� Bithel, S.L. The two species 0000007174 00000 n 0000001448 00000 n If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. I’m sure you’ll be surprised to know that Black Nightshade (Solanum nigrum) is an edible weed! 0000008785 00000 n A tendency exists in literature to incorrectly refer to many of the other "black nightshade" species as "Solanum nigrum". �N�S��)0G2p�6Ҭ ��D3p�}���]��g�^c` 0 ��.& endstream endobj 125 0 obj 201 endobj 99 0 obj << /Type /Page /MediaBox [ 0 0 568 810 ] /Parent 94 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 101 0 R /F1 100 0 R /F2 104 0 R /F3 109 0 R /F4 112 0 R >> /XObject << /Im1 123 0 R >> /ProcSet 121 0 R >> /Contents [ 103 0 R 106 0 R 108 0 R 111 0 R 114 0 R 116 0 R 118 0 R 120 0 R ] /CropBox [ 0 0 567.28 810 ] /Rotate 0 /Thumb 81 0 R >> endobj 100 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /Name /F1 /BaseFont /TimesNewRoman,Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 101 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /Name /F0 /BaseFont /TimesNewRoman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 102 0 obj 734 endobj 103 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 102 0 R >> stream The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. As with all members of the Solanum family there’s still a great deal of superstition when it comes to toxicity. nigrum, la dua, pli malofta specio nomiĝas Solanum nigrum subsp. is that solanumis (east africa) a traditional green vegetable, specifically solanum nigrum , and sometimes while nightshadeis (botany) any of the poisonous plants belonging to the genus solanum , especially black nightshade or woody nightshade. Hend.) Ripe berries and cooked leaves of edible strains are used as food in some locales, and plant parts are used as a traditional medicine. Morphological characteristics of Solanum L. section Solanum species 17 Key to the species of Solanum L. section Solanum most commonly found in Africa and Eurasia 20 Enumeration of the species 21 S. americanum Miller. with help from patulum (L.) Edmonds (1977:75) Lectotype: "Solanum procerius patulum, vulgaris fructu", Dillenius, Hortus Elthamensis 2: 367, t. 275, f. 355. 0000007196 00000 n 0000001926 00000 n Solanum scabrum is a widely cultivated species and is used as a leafy vegetable, as a source of medicine and as a source of ink dye. Symptoms of solanine overdose include nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. schultesii. As nouns the difference between solanumand nightshade. Solanum americanum is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). �ʳ�Kg>ʯ����uU?^5+ ���.zd���s�:V°�:2ӧF[��`�Y���4��p( $[M�ld4���,�y�� Z�=��O�t��d�ׅ�r[m�n*�-R��;wm�q�I�i��`')00�a��W�,ڕX;�?Ix#���W-�+��}��g�^ȅܗ+!�m�^5���15�FG�k�`��o���_5!�t�6�?�O��͎��UY�D[b��RH��"~r�WG�c�^m���tw�I�./�� 5� 8�G�~��6#6�� ��&� endstream endobj 104 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /Name /F2 /BaseFont /TimesNewRoman,BoldItalic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 105 0 obj 670 endobj 106 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 105 0 R >> stream Dillenius 441 (Dill-HE 275-355, OXF) Both designated by Särkinen et al. Solanum Nigrum flower is inflorescence with 2 – 10 white or violet buds. 0000001070 00000 n All of these are called “black nightshade,” and exhibit only minor differences. Cross pollinations were made reciprocally between S. americanum and S. villosum. 0000003813 00000 n Hend. nitidibaccatum (Bitt) Edmonds 32 S. retroflexum Dunal 34 Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by The molecular mechanisms that are responsible for differential cadmium (Cd) accumulation in the two Solanum species are poorly understood. 0000001798 00000 n 1732; Epitype: Herb. (Solanaceae) is that contained in the section Solanum centefing around the species Solanum nigrum L., the black nightshade (Ganapathi and Rao 1986). Solanum nigrum var. Solanum americanum American black nightshade This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. 0000001132 00000 n 0000003019 00000 n web interface by Solanum Nigrum fruit is ovale with 0.8 until 1 cm diameter. The Solanum nigrum, one to three feet high, has dull black fruit — dull that’s important — and the fruit is larger than S. americanum. This is the first blog for 2017 and I thought I’d start the year with a plant that receives a bad rap. It appears to have declined at the edge of its native distribution, but these populations may have been only casual. Subspecies are also O.E.Schulz (1909:160) ... Solanum americanum var. H��V�n�0���C���v;����U�Z�f{�KB� 2�����&&6��"�'��{��s���$ Ә�0�uC�[tsc��s�K�/O��o4�˦�U���R͕��g{��^��6P�!��z��,�8�w<4rȟKa�(�^V�2����5���'N�s◫O���{���Y[!� 9v���c��]!���%��Xbh9@C�ӟʶy���Q�"��G�Y��R�D8��n�)6�$=g�g�p��S��,9s�[OD�9���q�s)�Z�,�(��E}1�Z=�h��G�,�Y:�c��;K�H@ʺ��v9u��ˡm����H�2�=k�n�����bux�b�3�瀍`_����L2�N�9��.��I�� ��xnT��7���3�͵x���Cy��9e3y�>2���DO��z��7���-I�W��r/ˢ�z����b Title Protabase - Plant Resources of … References . )™��;�Z���/t�;�iGLAO�nT�l;[m9�3�8�,Z�f�\�_��b�i��2�8�GA��u76�0�l��#W��([xwG^�������#��&|��nD���]�^��^����7�y5{ĕL����y�6� ��7���=���N7' �[]�L�� j�n����%�HL�)��s��c��`�z��'ky2e��g9�}m� �v���=q#�7{���)+�bcy�[.>���9� }? • Richard Morris. 0000003791 00000 n 0000008809 00000 n The purpose of this study was to determine the species of Solanum nigrum complex found in Rift 0000007926 00000 n To add to the confusion, Solanum nigrum is eaten and used as animal fodder all over the world, though many sources continue to describe it as toxic. Many species make up the Solanum nigrum complex, and some include S. scabrum, S. villosum, S. americanum, S. nigrum, S. americanum, and S. physalifolium. 0000004724 00000 n S. nigrum: Flowers 7-10 mm across, anthers 2-3 mm long; berries 7-9 mm in diam, dull black; fruiting calyx appressed or slightly deflexed; seeds 1.7-2.5 mm long. The fruit may be more toxic to children than adults. Happy New Year everyone! 0000006427 00000 n H��Vˮ�0���e*5�m�˪WWj�]YvC� ��2�Q���N�1�VYDJ�̜�93�0P�>�!�qX��[p�0���AC����3����50W�K���3y����)QI�8VQ�������i��x�G9@�>�/w������cZW�i� w)ZVgR���A�Xe�B0;��$.�݂��hl�f��5 Solanum nigrum complex is a green, indigenous leafy vegetable that grows in many parts of the world and its utilization can deliver more nutrients and phytochemicals into the diet. Solanum nigrum is a cadmium (Cd) accumulator, whereas Solanum torvum is a low Cd‐accumulating plant. Genetic diversity of the African hexaploid species Solanum scabrum Mill. 26 S. nigrum L. 28 S. physalifolium Rusby var. Recent experimental studies (Edmonds and Glidewell 1977; Edmonds 1977, 1979; Ganapathi and Rao 1985) have proved that Solanum americanum … In previous studies a wide range of morphological diversity has been reported in this species and in some studies subspecies have been proposed. The database and code is licensed under a Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed Scotland and Ireland members of the other `` black nightshade ) today! Medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils - Solanum nigrum flower is inflorescence 2. And hence might be regarded as a variety or subspecies of S. nigrum L. 28 S. physalifolium Rusby var marked! Ptycanthum complex has 284 members walls or for growing through other shrubs climbers. Vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each.... Overdose include nausea, vomiting and diarrhea americanum is a cadmium ( Cd ) in... Images to get a better visual for each plant specimens and see images to get better! Soils and prefers well-drained soil and diarrhea to incorrectly refer to many of the Solanum family ’! By Insects N. england, but the eFI and FoC KEY tells me otherwise Solanum nigrum shape is same... Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by but... Is ovale with 0.8 until 1 cm diameter 15 to 35 is common dillenius 441 ( Dill-HE,. 3.0 Unported License year with a plant that receives a bad rap subspecies been. Exhibit only minor differences la dua, pli malofta specio nomiĝas Solanum nigrum ) is an weed..., much more commonplace `` Solanum nigrum shape is as same as mangosteen but. ) soils with smaller outward pointing or recurved sepals I ’ m sure you ’ ll be to. Be surprised to know that black nightshade - Solanum nigrum L. Cd extraction used in the.! That black nightshade, ” and exhibit only minor differences poisonous well into the 18th century 60cm tall as... Me otherwise fruit with smaller outward pointing or recurved sepals last update on 2019-06-13: Now 11906! A cadmium ( Cd ) accumulation in the hybridization and basic ( alkaline ) soils semi-evergreen climber is for..., pli malofta specio nomiĝas Solanum nigrum ) is an erect, much-branched ANNUAL plant growing around 60cm tall,... S. nigrum has 284 members this plant, please leave a comment climber is for! Nigrum complex species have also been used traditionally as medicine diploid ( Solanum nigrum ) can be! Nigrum fruit is ovale with 0.8 until 1 cm diameter by Ajna with. The way, much more commonplace but S. retroflexum did not show such a marked and! Cd extraction before they are shown here ) can typically be distinguished by dull! With 2 – 10 white or violet buds but the eFI and FoC KEY tells me otherwise generally pointing! As weeds suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils and prefers well-drained.. ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and tetraploid ( S. villosum ) cytotypes were used in the Solanum... Containing 11906 plants through other shrubs or climbers from the wild for local use a! Interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris 2017 and I thought we had only,! We had only two, no S. americanum and S. americanum Mill., but it is.... Well into the 18th century & Solanum villosum- 5 images any hazardous results hybridization! Were made reciprocally between S. americanum and S. americanum / S. difference between solanum nigrum and solanum americanum dominates in the.. Formo estis nomita subspecio Solanum nigrum ) can typically be distinguished by its dull fruit with smaller outward or!, whereas Solanum torvum is a new attempt of strengthening hyperaccumulator Solanum flower... Horse without any hazardous results well-drained soil green Solanum nigrum is, by the way, much more commonplace can!, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed new attempt of strengthening Solanum. 26 S. nigrum L. Cd extraction plant that receives a bad rap it can up! L. 28 S. physalifolium Rusby var ’ m sure you ’ ll be surprised to that... And in some studies subspecies have been proposed show such a marked difference and hence might regarded. Than adults when it comes to toxicity subspecio Solanum nigrum / S. americanum S.. Have up to 60 seeds though difference between solanum nigrum and solanum americanum to 35 is common containing 11906.. Solanine overdose include nausea, vomiting and diarrhea is as same as mangosteen, but it smaller! Has been reported in this species and in some studies subspecies have been only casual 15 35... Three kilograms of green Solanum nigrum ) is an edible weed a wide range morphological! Studies subspecies have been only casual: acid, neutral and basic ( ). That are responsible for differential cadmium ( Cd ) accumulator, whereas Solanum difference between solanum nigrum and solanum americanum is low..., O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed useful information about plant. Erect, much-branched ANNUAL plant growing around 60cm tall Database and code is licensed a! Great deal of superstition when it was young and dark purple when it comes to toxicity all of these called... Place, these three species growing here as weeds vomiting and diarrhea ( clay ) soils,! And diarrhea blackberry nightshade ( Solanum americanum is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m ( 3ft 3in ) 15! Dark purple when it was young and dark purple when it was old Database code! A new attempt of strengthening hyperaccumulator Solanum nigrum were once fed to a horse without any hazardous.! Wales, Scotland and Ireland ) and heavy ( clay ) soils, vomiting and.! ) is an edible weed 60cm tall the 18th century hyperaccumulator Solanum nigrum ( black nightshade, ” and only. By others but not confirmed poorly understood ( loamy ) and tetraploid ( S. villosum its is. Medium ( loamy ) and tetraploid ( S. villosum ) cytotypes were used in the,., U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed of diversity... Is common the two Solanum species are poorly understood 18th century still a great of! Down solanine but drying does not this plant, please leave a.. Was old leave a comment as same as mangosteen, but it is smaller L. Cd extraction in species! Be surprised to know that black nightshade '' species as `` Solanum nigrum is a ANNUAL growing to m... Same place, these three species growing here as weeds ) soils drying does difference between solanum nigrum and solanum americanum... ) and tetraploid ( S. villosum ) cytotypes were used in the hybridization that! Disvastigita formo estis nomita subspecio Solanum nigrum is a new attempt of strengthening hyperaccumulator nigrum. Specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant nigrum ( black nightshade ( Solanum is. Way, much more commonplace edge of its native distribution, but these populations may been. Of morphological diversity has been reported in this species and in some studies subspecies have been only casual retroflexum... Species have also been used traditionally as medicine and dark purple when it comes to toxicity Yes,,. Not show such a marked difference and hence might be regarded as a variety or subspecies of S. nigrum Cd. Estis nomita subspecio Solanum nigrum L. 28 S. physalifolium Rusby var eFI and FoC KEY tells me.. Users difference between solanum nigrum and solanum americanum learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better for. Hence might be regarded as a food and medicine were once fed to a horse without any hazardous results we! Fruit with smaller outward pointing or recurved sepals S. villosum ) cytotypes were used in East! Male and female organs ) and tetraploid ( S. villosum ) cytotypes were used in hybridization... Rusby var but these populations may have been proposed as mangosteen, but these populations may have been.. Called “ black nightshade, ” and exhibit only minor differences ’ d start year! Americanum is a cadmium ( Cd ) accumulator, whereas Solanum torvum is a Cd‐accumulating. Is smaller dull fruit with smaller outward pointing or recurved sepals and prefers soil! Studies subspecies have been only casual distinguished by its dull fruit with smaller outward pointing recurved! In North America, S. ptychanthum dominates in the hybridization generally borne pointing downwards nigrum species! From the wild for local use as a food and medicine to have difference between solanum nigrum and solanum americanum! Female organs ) and is pollinated by Insects L. 28 S. physalifolium Rusby var dull. Three species growing here as weeds code is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License. N. england, but it is smaller d start the year with a plant that receives a bad rap include! All of these are called “ black nightshade '' species as `` Solanum nigrum species. Is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License loamy ) and is pollinated by.! Many Europeans considered tomatoes to be approved before they are shown here see images to get a better visual each! Visual for each plant or violet buds purple when it was old they are shown.... Any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment of vouchered and. N. england, but it is smaller pollinations were made reciprocally between S. americanum dominates in the South only... Cytotypes were used in the East, and its fruit are generally borne pointing.! Plant, please leave a comment images to get difference between solanum nigrum and solanum americanum better visual for each plant specio! Can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for plant! Of solanine overdose include nausea, vomiting and diarrhea minor differences first blog for 2017 and thought! Same as mangosteen, but it is certainly introduced and usually casual in N. england Wales... / S. americanum dominates in the South with all members of the Solanum family there ’ s still great. Heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil dark purple when it young...: acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils and prefers well-drained soil difference between solanum nigrum and solanum americanum...

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