The research gives a clear insight into the causes, effects and solution to flooding in Nigeria. The research will help to identify the areas that are prone to flood. FLOODING IN NIGERIA CAUSES, EFFECTS AND SOLUTION 1.1 Background to the study Floods are major disasters affecting many countries of the world annually especially in most flood plain areas. In other words, this article aims to identify the causes of flooding commonly witnessed across most Nigerian cities in recent times. Flooding can comprise overflow of a river as a result of prolonged seasonal rainfall, rainstorm, snow-melt, dam-breaks, accumulation of rainwater in low-lying areas with a high water table, or inadequate storm drainage. If the quantity of water flowing into the channels exceeds the channel capacity, the adjoining areas would be flooded. Climate change brings about variability in rainfall and also causes sea level to rise which eventually flood adjoining coasts. Coastal flooding occurs in the low-lying belt of mangrove and fresh water swamps along the coast. have intensified flood disasters across Nigeria. Research Cyber Team hopes this article was helpful. July Just like Flooding In Nigeria; Causes, Effects And Solution, A typical Undergraduate project in Nigerian tertiary institutions can be said to be divided into five or six chapters depending on the format of the school and course of study which are. Other causes, according to our checks, are flooding during the wet season, poor storage facilities, and rising demand. The research will help to identify the areas that are prone to flood. Sixty-five deaths have been recorded, more than 36,000 houses have collapsed, and more than 22,200 acres of farmland destroyed. which assist in carrying storm water to natural drains or rivers or other nearest water bodies. Flooding is commonly caused by heavy downpours of rains on flat ground, reservoir failure, volcano, melting of snow and or glaciers e.t.c. Its also not news that a great part of most Nigerian states gets submerged in flood when it starts to rain real hard from the months of July, August, September, etc. Solutions to Flooding in Nigeria. For much of the weekend, Lagos, Africa’s largest city, has been hit badly by heavy floods. Floods occur in Nigeria in three main forms, namely; coastal flooding, river flooding and urban flooding. Though detailed statistics  are  not available regarding  the  losses  sustained by  the  urban dwellers and  flood  victims,  it  is  obvious from  the available record that  irreparable havocs have  been  sustained  by the citizen  of  Nigeria due  to what  has become  perennial natural disaster in our  cities. Prof Olumide Ajose, Chairman Lekki Residents Association, Lagos State: We have made a careful study of the major causes of flooding in Lekki Phase I. Okechukwu Nnodim, Abuja. Apart  from  houses that collapse  by  flooding, schools buildings and  bridges  sometimes  collapse as  well. Diarrhoea outbreak is the predominant waterborne disease associated with flood disasters. Now rising is the threat of water-related diseases, such as cholera and acute watery diarrhoea, which are easily spread through … Lagos … Development does not cause flooding but can make it worse. (2009). Indeed, many of the areas are already experiencing heavy flooding. Just like Flooding In Nigeria; Causes, Effects And Solution, A typical Undergraduate project in Nigerian tertiary institutions can be said to be divided into five or six chapters depending on the format of the school and course of study which are. Ifatimehim and Ufuah, M.E (2006). The dam is 308 m long, 40 m in height and 9 m thick. The rain which started around 11pm on Saturday night to the early hours of Sunday, also caused flooding in some parts of Calabar metropolis. The Nigeria Hydrological Services Agency (NIHSA), on Tuesday presented its 2019 Annual Flood Outlook (AFO) in Abuja. Although flooding is a natural occurrence, man-made changes to the land can also be a factor. This is called pluvial flooding. This material content is developed to serve as a GUIDE for students to conduct academic research, Item Type: Project Material |  51 pages |  1,223 engagements |, Item Type: Project Material |  65 pages |  970 engagements |, Item Type: Project Material |  50 pages |  2,189 engagements |, Item Type: Project Material |  50 pages |  1,897 engagements |, Item Type: Project Material |  50 pages |  1,577 engagements |, Item Type: Project Material |  50 pages |  1,632 engagements |, ©2020 IPROJECT - Final Year Research Project Topics & Materials In PDF & Doc | iproject, See More Urban & Regional Planning Final Year Research Project Topics & Materials In PDF & Doc | iproject, IPROJECT - Final Year Research Project Topics & Materials In PDF & Doc | iproject. This study reflects on critical issue relating to flooding in Nigeria such as causes, impacts and remedies. At least 155 people have been killed and 25 000 displaced after heavy rains and floods started affecting Nigeria in September. Flooding is most often recorded in African countries due to the fact that they experience much rainfall in the region. Several states of Nigeria will be hit by floods from eight nations, the Nigeria Hydrological Services Agency has said. Nigeria has a rainy season and suffers from seasonal flash floods [citation needed]. In recent times, flooding has been a recurrent problem in most parts of the world. The answer is simple, flooding is caused by heavy rainfall, flooding can be caused by dumping of refuse into drainages. This aggravates Nigeria’s flooding problem. Days of flooding from the overflowing Niger river has displaced over 50,000 people in the state of Kogi in central Nigeria. 1. At every level of education; on radio, television, newspapers and magazines; and in every public forum, these must be stressed; and development efforts should not be relented either. Uncontrolled urbanization has therefore led to inadequate provision of drainage facilities which induces flood incidence in Nigerian cities. The after-effect of flooding leaves behind a lot of wet surfaces and … The research will help to identify the areas that are prone to flood. Lagos … Nigeria: Heavy rainfall causes flooding nationwide on June 16 Heavy rainfall causes flooding nationwide on June 16; further adverse weather and associated disruptions possible TIMEFRAME expected from 6/18/2020, 12:00 AM until 6/20/2020, 11:59 PM (Africa/Lagos). The periodicity of flood implies that every year some area surrounding the river (on both sides) is flooded. Because of the quest for living spaces in Nigerian urban centers, trees have been cut down indiscriminately and buildings constructed. Deforestation . Around 3,000 people have been affected by flooding in Niger over the last few weeks after rivers, including the Niger, overflowed. Get Complete Project Material File(s) Now! The other causes of flooding are moderate to severe winds over water, unusual hightides, tsunamis due to undersea earthquakes, breaks or failures of dams, levees, retention ponds or lakes, and other infrastructure that retains water. Indeed, it was predicted that one of the key impacts of predicted changes in climate is a widespread increase in the risk of flooding for many human settlements across the world. Flooding which arguably has been more damaging for Nigeria has worsened recently due to a number of possible factors includ - ing rapid population growth, urbanization, poor urban planning and climate change especially in increased frequency and intensity of rainfall. Governor of the state, Chief Edward David Onoja, visited… This is because excessive rainfall has always generated floods in areas with less pronounced slopes. covering large parts of the ground with roofs, roads, and pavements, obstructing natural channels and building drains ensure that water moves to rivers more rapidly than it would under natural conditions. Flooding: Meaning, Causes And Prevention Of Floods In Nigeria I am a Nigerian, this is no news! rainfall) can cause all flood types. Climate change has been predicted to cause incessant and unprecedented flooding in most coastal cities of the Nigeria, in particular and the world in general. Flooding can be aggravated by impervious surfaces or by other natural and man-made hazards which destroy soil, vegetation that can absorb rainfall. Uncontrolled urbanization, cementation/pavement of surface soils, insufficient drainage systems, blocked drainage facilities etc. Charity Nwakaudu, Abuja Dr. Clement Onyeaso is the director-general, Nigeria Hydrological Service Agency (NIHSA). In Nigeria’s cities, the most common cause of flooding after excessive rains is poor drainage systems that can’t cope. Urbanization aggravates flooding by limiting where run-off can flow and the increased impervious layers in urban areas obstruct the natural channel thereby shortening the time taken by flood water to flow into river. The flooding is the worst since 1958. 155 people have lost their lives, 826 were injured and 24 134 displaced. In Kebbi and Jigawa states, there has been massive destruction of farmlands, roads and bridges and loss of lives. 1.6 Scope of the Study. Nigeria rushes into current flash flooding to mitigate health hazards. Storm water drainage system is made up of gutters, manholes, curb inlets, roadsides culverts etc. No single factor can be singled out as the only factor responsible for each flood type, though, a factor (e.g. Lagos … Changes in the built-up areas restricts where floodwaters can go e.g. 22 January, 2019 by FloodList News in Africa, News. Typhoon causes major flooding in Philippine capital. Continuous heavy rainfall since July reached its peak in late September, causing severe and extensive flooding in 34 out of 36 states in Nigeria. In Nigeria for instance, flooding has forced millions of people out from their homes, destroyed businesses, polluted water sources, and increased the risk of diseases (Baiye, 1988, Akinyemi, 1990, Nwaubani, 1991 and Edward- Adebiyi, 1997). Flooding has been seen as a process that has been seeking urgent attention from the government in these areas studied. The research focus on the causes effects and solution to flooding in Nigeria. This is called pluvial flooding. Traffic is seen in Lagos, Nigeria after flooding deluged the streets on Tuesday (June 30). Required fields are marked *. Causes of Lekki flooding. Updated 1429 GMT (2229 HKT) July 10, … Niger Flooding Causes Over 36,000 Houses to Collapse . The major objectives of the study is causes effects and solution to flooding in Nigeria. Floods in Nigeria occur in three main forms, viz; coastal flooding, river flooding and urban flooding. Torrential rains in recent weeks have caused deadly and destructive flooding across Niger that has claimed lives, destroyed property and left more than 432,000 people in need of … It will also help to know the ways to mitigate the effect of flooding. Analysis of Urban Expansion and Loss of Vegetation in Lokoja using GIS Techniques. It highlights the main causes of Nigeria’s flooding problem are man-made and advocates spatial planning as a suitable Flood Risk Management (FRM) strategy for the Nigerian environment. 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