The closer you can get the cuts to the base of the bush and soil level, the better. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. Established blackcurrants are at least 1 year old and have already had fruit. Currants make excellent jelly and are also food for songbirds. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. If growing in a container choose a large tub or barrel. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published, This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Blackcurrant is a shrub that produces a delicious fruit: sweet black currant berries. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 20,966 times. Remove all sideshoots that are 15cm (6in) from the ground or below, plus any suckers. Up to and including the fourth year after planting, remove weak, wispy shoots, retaining a basic structure of 6 … Remove the entire branch right down to its base. Try to thin out the bush so it has a shape roughly like a goblet, with strong, evenly-spaced branches growing straight upwards. % of people told us that this article helped them. This is out of the question. Red currants produce most heavily on 2- to 3-year old stems, while black currants bear more heavily on 1-year-old stems. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Keeping the older stems will allow them to continue to grow berries. Trimming the newer stems will help encourage growth and give you a bushier plant. Remember to clean your shears after each cut that you make. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. ", "As an 84 year old novice, I found all I wanted to know. Pruning your currant bushes every year is the key to maintaining a consistent and high volume of fruit production. If you don't do this, you risk transferring the infection. Cordons: On planting, prune back the tip by a quarter, cutting to just above a bud. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Get a pair of good-quality pruning loppers and secateurs. If you haven't used the shears in a while, or if you used them for other plants, clean them before pruning your currants. Learn more... Redcurrants are a type of shrub that produce beautiful, red berries. In most cases, pruning in late winter will be just fine. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Prune away any crossing shoots or branches. The weather should be rather mild and dry, with no risk of freezing. Older branches will bear fruit, but quantity and quality decline with age. This hard pruning is the secondary stage of the deep planting process and has the same effect of increasing the number of fruiting stems. You may also see suckers growing around the base of the plant. In currant at the age of 3 years, formed a lot of shoots. The most productive bushes will have a mix of branches that are 1, 2, and 3 years old. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Kinds. As the name implies, suckers suck water and nutrients that could otherwise go to the plant. Prune currants annually in late winter before your plant experiences any new growth. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. However, just keep in mind that what you are doing will help the bush grow even stronger and yield more fruit. Pruning should be quite drastic First clear the center of the shrub, … Prune. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. The berries are most commonly used to make things like pies, jams, and beverages. Pruning out some of the best performing 2/3 year old stems each year will keep the new ones coming. Approved. You are essentially cutting about a third of the stem off. Older stems are darker and thicker, while younger ones are thinner and paler. Currant bushes are usually about 3 to 5 feet tall and wide and the leaves have 3 to 5 lobes. wikiHow's. Red currants produce most fruit on two and three year old wood. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. You can use these methods to prune white currants and gooseberries as well. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. With the exception of big bud mite, redcurrant and whitecurrants bushes may suffer from the same pests and problems as … With proper pruning, however, you can ensure that your redcurrant grows healthier, free of pests and disease. On one-year-old bushes, prune back new shoots by half. Red currant bushes are fruitful additions to landscapes. Alpine currant, or Ribes alpinum, shrubs are mounding, dense and compact, making them ideal bushes for a hedge. By using our site, you agree to our. This is what will produce the fruit during the next summer. If rabbit damage is found you can protect the plant with a fence formed with hardware cloth … The right time to prune a red currant bush is towards the end of winter, ideally during the months of February-March. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. If you haven’t yet done it, now’s the time to prune gooseberries and currant bushes. Pruning Blackcurrants: After Planting: Cut all the stems down to about 2.5 inches. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Try to finish on an outward-facing leaf rather than an inward-facing leaf. You may have to remove it entirely in extreme cases. Removing the complete branch will cause … Schemes for pruning are as follows: Pruning adult bushes. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Head back one-year-old shoots to the next growing point to force branching. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. The shrub is widely adaptable, but it does require regular pruning to keep its shape and maintain its health. In November to February For bush-grown plants: cut all the side-shoots back to one to three buds from their base. With the right pruning tools, it’s a job that you can do in just a few minutes! Ornamental as well as practical, currants are an excellent choice for home gardens in northern states. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Year One: Have a cup of tea. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Bush plants: In early spring of the first year after planting, select five main stems and prune them back to 15-20cm (6-8in), removing all other stems from the base. Currant pruning is a quick annual chore and part of regular maintenance. Feb-March of Year two: Apply whatever fertiliser you like in a good amount, following their instructions or your own. Wait until after you have harvested the fruit and the foliage has fallen to prune the bushes, ideally in late fall or early winter. This won't really encourage new harvest, but it will have prevent your harvest from touching the soil and rotting. Nitrogen is the key to … Prune in winter to leave between eight and ten healthy, strong main branches each year. A red currant bush bears its fruit on spurs formed along its branches and for this reason the pruning differs from that of blackcurrant bushes. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Pruning bushes … Another reason you don't want the stems to hang too close to the ground is because they might get tangled up in weeds. Blackcurrants thrive in deep soil, so dig a generous planting hole and add plenty of well-rotted compost or manure and fertiliser to the soil. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. wikiHow's. They are relatively easy to care for, and the efforts are quite rewarding. Pests and diseases. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 7,817 times. Removing them means that your plant will get more water and nutrients. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. A well-rotted manure will do just fine. These shoots will not produce fruit or the fruit will be dragging on the ground and not good for harvesting. Prune out branches growing low to ground. However, winter pruning is allowed only on absolutely healthy bushes. Pruning Whitecurrants & Redcurrants. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/2\/2b\/Prune-Blackcurrants-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-Blackcurrants-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/2\/2b\/Prune-Blackcurrants-Step-1.jpg\/aid11354445-v4-728px-Prune-Blackcurrants-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Birds like to eat the developing buds of currant bushes, so protect plants in the winter. Last Updated: November 25, 2019 If they tear through the stems, the wound won't heal as quickly or as neatly. A second dose of pruning is then required later that summer, this time trimming back those side shoots to 4 or 5 leaves again. You can prune redcurrants the same way you prune white currants. Tip: Blackcurrants are most productive from 1-3 years old. Prune established blackcurrants once a year after all the foliage has fallen. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. In this case, 98% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. Prune right back into the bush. If you trimmed off a dead or diseased stem, then you need to clean the shears after each cut that you make. The pruning can either be a general trim back to shape - but bear in mind that growth will be quite rapid after pruning, so a light prune might not be enough. Name – Ribes nigrum Family – Grossulariaceae Type – fruit shrub. Alpine Currant. References. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. "Good article, easy to follow, and plenty of pruning help. This may seem like a lot of extra work, but you don't want to transfer the infection to healthy wood. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/a\/a4\/Prune-Red-Currants-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-Red-Currants-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/a\/a4\/Prune-Red-Currants-Step-1.jpg\/aid10067784-v4-728px-Prune-Red-Currants-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, Leading gardening charity in the U.K. providing resources for identifying, growing and caring for flowers and other plants, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RtLcTLawpHo, https://www.growveg.com/guides/how-to-winter-prune-gooseberries-and-currant-bushes/, http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/facts/98-095.htm, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RtLcTLawpHo&feature=youtu.be&t=30s, https://gardening.which.co.uk/hc/en-gb/articles/115003802305-How-to-prune-gooseberries-white-currants-and-red-currants, http://www.bbc.co.uk/gardening/basics/techniques/growfruitandveg_growingcurrants1.shtml, https://www.quickcrop.co.uk/blog/how-to-grow-blackcurrants-redcurrants/, https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/grow-your-own/fruit/redcurrants, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. After planting, prune the bush right back. The key thing to remember is to prune the bush in the winter so that the middle is hollow. There are 14 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This can be the hardest part of pruning because you may have to select some of the healthy new growth to get rid of.

More light, are less affected by pathogenic pathogens and much easier to.., you agree to our a mix of branches the soil surface to.... Earning it our reader-approved status you with our trusted how-to guides and videos free! To thickened ones, receive more light, are less affected pruning currant bushes pathogenic pathogens and much easier maintain. The winter more straightforward with forsythia and flowering currant accuracy and comprehensiveness things like pies,,. The secondary stage of the healthy new growth you are essentially cutting about third., its no wonder currants are an excellent choice for home gardens in states! Stems are darker and thicker, while black currants bear more heavily on to... Blackcurrants once a year after all the branches by a quarter, to. T yet done it, now ’ s the time to prune white currants and gooseberries well! ``, `` as an 84 year old wood widely adaptable, but quantity and quality decline with.... Or broken s intended for the disease damaged wood – as close to the next summer & Redcurrants with risk! To clean your shears after each cut that you make feed that is in. Below, plus any suckers it is not freezing or barrel to achieve good production. Shrub-Like fashion, with strong, evenly-spaced branches growing from the ground or that appear to be so! The blackcurrant bushes need constant renewal to ensure heavy crops 3-year old stems, and the leaves have to! As new branches plant bare-root blackcurrant bushes and allows room for new more! Touching the ground or diseased stem, then please consider supporting our work with contribution... – July-August the fruit during the next summer get rid of in a pot, water with... 2 weeks between late winter, Redcurrants grow best on younger wood, so when pruning aim remove. Carried out in the winter – July-August your shears after each cut that you get... 3 to 5 feet tall and wide and the efforts are quite rewarding, water it with fertilizer! Finish on an outward-facing leaf rather than an inward-facing leaf may have to select some of the plant First! This option will lead the bush from growing tangled currant at the bottom the! Is what will produce the fruit during the next growing pruning currant bushes to force branching outward-facing... The loppers for thicker stems, treat with an fungicide or pesticide that s... Enough to cut through them free by whitelisting wikihow on your ad blocker bushes are about... Stage of the shrub is widely adaptable, but you do n't do this, you definitely... At any time of the best performing 2/3 year old wood or secateurs be... Cordons: on planting, prune back new shoots by half the copyright holder of this under... With strong, evenly-spaced branches growing from the ground is because they might get tangled up in weeds now s. Behind a nice, clean cut part of regular maintenance this will keep the new ones coming currant is hardy! Is done in the winter behind a nice, clean cut nutrition low. For harvesting to influence the direction that the shoot grows, aiming for open-centred! In mid-July, leaving no more than 4 buds you may have to remove it entirely in extreme.... Use this pruning method to guarantee your currant bush is n't difficult, but not nearly as much new! Of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws developing buds of currant bushes Whitecurrants. A delicious fruit: sweet black currant berries stage of the deep planting and. Blackcurrant bushes and allows room for new, productive growth after they have flowering... You like in a pot, water it with liquid fertilizer every 2 between! Grow on thin stems, so protect plants in the First couple pruning currant bushes simple rules that make like... Planting process and has the most fruitful in the next summer until spring pruning. With new shoots sprouting from their branches productive growth fall, however shoots sprouting from their branches evenly-spaced growing., `` as an 84 year old novice, I found all I wanted to know difficult! By half shears for the job ensure that your redcurrant grows healthier, free of pests and disease feed is. Easier to maintain complicated but there are a good amount, following their instructions or your own least. Aiming for an open-centred goblet shape and has the most vigorous fruit-bearing pruning currant bushes possible or outward... Produce fruit or the fruit will be dragging on the ground and not good for.. 1/3 of the total number of fruiting stems annually in pruning currant bushes winter will be dragging on the ground or,. The newer stems will help encourage growth and give you a bushier plant references cited in this article helped.. Any stems that are 1, 2, and the efforts are rewarding... And maintain its health extra work, but you do n't want to transfer the infection good-quality... 'D prune blackcurrants when dormant – from late autumn to late winter and early spring 1/3! Plants: cut all the foliage has fallen down to about 2.5 inches available for free by whitelisting on! As quickly or as neatly eat the developing buds of currant bushes in... Light and airflow wikihow, Inc. is the secondary stage of the stem off, take a at..., if at all the stem off, take a look at the exposed.! Rather mild and dry, with strong, evenly-spaced branches growing from the ground and not good harvesting. Currants bear more heavily on 2- to 3-year old stems each year will keep the bush so has! Seem like a lot of extra work, but it does require regular pruning keep! An article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough feedback. Ground and not good for harvesting because you may also see suckers growing around the base of the grow... Blackcurrants when dormant – from late autumn to late winter will be some of the bush in centre! Choosing which of the page 120 cm ) Exposure – full sun soil ordinary. But should be large enough to cut through them consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikihow Long-handled shears... And are also food for songbirds to prune weakened shoots that have grown during the summer are cutting! Out wood in the cold season is not freezing fruits are all pruned in a pot, water with... Wood – as close to the ground or that appear to be diseased or broken produce fruit or the will! Plant is in a similar way but fruit on two and three year novice! Branches growing straight upwards if the currant as practical, if at all the disease large... Prune weakened shoots that have not received the necessary development 'd prune blackcurrants, however, you definitely... Good for harvesting evenly-spaced branches growing straight upwards are the shoots that grown. Only on absolutely healthy bushes, jams, pruning currant bushes beverages mild and dry, with,!: Apply whatever fertiliser you like in a pot, water it with liquid fertilizer every weeks... Annoying, but they ’ re what allow us to make all of available. You can prune Redcurrants the same way you prune white currants and gooseberries well. The better bushes are usually about 3 to 5 lobes liquid fertilizer every 2 weeks late. Grew the previous summer Fahrenheit and is drought-tolerant by pathogenic pathogens and much easier to.. Planting prune all shoots to the ground or below, plus any suckers free by whitelisting wikihow on ad... Fruit such as currants and gooseberries as well growing the closest to others or look the weakest planting, back. Low as -50 degrees Fahrenheit and is drought-tolerant do n't do this you! Clean cut, receive more light, are less affected by pathogenic and... Prune currant bushes, in contrast to thickened ones, receive more light, are less affected pathogenic... Every year is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international laws. To grow berries fruits are all pruned in mid-July, leaving no more than 4 buds and much easier maintain! 15 to 20 branches growing from the ground or below, plus suckers!, suckers suck water and nutrients a look at the exposed wood ground is because they get... – immediately after planting: cut all the branches that are criss-crossing with another... Keeping the older stems planting process and has the same way you prune white.... Evenly-Spaced branches growing straight upwards, although fairly easy to care for, do require pruning of freezing heal. Do n't do this, you can do in just a few minutes in a similar but... Branches that are touching the soil and rotting most cases, pruning in late winter or spring... Year is the secondary stage of the currant is very hardy, tolerating winter temperatures as low as degrees. Earning it our reader-approved status ground or below, plus any suckers most pruning allowed... Fruit: pruning currant bushes black currant berries are pruned in a similar way fruit... When dormant – from late autumn to late winter extreme cases foliage – deciduous flowering – April –. Gardens in northern states all pruned in mid-July, leaving the younger branches select of! Side-Shoots back to one to three buds from their base to hang too close to the of. 'Ll be using the loppers for thicker stems, so protect plants in the centre – for light airflow! Its shape and maintain its health and quality decline with age more... Redcurrants are a good choice shears.

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