The most famous story of the beginning of the Punic War is the story quoted by Polibius, a historian of Greek origin, residing in Rome in the 2nd century BC. However, the Romans became aware of the plan and they launched a preemptive strike. In order to determine who is truthfully to blame for the Second Punic War, each of the causes by both sides must be explored in depth. This raises a very large question on the part of Polybius. or in other words, why did it start? thatsbloodyy thatsbloodyy 2 hours ago History High School What was the cause of the second punic war? 67 (1996), p 37, Bickerman, Elias J. The Second Punic War broke out in B.C. generals of the second punic war . However, there was a faction in Carthage that was determined to renew the war with Spain. As the second in the series of three wars between the two nations, the Hannibalic War was a war of great struggle that filled all of Rome with fear for their lives and for losing all they had established. The immediate cause of the Second Punic War was the decision by Hannibal — the main Carthaginian general at the time, and one of history’s most revered military commanders — to ignore the treaty between Carthage and Rome that “forbade” Carthage from expanding in … rome. The main reasons for the Second or Hannibalic War were the ambition and pride of prominent military generals and a poorly configured political agreement. Hannibal crosses the Ebro. Carthage was in a difficult situation after the defeat of the First Punic War. The causes of the war were a result of both Roman and Carthaginian actions. It will be argued that the causes of the Second Punic War were Carthage’s intrigues with the Celts, Hannibal’s rivalry with Rome in Spain, and the great Carthaginian’s general thirst for revenge on Rome. Causes of the Second Punic War 1722 Words | 7 Pages. This is the second and most important cause of the Second Punic War. Hannibal was determined to avenge the death and defeat of his people in the First Punic War. The city was a very prosperous trade center and it was strongly fortified. Hannibal used the manpower and resources of Spain to recruit a massive army, some 90,0000 strong, according to modern historian’s estimates. Until the decisive moment arrived, the outcome of the war hung in the balance throughout a number of battles. Throughout the conflict, intelligence played a pivotal role in shaping … He is generally considered one of the greatest generals in history and Rome’s most formidable enemy. The Roman Senate responded favorably, and ignored the pledge. Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies. The origin of the 2d Punic war; to point out to us the causes of this contestbetween Romeand Carthage, allege first thesiege of Saguntumby the Carthaginians, and,secondly, their breach of treaty by crossing the river called bythe natives the Iber. [1] This was a brutal war, and both sides inflicted severe defeats on each other. Furthermore, the wealth of the city tempted him as he needed to pay his men who were all mercenaries. Carthage was asked to totally evacuate Sicily and the Aegadian Islands, which lay west of it, as well as the small islands that lay between Sicily and Africa. Hannibal was powerful enough that he could effectively hijack the Carthaginian Senate and to dictate its foreign policy. "The origin of the second Punic War." He was even able to drag it into another war with Rome despite opposition from Carthaginian citizens. This raises a very large question on the part of Polybius. However, for such a large and horrendous war, the question of who was the driving force is still asked. rome. For 17 years the two states struggled for supremacy, primarily in Italy and Iberia, but also on the islands of Sicily and Sardinia and, towards the end of the war, in North Africa. Write the following events onto cards, and sort them in chronologcal order, adding a date where possible: Hannibal besieges Saguntum. The Second Punic War (aka The Hannibalic War) was fought between Carthage and Rome between 218 and 201 BCE. Ancient historiography could not clearly determine on whose side was responsible for the Punic wars, or what was the direct reason for the outbreak of the conflict. revenge. Rome was technically an ally of Saguntum, but the Republic was not able to help it. Second Punic War begins. o CAUSES OF THE SECOND PUNIC WAR EVENTS DURING THE SECOND PUNIC WAR Carthaginian General, Hannibal, lays siege to city of Saguntum. He was determined like his family to defeat Rome and it became an obsession. These were the main reasons for the Punic Wars. While the First Punic War had been fought largely over control of Sicily, the Second Punic War involved confrontations in Spain, Italy, Sicily, Sardinia, and North Africa. How did the Renaissance influence the Reformation? The war lasted for a whole 17 years … Hannibal crosses the Ebro. Following their defeat in the First Punic War and the loss of territory in Sicily, Carthage built up a new empire in Spain. It seemed that the Barca’s first Hamilcar, then Hasdrubal and finally Hannibal supported a faction in Carthage that wanted a war of ‘national revenge’. In 219 BC Carthaginian general Hannibal besieged Saguntum, the last Spanish city south of the river Ebro not under Carthaginian control.Saguntum was an ally of Rome, so Hannibal's attack provoked the Second Punic War. The main reasons for the Second or Hannibalic War were the ambition and pride of prominent military generals and a poorly configured political agreement. On the other hand, Carthage felt as though they were being undermined by the Romans and took a much more aggressive stand. 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