Based on quality, marked price swings are to be ex - pected for this timber. Sowing is done directly in the field or in the nursery. This paper reports the use of site-specific recombinase (SSR) technology using microsatellite DNA markers to investigate the level of genetic variability, distribution of genetic variation and genetic relatedness in Tectona grandis grown in Côte d'Ivoire. Manual no. teak (IPO 38) in Pha Nok Khao, Khon Kaen Province, Thailand. Genetic improvement programmes have been undertaken in countries like Thailand, India, Malaysia and Indonesia. season. Effect of forest tree species on properties oflateritic soil. However, site quality seems to be the priority factor directing the size of spacing in the teak planting programme. In: Proceedings of 10th Silvicultural Conference, Dehra, Venezuela and Columbia. 0000006008 00000 n The eco. Bois et Forêts des Tropics 226: FAO. This study suggests applying different conservation strategies for Northern and Southern Myanmar. 0000004160 00000 n About 700 plus trees of teak have been selected. In: Site Technology and productivity of teak. After the gradual conversion of rice-based shifting cultivation to teak plantation-based systems, overland flow contribution to stream flow increased from 16 to 31% and sediment yield raised from 98 to 609 Mg km(-2). Clustering analysis and principal component analysis of metabolites showed that heartwood samples could be clearly separated from sapwood samples. Peechi. Av. Under favourable conditions the tree attains a large size with a tall, clean and cylindrical bole. overview • prices (problems) • supply & demand • current prices • standard international pricing mechanism • conclusions. There are 10 IAS plants in PNR. Teak cultivation area (acres) Small farmer s(<5) 92 (21.6) 4.0 1.0 (24.9) Marginal farmer s (5-10) 139 (32.8) 8.1 1.4 (16.8) Large farmer s (>10) 194 (45.6) 21.1 1.8 (8.7) Total : 425 Farms NB : Value within brackets refers to percentage of the total. Teak Wood Farming Project Report, Cost and Profits of Teak (Sagwan) Cultivation. 0000006094 00000 n 0000004202 00000 n Based on ra, Central India while in the moist parts of the South India, for better growth and development (Troup, 1921; Kaosa-, ard, 1981). Yield and stand tabl, Nagarajan, B. This study suggests applying different conservation strategies for northern and southern Myanmar. The general evaluation at different age showed (i) that, provenances from Indonesia are generally of good sur-, vival, health, fast growth, but rough in respect of, size, epicormic branching and buttressing, and a tendency, State of India in general appear to be of good pr, good stem quality and with fine branch size, but may be, provenances from Thailand revealed a tendency to grow, a bit slower than other provenances, seem to produce, trees with good persistence (clear bole), with good form, and branching characteristics, and have relative light. Nagarajan, (1996a) reported that clones of one region when moved, to another region, flowering and fruiting were signifi-, cantly affected. Introduction to the Teak Wood Farming Project Report. tivity (Bryndum and Hedegart, 1969; Hedegart, 1973). One method of achieving this is b, wetting and drying of the seed before sowing. Wood density is, The diversity of teak populations studied using mole-, Prat,1995; Kjaer and Suangtho, 1995; Nicodemus, portion of diversity present within the populations. It is perhaps one of the most expensive lumbers on the market, at least for large-sized, non-figured wood. Similarly, seed breadth showed significant positive association with 100 fruit weight (r=0.549) and fruit diameter (r=0.544). Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi, studies in the model teak seed orchard, New, Siripatanadilok, S. 1974. that is approx 500 plant in one acre Rs.2500 per cub/feet x 12 cubic feet from one tree =R.S. The low, fruit percentage under open or natural pollination is due, to several factors. In teak, rooting depends upon the physiological status of the cutting, and season is no longer a major barrier in rhizogenesis. Fruits of teak. Keuntungan perbanyakan tanaman dengan cara ini adalah menyelamatkan sifat genetik yang superior pada tetua dan diturunkan kepada anakan hasil perbanyakan vegetatif, ... f.) has the extraordinary weather resistant capacity and therefore found a place as one of the most popular hardwood timber species. Teak Plantation is a productive economic activity that produces benefits in the form of goods (timber, poles, etc.) The specific gravity as well as strength prop. • Ambiguous effect of clayey and other restrictions on teak productivity. Tectona grandis (Family-Lamiaceae) is one of the most famous timber plants in the world and is renowned for its dimensional stability, extreme durability and hard which also resists decay even when unprotected by paints and preservatives. Shifting Cultivation: Problems and Prospects: ... (Meghalaya) and Cachar Hills (Assam) bamboo and Sal (teak) forest have been transformed into deciduous scrubs and grasses. This article treats the cultivation of the tea plant. Kumasi, June 23, GNA - Dr. Owusu Afriyie Akoto, Member of Parliament (MP) for Kwadaso in Kumasi, on Monday launched a Teak Seedlings Planting Project for basic schools in his constituency to replenish the vegetative cover removed by human activities. Timber species valued for its wood and wood products are smuggled in the adulterated form that cannot be taxonomically identified. Pest and Diseases of Forest Plantation Trees. Rooting response. Selection of plus trees in teak in plantation at Kerala (India), ., 1995) and the canal bank teak plantations, ., 1998). This means a total of an estimated, 12% (8% + 4%) higher value production from CSO-, sources. AFLP markers showed contrasting patterns as the Myanmar populations were more diverse than those of Benin, and genetic diversity in northern populations was significantly higher than in the South of Myanmar. Mature coppice shoots collected after 11 months of coppicing produced vigorous sprouts (cuttings) with high rooting potential of 91%, probably due to high carbohydrate and nutrient contents in the mature shoots. In Kerala, teak logs while China and Thailand are the larg, porters. Teak is a high-quality hardwood timber species mostly found in tropical regions. A series of studies on controlled pollination of, compared to that of the cross controlled pollination w. is up to 60% (Bryndum and Hedegart, 1969; Hedegart, 1973). We collected plant materials from three regions across Java Island (east, central, and west) and sampled trees spanning three age classes in each region, to clarify the genetic diversity and structure of teak plantations on Java Island. 11:48. The amount of fruits produc-. A total of 1667 samples and 1573 samples were used for SSRs and AFLPs, respectively. Nagarajan, B., Tamilselvi, K. S., Wills, P. J. and Mandal, A. K. 2001. This has provided us with a chance to look into the pest complex associated with such plantations. 0000005406 00000 n First planting. 0000005922 00000 n Laos is not an exception. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. July 6, 2020 • Horticulture. Teak (Tectona grandis L.F.) is a tropical hardwood tree species belonging to the Lamiaceae family. At the end of germination study (120 DAS), maximum germination was observed in Sirsi population (13.1%), followed by Kiravathi (11.10%). Teak is one of the most durable timbers in the world, practically, impervious to fungus and white ant attack and resistant to decay. Teak (Tectona grandis) is one of the most valuable timber yielding species in the world, with predominant distribution in tropical or sub-tropical countries. The two visits were timed purposefully to see the site in the best and worst conditions. Adult trees and young regeneration were sampled in selectively logged and unlogged populations in four regions, each in the northern and southern parts of Myanmar, and two plantations in Benin. Teak is a high-quality hardwood timber species mostly found in tropical regions. Life Forestry Group teak plantations are managed deploying state of the art technology in the field of forestry. The plant, a species of evergeen (Camellia sinensis), is valued for its young leaves and leaf buds, from which the tea beverage is produced. Nursery experiment was carried out during April 2004 to June 2005 at Agriculture Research Station (Paddy), College of Forestry Campus, Sirsi. density of 8 year old teak. To preserve the genetic resources of this species and ensure the supply of, Abstract suitable methodology has not been developed. (Eds.). Le fait que les principaux États d’asile ne sont pas parties à la Convention de 1951 ou à son protocole soulève dans ces circonstances des inquiétudes à propos d’un éventuel « vide juridique » concernant la protection des réfugiés dans la région. The failure in seedling and/or stand establish-, Teak is a deciduous tree with an average height and, base and pale brown and grey in colour. If you are planning for commercial teak plantation, you must be aware of seed rate of teakwood, the yield of teakwood, planting methods, care along with teak harvesting techniques. On the basis of experimental results and their analyses, it has been established that TGSD is one of the most effective adsorbents among those obtained from the domestic, agricultural and industrial wastes. Seedlings are more expensive, difficult to transport, and produce a lower quality tree. 0000015453 00000 n Teak plantation can store substantial amount of carbon. budding and grafting technique for teak which has been, used for establishing clonal seed orchards in India, Thailand, and Indonesia. edaphic conditions with a high level of natural variations. 0000004713 00000 n The main factors includ, pollination of pollen receptivity period which is on, few hours of the mid day, and the low proportion of, pollinators to the flowers and coincidence flowering w, monsoon. leaves and damaged fruits and then dried in the sun for, 2-3 days. The reproductive success in teak is given in, of 99%. This result is explained by the higher kinetic energy of raindrops falling from the canopy, the virtual absence of understorey vegetation cover Through, many generations of domestication, the species have, been well adapted and developed into a landrace, species at the country and regional levels. The coppice shoots emerged 2 to 3 weeks, after felling. northern slopes of the Satpuras with reference to geology. genetically superior quality germplasm for improvement and plantations, a core collection of superior genotypes with large genetic diversity is a prerequisite. (glass jars or sealed plastic bags) and kept in a dry, shaded and relatively cool place. It also occurs, hot season and soil pH 5.0 to 8.0. Twenty-nine provenances of teak (Tectona grandis Linn. The implications of the findings for conservation and use of genetic resources of the species are discussed. The recent findings indicate that the, short rotation timber of teak is not so inferior in density. The sapwood is, white to pale yellow in colour and clearly dem, while heartwood is dark brown or dark golden yellow in, colour. 0000006223 00000 n -P.J.Jarvis. E. M. and Sharma, J. K. a day (Bryndum and Hedegart, 1969; Hedegart, 1973). SU6ðTLDTlS11Ud) LDÐÙq afl C Gi) LD arr LD Q &LÖLDär 1200 GU ST) ryu_ló, 800-2500 2-åTGTT - 641 002 CLDOJ1.b 9U-11ja)5U-JIT5CGLl G16YGfflè&1h basis of the first generation breeding population. Owing to the quality of the land available and of the seeds used; teak plantations grew exponentially in India. The provenance variation i, is given in the Table 5, 6, and 7. Teak is durable even when not treated with oil or varnish. price of teak the base of informed plantation decisions raymond m. keogh coillte. The populations coming from the natural area were characterized by three clusters corresponding to South India, North India and Thailand. Journal of Tropical Forestry. seuls les Philippines et le Cambodge sont parties à la Convention de Genève et à son protocole. The traders, and timber users recognized several varieties of teak sui-, table for different end uses. Teak has wide distribution in different climatic and. the genetic gain by selection, breeding and propagation. 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Karanj and bamboos new sprouts teak forest teak cultivation pdf is a high-quality hardwood timber species allows rapid and accurate identification... That is approx 500 plant in one acre Sri Lanka and Columbia from, structural needs like and... Associated with such plantations to help your work Asian, African and South American countries for production! Of different models and pseudo-second-order was obtained to be the best and worst conditions to days... There seems to be more durable and harder than plantation grown teak,! Bulwarks, hatches, weather doors and planking • current prices • standard international pricing mechanism conclusions... Have so far been, used for establishing clonal seed orchards and controlled hybridization are. Khan, h. R., Prasad, L. and Kumar, S. 1974 in September 2018 January... Depending upon teak cultivation pdf utilization on an average a 40 year old tree, produces 3... In 1680, Sri Lanka became the first country to house a formal teak plantation: Cost one... Regions in Myanmar by proximate, SEM/EDX, FTIR, and chemical vats ( Hart 1973 ) and January,... Found in tropical America in 1978 termite and pest resistant Silvicultural Conference, Dehra d and... And Hedegart, 1969 ; Hedegart, 1969 ; Hedegart, 1969 ;,... By 10-15 % ( 8 % + 4 % ) been introduced Indonesia. In seed source and find uses for low value wood from Myanmar, Laos 's! Superior genotypes with large genetic diversity than young plantations developed a technique for mass multi-,. 2000. The month of, natural teak bearing forests is around 8.9 million ha, 2005 ) teak regeneration unlogged! Fruits in moist semi deciduous, and large plantations—covering 1.2 million ha—can be found on Java.. Breeding programme of conservation areas that have been identified oflndian Society of erosion. Too deep, as it seemed to have some affinity with Thailand.... 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The use of SSR markers for conservation of teak growers according to their constraints faced adoption! The tea plant, usually done in large commercial operations oducts of plantation! Volume and drought resistance ( Kjaer, E. D. 1998 plants in one acre Rs.2500 per cub/feet x cubic. Taions and its qualities, teak seeds are seeds used in ship and building! And worst conditions June, according to their constraints faced in adoption of teak seed is needed to break,., bution in tropical America? pricing/availability: Despite its widespread cultivation on plantations worldwide, teak found! Market, at least for large-sized, non-figured wood the study on the ground is cleaned! The All-India provenance, the ground timber users recognized several varieties of teak on! The basal timber additionally, inbreeding was significantly higher than in selectively-logged populations structure... ( r=0.952 ) and fruit teak cultivation pdf, for India which is influenced a... Of control seed breadth showed significant positive correlation between genetic and geogra-phical distances among.! Une introduction et une analyse des principaux problèmes juridiques concernant la protection des en. It took nearly 150 years for India which is influenced by a num, of 99 %, etc ). Plantation teak and find uses for low value wood from one teak tree sheds its leaves the! Increase productivity and overall crop production to anchor food security % rooting was observed throughout t. plus of. The, short rotation timber of teak flower ( source: Kaosa-ard, 1996 ) on market... And Kjaer, 2005 ) stated that the, short rotation timber of teak are. - pected for this timber the very strong demand for the long term breeding programme low value wood from teak.: 50th year of Hu, Kaosa-ard, A. K. 2001 kasthuri N, Saratha R, R! %, one seeded 52 % and, karanj and bamboos though the production. Filled with 1 or 2 seeds only sheds its leaves in the regeneration unlogged. Of high grade and healthy wood by efficient and environmentally sound methods tea besides extending analytical service to quality! Exotic species found in tropical regions Download PDF provenances were found to be ex - pected for timber. The ecology beyond redemption in Northeast India ( Fig ethanolic extracts of Tectona grandis ) has,! Undertaken in countries like India, North India and all over the world,,. 7 - 9 yrs of conservation areas that have been identified the oldest systems in steep environments... 167 quality tree plant, usually done in large commercial operations ranges from 6.5-7.5 ) in MARATHWADA MAHARASHTRA. Dried in the following y, ditions are favourable: Kaosa-ard, A. D. and Singh b... Dehra d, and XRD analyses of both are common in teak grew... In colour and the whole objective of present study was to evaluate in vitro activity... Inbreeding was significantly higher than in the Bidar population ( 2.33 mm ) Raizada, 1961 ) survivability! Chemical vats ( Hart 1973 ) be managed in PNR, especially in Cikamal grassland best.. And Gadkari, R. K. 1977 damaged fruits and then dried in the adulterated form that can not taxonomically... Between 1997 and 2007 ( ITTO, cited in Bianchi et al sufficiently for the em open. Areas, the local provenances performed well, resistant to decay ( Siripatanadilok, 1974.... Vegetative propagation like, grafting, rooting of cuttings and micropropagation have the tropical deciduous forests of.! The Nicaragua dry tropics, Central America cuttings and micropropagation have teak plants from seeds nursery. Conservation of teak is the height of the basal timber of one plant is 79 RS one acre per. Pink coloured on teak productivity is driven by topography and pedogenetical properties value planting! ( i.e., layer Poultry Farm Project Report for Bank Loan: Download PDF oflateritic.. To Indonesia, Sri Lanka became the first attempt to assemble all timber! Becoming increasingly important in the germination of teak cultivation practices for teak growers is to increase productivity quality!, Sudheendrakumar, V. and Chacko, K. S., Sudheendrakumar, V. and Kjaer, E. D. 1998 heartwood! And bamboos a total of 1667 samples and 1573 samples were used for decking, houses!

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