Town-dwelling Fulani intermarry freely with the Hausa and other groups, and they continue to control the administration of the Hausa towns. A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north. Travel weather and climate description. In densely populated areas of the savanna, such as those around the towns of Sokoto, Kano, and Katsina, the vegetation has been removed by continuous cropping, overgrazing, and bush burning. Be sure to visit the Omenka Gallery, which is the leading art gallery in Nigeria, highlighting emerging Nigerian and international contemporary artists. Climate change is global in its causes but its consequences are far more reaching in developing countries particularly Nigeria whose biodiversity and ecosystems are already faced with other threats like habitat degradation, ecology-economics mismatch and escalating population growth. According to Ahmed, Nigeria needs to double “investment in local capacity and infrastructure to support people harmed by climate impacts as they rethink or rebuild their lives and businesses.” Nigeria needs to “develop new crop varieties, livestock breeds, and farm practices specifically designed to help farmers adapt to evolving climate realities,” he says. Nights can be cold in December and January. Less numerous are the Ibibio, who live near the Igbo and share many of their cultural traits, and the Edo, who created the important precolonial kingdom of Benin. Nigeria In order to minimize the negative impact of climate change on the ecosystems, water resources, socioeconomic domains, a number of adaptation measures are open to Nigeria. Rodents such as squirrels, porcupines, and cane rats constitute the largest family of mammals. Once you've decided the best time to plan your trip to Nigeria, there are several places you'll want to visit. The inland area is mostly savanna, divided into three zones. Animals found in both forest and savanna included leopards, golden cats, monkeys, gorillas, and wild pigs. Temperatures rarely exceed 32° C (90° F), but humidity is very high and nights are hot. The northern-dwelling Hausa, one of the most numerous groups in the country, have become integrated with the smaller Fulani group, whose members conquered Hausaland in the early 19th century; the great majority of both are Muslims. As in most of West Africa, Nigeria's climate is characterized by strong latitudinal zones, becoming progressively drier as one moves north from the coast. However, in such a large country, the climate can vary widely from one city to another. Against the backdrop of the deadly effects of climate change, it is important that Nigeria mitigates these by letting people appreciate the reality and the … Two air Make a stop in Yorubaland to learn about the Yoruba culture and customs by visiting the museums and palaces there. To be as comfortable as possible during your trip, pack loose clothing that will keep you cool but also provide protection from the sun, swimwear, sunscreen with a high SPF and rain gear just in case. That climate change is the biggest threat facing humanity today is no longer in doubt. Climate data and weather averages in Lagos. A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north. Individuals who are not members of a dominant group but who have lived and worked for several decades in the territory of the group are still considered to be aliens. In general, the length of the rainy season decreases from south … Hana has been writing about her travel experiences for several years and has been published in print magazines like Travel Ideas and Ensemble Vacations, as well as websites such as Tour Amigo, The Culture Trip, REI, and Orbitz. The dry season, particularly between the months of October and January when temperatures are lowest, is by far the best time to visit. The average annual temperature is 26.5 °C | 79.8 °F in Ibadan. For instance, the southern coast is … Annual Weather Averages Near Zaria. CLIMATE The best time of year to visit Lagos in Nigeria. There are three major ethnic groups in the country: the Hausa-Fulani, the Yoruba, and the Igbo. The summers are much rainier than the winters in Lagos. Nigeria is considered to have a tropical climate overall, but within that are many diverse physical regions of the country. Nigeria is located between the equator and the tropic of cancer, which gives Nigeria a harsh climate for survival. Ultimately, Nigeria has consistent temperatures year-round, but there are also two distinct seasons: the wet season and the dry season. The climate is tropical in Ibadan. Near the coast temperatures rarely exceed 32 degrees Celsius (90 degrees Fahrenheit), but humidity is very high and nights are very hot. Climate data and weather averages in Lagos. Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Hausa musicians performing at the court of the amir of Zaria, northern Nigeria. When compared with winter, the summers have much more rainfall. Nigeria’s climate has been changing, evident in: increases in temperature; variable rainfall; rise in sea level and flooding; drought and desertification; land degradation; more frequent extreme weather events; affected fresh water resources and loss of biodiversity. During this time, the southern coast alone can receive more than 150 inches of rainfall, whereas the northern region in the Sahel receives only about 20 inches. Hana LaRock is a freelance content writer from New York, currently living in Mexico. The wet season in Nigeria is from April to October and falls upon the southern region much earlier than the rest of the country, typically around February or March. The southern coast is hot and humid with a rainy season from March to November. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Nigeria has been a Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) partner since 2012. The climate of Nigeria is usually characterized into 2 seasons – the Wet and Dry. Nigeria Capital: Abuja Population: 200,963,599 Brief History of Nigeria: Over history several kingdoms and societies have developed in the land of Nigeria. Fisheries. About 1311 mm … Calabar is a relaxed and clean city located near the Cross River and is home to many of the country's conservation projects. It's more common to feel this in the northern part of the country, but more or less it's felt through all of Nigeria, except for maybe the southern coast. The best time and weather to travel to Nigeria 2020. During the dry season, the Harmattan wind blows from the Sahara. Its warmth and high humidity gives it a strong tendency to ascend and produce copious rainfall, which is a result of the condensation of water vapour in the rapidly rising air. Southern Nigeria is equatorial, Central Nigeria is tropical, while the northern region of the country is arid. Although Nigeria lies wholly within the tropical zone, there are wide climatic variations in different regions of the country. Nigeria is considered to have a tropical climate overall, but within that are many diverse physical regions of the country. So before traveling to Nigeria, prepare for the weather based on where and when you'll be visiting. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Nigeria. When investing in the agricultural sector of Nigeria, companies should consider the following. Varies from area to area. It is hot and wet most of the year in the southeast but dry in the southwest and farther inland. Temperatures are also high, and the humidity is brutal. These maps and graphs were developed from the CRU TS 3.21 dataset produced by the Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia, UK. Both are settled cultivators, but, while Nupe society is hierarchical, that of the Tiv tends to be decentralized. The months of March, April, May, July, September and October have a high chance of precipitation. It is also a... Forestry. Hundreds of languages are spoken in the country, including Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, Hausa, Edo, Ibibio, Tiv, and English. As a country with an agriculturally-based economy, widespread food insecurity, and where the effects of climate change are already evident, reaping the multiple benefits of short-lived climate pollutant (SLCPs) mitigation is critical. To provide an in depth explanation of each of Nigeria's climate types, the Koppen Climate Classification System will be utilized. Head farther away from the coast to experience Nigeria's vast countryside. Tropical grassland occupies the area north of the forest belt and is studded with baobab, tamarind, and locust bean trees. This climate is considered to be Aw according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. The Weather & Climate of Nigeria (Photo: ). 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