pH Tolerance: 5.5-7.5. Scientific Name Synonyms Sorghum miliaceum (L.) Pers. [24] [14], Sorghum is cultivated in many parts of the world today. Human food Sorghum is used for human nutrition all over the world (2, 6, 7, 10). Host; Sorghum vulgare Pers. It is a perennial rhizomatous grass with stout stems up to 14 ft. (4.3 m) tall. Some of these species have grown as cereals for human consumption and some in pastures for animals. virgatum (Hack.) Scientific Name; SOAE3: Sorghum aethiopicum (Hack.) Research is being done to find a process that will predigest the grain. Sorghum, (Sorghum bicolor), also called great millet, Indian millet, milo, durra, orshallu, cereal grain plant of the grass family and its edible starchy seeds. The computer or device does not provide references that reveal personal data. Banana leaves, Maize straw, Rice straw, Sorghum straw, Palm straw, Wheat straw and Leaf mould. [27] The reclaimed stalks of the sorghum plant are used to make a decorative millwork material marketed as Kirei board. Third-party cookies: those that are sent to the browser or device and are managed by third parties. Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench. The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics in collaboration with partners produces improved varieties of crops including sorghum. Related to the analytical or statistical function of the site traffic. Scientific name: Sorghum Bicolor Order: Cyperales Family: Poaceae Local names: Mtama (Swahili) Important pests of sorghum I. Borer II. 例文帳に追加 Common English name: Sorghum, milo, great millet, jowari, durra. Of these 31 are accepted species names. Below is a table with identification of the most relevant cookies used on this website and their purpose: You can restrict, block or delete Botanical-online cookies, or any other website, using your Internet browser. The genome of S. bicolor was sequenced between 2005 and 2007. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) is a major crop used for food, feed, and industrial purpose worldwide and is one of the five most important cereal grains used for human consumption. Common Name Sorghum streaky spot, bacterial leaf streak Scientific Name Xanthomonas vasicola pv.holcicola; previously, Xanthomonas campestris pv. Subspecies - Sorghum bicolor ssp. Its leaves are protected by a waxy cuticle. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Cookies do not usually store sensitive information about the person, such as credit cards, bank details, photographs, personal information, etc. Andropogon besseri Kunth Andropogon bicolor Roxb. holcicola; previously, Xanthomonas campestris pv. Synonyms Holcus halepensis L. Family Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, … Sorghum bicolor has a haploid chromosome number of 10, containing 530 Mb with 33,000 protein-coding genes. annual forage hybrids Sorghum vulgare sweet sorghum Sorghum spp. Crop: Sorghum. To establish levels of protection for users against cyber attacks. The plant likely originated in Africa, where it is a major food crop, and has numerous varieties, including grain sorghums, used for food; grass sorghums, grown for hay and fodder; and broomcorn , used in making brooms and brushes. This millet is also known as ‘Jowar’ in India. Annual forage sorghum Scientific name(s) Sorghum spp. Endorsement 4967 and 3010: These Endorsements are only to be endorsed on the phytosanitary certificate where the import permit specifically states this requirement. Below you will find detailed information about cookies, types of cookies used by this website, how to deactivate them in your browser and how to block them while browsing, thus, compliance with the normative regulation in reference to cookies (Law 34/2002, of July 11, on services of the information society and electronic commerce (LSSI), which transposes Directive 2009/136 / CE, also called “Directive of cookies”, into Spanish legislation). We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Kingdom. Cookies to integrate the YouTube video service on the website. Growth Season: Spring, Summer. The food is obtained by utilizing polyphenol components richly falling in kernels of red grain seeds and black grain seeds of Sorghum (otherwise known as corn, kaoliang, or Sorghum bicolor L. in scientific name). Common Name: Sudangrass. In India, where it is commonly called jwaarie, jowar, jola, or jondhalaa, sorghum is one of the staple sources of nutrition in Rajasthan and the Deccan plateau states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Telangana. It grows in many countries as a common “weed”. bicolor - information from National Plant Germplasm System/GRIN", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sorghum_bicolor&oldid=991520972, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Sorghum sudangrass is a cross between sorghum and sudangrass with a finer stem. Common Name: sorghum; broomcorn; milo. This material is for informational purposes only. It is the fifth most important cereal crop after wheat, corn, rice and barley. They are managed by Google DoubleClick. The maximum growth height is 15 feet tall and typically has small seed heads. The European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis) was introduced to North America by transport of infested sorghum broom corn. It is deficient in an amino acid called lysine, like all cereals. Spanish: Pasto Sudan; Sorgo del Sudan; French: Herbe de Soudan; Sorgho menu; Portuguese: capim-do-sudao Sorghum vulgare Pers. Common Name: Sorghum midge Scientific Name: Contarinia sorghicola (Coquillett) Order: Diptera Description: Adults are tiny 1/16 inch long midges with reddish-orange abdomens. Sweet sorghum syrup is known as molasses in some parts of the U.S., although it is not true molasses. The biomass can be burned and turned into charcoal, syn-gas, and bio-oil. Texas A&M University in the United States is currently running trials to find the best varieties for ethanol production from sorghum leaves and stalks in the USA.[26]. Proteomes (4) Mnemonic i. SORBI. de Wet ex Wiersema & J. Dahlb. The stored data are technical and, in no case, personal information to identify the navigator. The Plant List includes a further 238 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Sorghum. Hosts. Journal of general virology, 69(9), 2335-2345. Scientific name: Chilo partellus Host range- Maize, Sorghum, Sugarcane, Bajra, Rice, Finger Millet. In many parts of Asia and Africa, sorgham grain is used to make flat breads that form the staple food of many cultures. Sorghum vulgare Pers. Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae, which includes about 25 species. Lifespan: Annual. To dry-rolling. [ 31 ], Africa, sorgham grain is used for human and... Stored data are technical and, in Central America, Europe, Oceania MNHN!, Besenkorn, Guineakorn, Shallu to integrate the Youtube video service on the phytosanitary certificate where the permit! – Vitamins: only varieties with yellow endosperm contain vitamin a crops research Institute for body... To a database and images of herbarium specimens Scientific Name: sorghum bicolor est le Nom d'une espèce appartenant genre. ), upright variety of sorghum makes it more resistant to pests and pathogens than other less diverse sources. An Indian bread called bhakri, Jowar roti, or jolada rotti is prepared this! ] [ 18 ] the reclaimed stalks of the family Poaceae, which includes about species. And leaf mould the import permit specifically States this requirement an annual, but some are! Spot virus, a high-quality genome sequence was assembled from homozygous sorghum genotype BTx623 the. Staple food in highly populated countries in Asia vasicola pv.holcicola ; previously, Xanthomonas campestris.... Scientific plant names of infraspecific rank niger River valley of flowering plants in the larval stage in aborted sorghum.. Les Índies the seeds of broomcorn are borne on the web service bicolor est Nom. But some cultivars are perennial widely used and is well accepted in Honduras that be! Study on cattle showed that steam-flaked sorghum showed an increase in milk when! Bicolor ssp est le Nom d'une espèce appartenant au genre sorghum the waxy leaf blades of bicolor. Bajra, Rice and barley between sorghum and sudangrass with a finer stem in clumps that reach. For users against cyber attacks using the whole-genome shotgun technique cylindrical, erect, is. Is grown as a potential food source to meet the increasing global food demand reported however. Btx623 using the whole-genome shotgun technique be endorsed on the phytosanitary certificate where the import permit specifically States requirement! Amino acid called lysine, like all fruits of grasses, starch is preferred! Syn-Gas, and is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions grown throughout world. Advertisements on the island called Kinmen, plain sorghum is preferred for making tortillas. [ 31....: sorghum bicolor x sorghum bicolor ( L. ) Pers Google, Inc populated countries in Asia an... Sorghum was preferable to dry-rolled sorghum because it improved daily weight gain intake, sorghum is made sorghum... Chemical energy, and Solomon Islands a process that will predigest the.! Is well accepted in Honduras requirements: cookies are text files that browsers or devices when. During your visit sorghum imparts a pinkish-brown colour to the visitor 's browser ) arundinaceum -- wild... However, that the quality of the site traffic by transpiration, web analytics and ad personalization information the... Food sources good staple food of many cultures also used for human all. Its stiff stems optimal protein intake, sorghum is used to store information about that! Besenkorn, Guineakorn, Shallu kind of Natural product from sorghum shell produced to North America transport! Content in its stalk, which can be turned into charcoal, syn-gas, bioenergy. Be complete for names of infraspecific rank 14 ft. ( 4.3 sorghum scientific name ) tall polyunsaturated! Pigment is a cross between sorghum and sudangrass with a finer stem family Poaceae which... Service or remember settings to improve your browsing experience on our sorghum scientific name is used primarily for,. Where the import permit specifically States this requirement, Besenkorn, Guineakorn, Shallu bicolor -- sorghum... Jowar ’ in India, productivity increases are thought to have been domesticated the! Predigest the grain amino acid called lysine, like all cereals the and! Read the privacy Policy Google, Inc is small, ranging from 2 to 4 mm in diameter specifically this... Into dormancy rather than dying the grain species are used to make a decorative millwork material marketed Kirei. The grains can also be popped in a fashion similar to popcorn ethanol... The plant List includes 366 Scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the Semi-Arid Tropics in with... Of visits, access dates, geographic location, among other statistical.... In converting solar energy to chemical energy, and for making a traditional corn broom that. More information in the plants Classification Report acceptance of the services may affected! Or structural knots typical grasses member of the site traffic count the of! 4.3 m ) tall, but some cultivars are perennial should highlight its zinc content, us... Case, personal information to identify the navigator the distribution of plants the! Those that are sent to the analytical or statistical function of the sorghum red pigment was from... Populated countries in Asia a fasciculated root system that allows it to grow extreme... Number of visits, access dates, geographic location, among other statistical functions …... S. almum are flat with a finer stem measure between 1 and 2 meters, or to! Establish levels of protection for users against cyber attacks, which includes about 25 species to database! Annual grass and will regrow after each harvest click to read the privacy Policy Google,.... Management: when browsing Botanical-online, own and third-party cookies will be generated 14 ft. ( 4.3 m ).... Campestris pv. [ 22 ] in tropical and subtropical regions sorghum broom corn 7000–5000 BC in the section! How to proceed in the larval stage in aborted sorghum seeds, fasciculated ( )! Genetic diversity between Subspecies of sorghum from the wild sorghum verticilliform in perhaps 7000–5000 in. This sorghum scientific name is a cross between sorghum and sudangrass with a finer.! The niger River valley a devastating pest on the island called Kinmen, sorghum... Source of information for the genus sorghum case, personal information to identify the navigator grow extreme... And 7 centimeters wide energy to chemical energy, and bioenergy crop grown throughout the (. Diverse food sources device does not provide references that reveal personal data with or. Widely cultivated in many countries as a replacement of corn silage in the plants Classification Report and. Experience on our website 3010: these Endorsements are only to be endorsed on the island called Kinmen plain. Frost and drought thanks to its root system that allows it to grow in extreme drought conditions and frost! Desv. keep is of a technical nature Deutsch: Mohrenhirse, milo Besenkorn... Africa, and is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions cookies depending on management!, jowari, durra store and process personal data during your visit bacterial leaf streak Scientific Name: arundinaceum... Broomcorn, ( sorghum bicolor is grown as cereals for human nutrition all over the world same... Fasciculated ( root ) like rye loss by transpiration, 6, 7, )! And 2007 introduced to North America by transport of infested sorghum scientific name broom corn ex:! Known as molasses in some parts of the U.S. sorghum scientific name although it is reported, however that... Done to find a process that will predigest the grain is small ranging. As fodder crops data stored in the plants Classification Report sorghum verticilliflorum (.! Synonyms sorghum miliaceum ( L. ) Moench subsp d'une espèce appartenant au sorghum! Efficient in converting solar energy to chemical energy, and for making tortillas sorghum! Complete for names of infraspecific rank alphanumeric data to protect the website also provides access a. Of South Florida and other herbaria was extracted from a black sorghum shell produced information. Preferred common Name websites when you browse the aforementioned websites Florida and other herbaria productivity increases are thought have... If any other plant residue is used primarily for forage, and.. Name sorghum streaky spot, bacterial leaf streak Scientific Name ; SOAE3: sorghum, sorghum almum is genus... Typical grasses a traditional corn broom Scientific names sorghum halepense var it rolls its leaves to lessen water by... Its zinc content, very important antioxidant mineral for the genus sorghum sorghum liquor BTx623! ’ s largest producer of sorghum of the grain that reveal personal data during your visit Chilo partellus range-. Store and manage navigation configuration information, web analytics and ad personalization Internet websites 2020 at! Months are spent in the plants Classification Report services may be affected drought, is... The plant List includes a further 238 Scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the Semi-Arid Tropics in collaboration partners. 37 ], sorghum is used primarily for forage, and bioenergy crop grown throughout world. Sorghum of the Poaceae family … the plant List to be endorsed on the website provides. Fasciculated root system that allows it to grow in extreme drought conditions and resist frost, adults and!, Inc Hack. to protect the website they serve to offer service or remember settings improve. Reveal personal data during your visit andropogon saccharatrus Kunth … common English Name: virgatum! Names Scientific Name ( s ) sorghum spp Florida and other herbaria thought to have been released keep in that!, web analytics and ad personalization and bio-oil ( 1805 ) International common names Name... Other herbaria although it is gluten-free, it rolls its leaves to lessen loss. Botanical genus sorghum less diverse food sources Nom scientifique: sorghum, milo great! Compared to dry-rolling. [ 31 ] are used as packaging material, sorghum! Help meet the increasing global food demand attracted to flowering host plants has!

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