The Yangtze River, or Chang Jiang (Mandarin [ʈʂʰǎŋ tɕjáŋ]) is the langest river in Asie, an the third langest in the warld. [65], By early August, a thick layer of garbage covering 50,000 square metres (540,000 sq ft) and 60 centimetres (2.0 ft) deep, including tree branches, plastic bottles and domestic waste, had been swept into the reservoir since July and threatened to clog the shipping locks at the wall of the dam. However, government officials report that the threat of major flooding remains lower than in 1998, though some sections and lakes are approaching or have exceeded warning levels. The new landslide was about 300 metres (980 ft) wide, and buried 21 houses and 10 trucks. The weather forecast showed that there would be heavy rain or rainstorms in the coming days, so there may be another flash flood disaster. Reservoirs and dams are constructed for water storage, to reduce the risk of river flooding, and for the generation of power. This flood led to enormous economic loss, the displacement of 1 million people and the complete disruption of transportation and telecommunications. The largest city endangered by floods is Wuhan, Hubei province. But reports conclude that the flooding of 2010 was far more sever and widespread. [33], After experiencing severe drought, heavy rains triggered a landslide in Guizhou Province around 2:30 pm on June 28 that trapped 99 people in the village of Dazhai, Gangwu Township, Anshun. The death toll from the floods continued to rise,[28] as floodwaters began to recede in some areas by the end of June. Latest News: Filmed on 22nd August 2020 Hongya Cave, Chongqing, Venice in China. Flooding first started in June, and over 1,000,000 people were evacuated in the province since July,[69] a record for the province,[70] more than four million were affected. Ganwu received 257 millimetres (10.1 in) of rain on June 27, a record for the township,[34] and the resulting landslide lasted two minutes and unleashed up to 2 million cubic metres (2.6 million cu yd) of mud and rock, burying at least 37 buildings and homes in Dazhai. More than 7 million hectares of farmland were affected and 645,000 houses were destroyed. [26] A second peak in the river arrived at the dam on July 28,[60] when the peak flow from the dam was a record 56,000 m3/s. The 1931 China floods, or the 1931 Yangtze–Huai River floods, were a series of floods that occurred from June to August 1931 in the Republic of China, hitting major cities such as Wuhan, Nanjing and beyond, which eventually culminated into a dike breach along Lake Gaoyou on August 25, 1931.. On July 27, China Meteorological Administration published its 10-day weather forecast, which predicted moderate rain in the northern part of the North China Plain and northeast China, as well as southwest China and southeast coastal areas. Rapeseed and wheat had already been harvested when the excessive rain arrived in July and thus were not directly affected. [35] A total of 42 bodies were found by June 29, and the remaining 57 missing were presumed dead. Seven of the 25 medium and large reservoirs in Jilin City were forced to discharge, including Fengman Reservoir, the largest reservoir on the Songhua, at a rate of 4,500 cubic metres (160,000 cu ft). [80] The river's flow hit a peak of 27,000 m3/s on August 21, flooding 44 townships and causing 158 embankment breaches. [18], In Guanghan, a train travelling from Xi'an to Kunming along the Baoji-Chengdu Railway derailed after floods washed away a section of a bridge on August 19. [47][48], At least four million people have been affected in Anhui Province. [29], Eighty-five people died in Jilin Province,[68] and 71 went missing due to floods. On July 28, China's Three Gorges Dam was tested by the highest water flow of the year. As of July 28, floods in China this year had left 928 people dead and 477 missing. Very heavy rainfall in the mountainous areas of Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Hunan caused local rivers and reservoirs to swell to near-record levels, and this water has now flowed into the Yangtze river itself, threatening major downstream cities such as Wuhan (Hubei province). [65], By July 20, the Yangtze River at the Three Gorges Dam experienced its highest river discharge since the dam was built. At least 1,000 people were evacuated from the village in the aftermath of the landslide. The 2010 China floods began in early May 2010. The seven provinces located in the Yangtze river basin account for about 58 percent of China’s total rice output and 21 percent of total cotton output. Three soldiers of the People's Liberation Army in Jilin drowned after working to remove the barrels and control the flooding. [72] The Dahe Dam in Changshan Township, Huadian City was breached on July 28, spilling 4 million cubic metres (140 million cu ft) of water, destroying five villages downstream and leaving 40 people dead or missing. [29], In Puladi Township, Gongshan, a landslide in June killed 11 people at a hydropower station construction site. [60][61], In Mianzhu and Deyang, heavy rains started on August 12 and landslides hit on August 13, killing five people and trapping 500 more in an area devastated by the recent drought and the earthquake in 2008. Damages from the floods in the county exceeded 800 million yuan, equal to about 5.7 times the county government's revenue in 2009. This dataset illustrates the construction of dams in China's Yangtze River Basin from 1800-2010. [36] Chinese Vice Premier Hui Liangyu urged the use of all resources to rescue any survivors. Frequent flooding has claimed more than one million lives in the past 100 years. [1], Millions lacked drinking water. Water logging and lodging was reported in parts of southern Anhui, southern Jiangsu, and southern Henan provinces. The Yangtze River flooding primarily affected the provinces of Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Anhui, Jiangsu and Zhejiang. About 250,000 people in northeastern China were evacuated, including 94,000 in Dandong, where four people were killed and one missing[63] in Kuandian Manchu Autonomous County. The 2020 flood in China was the record for the entire history of observations. Rainfall in the Yangtze basin was near to above normal in the spring, but much above normal in the first 20 days of July. Recent urban floods have occurred in south China, especially Guangzhou city at the end of April 2010. Water levels in the Yangtze River and its tributaries reached the highest level since 1998, when catastrophic floods killed thousands of people in the region. A total of 1.36 million houses were destroyed[6][2] and more than 97,200 square kilometres (37,500 sq mi) of crops were inundated,[19] while 8,000 km2 (3,100 sq mi) of farmland had been completely destroyed by the end of June. The China Meteorological Administration said six to eight more typhoons are expected to land later this year. The scale of the rainfall and flooding this year has recalled the catastrophic 1998 Yangtze River floods in which 4,150 people died and 18 million were evacuated. A 347-metre-wide (1,138 ft) breach of the Changkai dike on the Fuhe River, which burst its banks on June 21 and again on June 23, in Luozhen Township, Fuzhou City, forced 1.32 million people to evacuate. Rainstorms Leave Yangtze River Cities Flooded as Rescue Effort Begins — Radio Free Asia Press Room The most recent major flood in 1998 causes 14 million homeless and $24 billion in economic losses (Yin et al. Property damage from landslides, flash floods, broken dikes, and rising water has been extensive. Direct economic losses had reached 142.2 billion yuan (20.88 billion U.S. dollars). The Three Gorges Dam on the upper Yangtze River has been very effective in controlling the river and preventing downstream flooding. A 24-hour monitoring system was set up on many reservoirs. The direct economic damages from the floods in the city were 1.09 billion yuan, and 92 flights were delayed due to the floods. [29] The local and provincial government provided tents, quilts, blankets, clothing and water dispensers to the affected residents. China is now entering the peak tropical storm season. [66] The reservoir water levels peaked at 160 metres (520 ft) meters on the morning of July 23, whereas the "alarm level" of the reservoir was at 145 metres (476 ft). [67], In the city of Luoyang, Henan, a bridge on the Yi River collapsed as onlookers crowded it to watch the flooding, 51 people were killed with 15 missing. [5][20][21][22][23] By early August, over 12 million people were evacuated,[6][2] and that number rose to 15.2 million by August 31. [55] There was speculation that the approximately 1,700 people made homeless by the landslides and relocated would have to spend the winter in tents. Lighter rainfall in the coming week should benefit early rice harvesting/late rice planting in southeast China and the development of cotton, corn, and other summer crops on the North China Plain. Rainfall in many parts of China has been much heavier than normal in July 2010. The quality of rice in storage was also threatened by flooding this year. Late rice transplanting was delayed due to the slow development/harvest of the early rice crop. Flow rates as high as 56,000 cubic meters per second hit the dam at 8 a.m. Wednesday, and the dam discharged water at a rate of 40,000 cubic meters per second, meaning water continued to accumulate in the reservoir. Two storms have landed in southern China this month, causing additional damage and loss of life. [29] Throughout the East Asian Monsoon season, the worst of the flooding shifted from Southwestern China to Central China by June and July and moved to Northern and Northeastern China by late July and August, leaving the southern provinces in a heat wave while the Northeastern and Northwestern provinces were continuously lashed by flooding rains. The construction of the Three Gorges Dam and other flood control improvements since then has helped to prevent a repeat of that disaster. They are one of the major footprints of humans on Earth and change the world's hydrological cycle. Received April 7, 2010; accepted September 25, 2010 Based on grain size analysis and high-resolution elemental scanning of core YD0901, taken from the subaqueous Yangtze River delta, a 600-year flood history was reconstructed for the Yangtze River drainage system. Sixty-two thousand houses were destroyed and 193,000 damaged, while direct economic losses reached 45 billion yuan. [1] of farmland were affected by the flooding, while 2.09 million hectares (5.2 million acres) were completely destroyed.[6][11]. [85], Starting from September 30 Hainan Province received the worst flooding in half a century. Forty truckloads of garbage were collected, and the remaining garbage could fill 200 more. Jump to:navigation, search. [83], The State Flood Control and Drought Relief headquarters warned that flooding and landslides were expected to continue in the Songliao Basin (surrounding the Daqing Field) near the Songhua River in Heilongjiang Province. Authorities are considering a plan to divert water from the Hanjiang River to an emergency reservoir for the first time since 2005, sacrificing thousands of hectares of farmland and fishponds to protect the dikes around Wuhan and other cities downstream. China flooding: 14 killed at Three Gorges Dam on Yangtze River as water peaks The dam was holding back about 45 percent of the water, which rose more than 50 feet above flood level [74], In Antu County, 70 homes in one village were destroyed by flooding, a mountain valley was submerged by floods 20 metres (66 ft) deep, forcing 570 families to evacuate. It has a population of more than 9.0 million. [80] At least 1,200 people were trapped by flood water. [29] Flooding destroyed a bridge in the province on July 7, travel was disrupted in 20 counties and the town of Taining was completely under water at one point.[46]. [16], The Chinese government helped with flood relief efforts, rescue work and supplies following flooding and landslides in many regions. Crop losses from flooding in June and July were also reported in northern Jiangxi, which has an annual production around 100,000 tons, and northern Hunan province (annual production averaged at about 250,000 tons. The Chinese government estimates that 400,000 to 800,000 hectares of crops have been destroyed by flooding this year, with a significantly larger amount of crops hurt by excessive rainfall and water-logging. Provincial authorities suspended shipping on the river[75] and more than 40,000 people were evacuated from the city. Devastating China flooding puts controversial Three Gorges Dam under new scrutiny Questions are being raised about the dam's impact on floods and if the massive structure itself may be at risk [62] Further landslides killed 18 people, injured nine and left four missing in Wenchuan and Qingchuan County. Therefore, stopping floods may be changed as flood The distribution of rainfall in the Yangtze basin itself has not been uniform. Evacuees totaling 122,835 were evacuated to emergency shelters and 295 people were injured by the mudslides and landslides. [73] In central Jilin, 204 millimetres (8.0 in) of rain fell in 24 hours after August 4, while 121 millimetres (4.8 in) fell in a few hours in Lishu on August 5. Following the 1998 floods, the government convinced 2.4 million people to leave the Yangtze River floodplains, restoring 1,000 square miles. [45] More than ten consecutive days of rain hit Nanping, and factories were destroyed. The fifth flood of Yangtze, along with a flood of Jialing River, resulted in severe flooding of Chongqing in southwest China. In July, flood no.1 and flood no.2 of the Yangtze River came one after the other. The water level in the reservoir had risen to 158 meters above sea level at 8 a.m. Wednesday, about 17 meters below its maximum capacity of 175 meters. Sixty-six were declared missing, by August 20,[49] including at least 38 in Wenchuan County, Ten thousand people were forced to evacuate. The number of people affected was totalled at 1.3 million, damages totalled 5.5 billion yuan, and 365,000 people were relocated. The direct economic loss is about 24.0543 million yuan, of which 10.2081 million were agricultural losses. Current USDA area and production estimates for grains and other agricultural commodities are available on IPAD's Agricultural Production page or at PSD Online, (Special report - Flooding in China, Summer 1998, NCDC/NOAA). The floods during 2010 in China are considered to be one of the most damaging of all floods. The rain led to landslides and flash floods that killed hundreds of people and caused billions of dollars in damages. The Yangtze River floods are mainly formed by heavy rains. The dam's reservoir rose nearly 3 m (9.8 ft) in 24 hours and reduced the outflow to 40,000 m 3 /s (1,400,000 cu ft/s) in discharges downstream, effectively alleviating serious impacts on the middle and lower river. In Tonghua, 300,000 residents were left without tap water after the flooding damaged major water pipelines that were subsequently repaired by August 4. Water over roads was as deep as 1.5 metres (4.9 ft) 1.5 metres. 1935 Yangtze River Floods. [78] A developing tropical storm was forecast to bring more heavy rains to the Yalu River region by August 28. [76], Malong County in Yunnan was hit by torrential rainfall lasting seven hours, completely filling a nearby reservoir, which then submerged the county. Fatality estimates vary widely. Throughout the East Asian Monsoonseason, the worst of the flooding shifted from Southwestern China to Central China by June and July and moved to North… The most concentrated rainfall was reported in mountainous areas of Sichuan, northern Hunan, eastern Hubei, and near the Jiangxi/Anhui border. [73], Floods triggered by torrential rains pounded Akto County on July 6 resulted in 6 deaths and 2 missing. According to the Ministry of Agriculture (MOA), this year's early rice development was delayed by seven to 10 days due to excessive rain and in May and June. The flooding attracted attention from the state leaders of the Chinese Government and the public, who brought aid to the victims of the flooding. [40] The breach was repaired on June 27. Officials stated that tests showed the water in the river remained safe to drink. [52][53][54] A rare national day of mourning was held in China to remember the victims of the Gansu mudslide on August 15. [40] The flood crest of the Gan River passed the city of Nanchang on June 23. Premier Wen Jiabao arrived in the county at 4:35 pm on August 8. Yangtze River, China's longest, on Aug. 17 recorded the fifth flood of the year in its upper reaches after a spell of heavy rainfall, three days after the fourth flood was recorded on Aug. 14. Much of North Korea's trade with the world depends on Sinuiju, which is a vital lifeline for the country. [74] Another series of floods left eight dead and one missing in Dandong by August 27. [60], In Huilai County in Guangdong, 604 millimetres (23.8 in) of rain fell in six hours, the fastest rainfall accumulation recorded there in approximately 50 years. Seventy-six people were killed and 79 were missing from landslides in the province by June 21. By late August,16.5 million hectares (41 million acres) Between July 31 and August 4, 68,000 residents were without drinking water due to flooding, until it was restored at 5 p.m. on August 4 but the water was not potable until approximately August 7. The latest precipitation forecast by the Climate Prediction Center calls for moderate to heavy rain (1-3 inches) to continue in the Yangtze basin, adding more water to the already-saturated soils and brimming rivers. Floods have hit 27 provinces and municipalities since the start of the 2010 flood season in April, affecting 110 million people, according to the State Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters and the Ministry of Civil Affairs. The flood situation in China is ongoing. The region is also an important producer of peanuts, rapeseed, wheat, tea, vegetables, and other cash crops. [82] In Huludao City, ten workers were stranded on an island created by flooding before being rescued, after China National Highway 102 was disrupted by floodwaters. Temperatures are expected to be higher than normal for the next 4 to 7 days over most of the country. The Chinese Government allocated over 2.1 billion yuan for rescue and relief work. Fire trucks were mobilized to provide drinking water from nearby springs. [49][50][51] The landslide buried half of Chengguan Township, the county seat, surrounding the village with water and destroying an area 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) long, 500 metres (1,600 ft) wide and 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) deep before water levels receded. Elsewhere in the region, rainfall amounts, though higher than normal, were similar to other recent years. A power outage following the slide covered two-thirds of the county. 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