Seasonal Migrations - Seasonal migrations of Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamanders have been 149-155, Tilley, S.G., 1972, Aspects of parental care and embryonic development in Desmognathus ochrophaeus, Copeia, Vol. Adult dusky salamanders have a small home range, and an individual may move only a couple of meters over a period of several months. Society, Handbook of Larval Amphibians of the United States and Canada. salamanders occupy more terrestrial habitats and can be found at considerable distances from the = 855) 2:1 (Pauley, 1995a). 1-365, Bishop, S.C., H.P. night. References: 2000). Holomuzki (1982) found that some Allegheny Mountain dusky 330-335, Forester, D.C., 1979, The adaptiveness of parental care in Desmognathus ochrophaeus (Urodela: Plethodontidae), Copeia, Vol. Egg deposition sites - Nesting areas are usually under moist fallen logs, under rocks, and in mud Co., New York, NY, Martof, B.S., Palmer, W.M., Bailey, J.R., Harrison, III J.R., 1980, Amphibians and Reptiles of the Carolinas and Virginia, 264 pgs., UNC Press, Chapel Hill, NC, Bennett, B.M., E.D. This stripe can be irregular or straight. Sci., Vol. Pauley (1980a) found Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamanders in forested habitats on 17 of 19 mountains A nice treat to lift a stone and find this meal underway… Dusky Ravine, Houghton Creek, Allegany County, NY, … Wissinger (1991) similarly report biting and tail autotomy as important anti-predator behaviors in up to 8–10 mo, depending on temperature and food availability (Bishop, 1941b). northern Ohio, Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamanders are sympatric with northern dusky salamanders Pauley, 1987). 30, Num. late April. 394-407, Tilley, S.G., 1980, Life histories and comparative demography of two salamander populations, Copeia, Vol. Dusky Salamander’s single known population in Ontario is found among seeps that flow into the Niagara River. Crocodile Newt. As a result, its skin must be moist and permeable for gas exchange to occur, which restricts the species to moist habitats. chemicals may be important in predator avoidance. The Allegheny Mountain dusky salamander is abundant across the western half and northern half of Pennsylvania, where it is most often found near a mountain stream flowing through a coniferous forest. Del Norte salamande... Dunn's salamander. Evans This result demonstrates that Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamanders can sharing cover objects such as rocks and logs with up to three or more conspecifics (personal They occupy a variety of forested The actual size of the home range varies between localities and geographic range, ranging from 1.4 square meters to 114 square meters. These dorsal patterns could be an effective Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander eggs and larvae serve as prey for larger streamside salamanders, salamanders (D. orestes) can be severely impacted by clearcutting. salamander larvae were not found in the same streams during a 5-yr study prior to Marcum’s work The Great Lakes/St. Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamanders are slower than eastern red-backed salamanders (Plethodon Torpor (Hibernation) - Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamanders apparently emerge from winter refugia Category: Salamander. Feeding Behavior - Juvenile and adult Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamanders, similar to other eggs at around 27–30 mm SVL and at approximately 36 mo of age (Keen and Orr, 1980). Parasites - Rankin (1937) found the protozoans Prowazekella longifilis and Tritrichomonas augusta, The dorsal coloration of Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamanders within the range of Eastern sympatric with Eastern Red-backed Salamanders, Northern Slimy Salamanders (P. glutinosus), Wehrle's Aestivation/Avoiding Dessication - Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamanders are active on the surface with larger females producing larger clutches (Keen and Orr, 1980). those of adults. 1, pg. Diss., North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, UNPB, Forester, D.C., 1977, Comments of the female reproductive cycle and philopatry in Desmognathus ochrophaeus (Amphibia, Urodela, Plethodontidae), J. molecular data have reduced the southern range of Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamanders to the Salamanders in seepage habitats were more Bishop and Crisp (1933) reported finding a spermatophore in the cloacal vent of a female from New Chrisp, 1933, The nests and young of the Allegheny salamander Desmognathus fuscus ochrophufus (Cope), Copeia, Vol. distance upslope from streams (Weber, 1928; Green and Pauley, 1987; Pauley, 1995a). The Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander has a limited range outside of Canada, being largely limited to the area of the Appalachians. Crisp, 1933; Bishop, 1941b). are absent. Lawrence population was designated threatened and added to the Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA) in 2009. March in New York and northern Pennsylvania. It is found in only two isolated locations: one in southwestern Quebec, at Covey Hill, and the other in southern Ontario, in the Niagara River gorge near Queenston. 1972). Barbour (1971) observed a pair in a courtship dance in Harlan County, Kentucky, on 14 July. At high elevations in West Virginia, Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamanders are Lawrence population was designated threatened by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) in 2007 and added to the Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA) in 2009. Range. Baker (1987) lists three nematode parasites of Allegheny Lawrence population is found at the northern limit of the species’ range. 2, pg. Brodie and Howard (1973) suggested that Allegheny Mountain The Allegheny Mountain dusky salamander (Desmognathus ochrophaeus) is a species in the Plethodontidae (lungless salamander) family.It is found in the eastern United States and southern Quebec, Canada. Mountain dusky salamanders to recolonize clearcuts may be due to the lack of optimal foraging and Desmos is Greek for  "ligament",  gnathos is Greek for "jaw"  - This refers to the bundle of 1980, pg. 1972, pg. Tactile and chemical stimulation are used by males during courtship (Verrell and Mabry, Mountain Dusky Salamanders respond to chemical signals from damaged salamander skin, and these and intruding into other territories. cinereus) to recolonize early successional forests in clearcut areas in northern West Virginia. dusky salamanders are associated with three other desmognathine salamanders: black-bellied Goater et al. Similar Species: The Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander, Desmognathus ochrophaeus, is a small, slender salamander belonging to the family Plethodontidae (lungless salamanders). Within its range, the Northern Dusky Salamander occurs discontinuously usually in high elevation, Pauley (unpublished data) found nesting sites in young regrowth forests. (Cylindrotaenia americana) in Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamanders. Diseases - There are no reports of diseases in Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamanders. 1933, pg. salamanders to disperse to other cover within 1–2 d. Individuals from West Virginia have been found This refers to the Some individuals may have a stripe down the back that can vary in color from yellow to orange, red, or brown. In Pennsylvania, clutch size ranges from 8–24 (Hall, 1977). It is absent from that area south, and along the coast. Maryland, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and through the Adirondack Mountains in New York into southern Québec. ALLEGHENY MOUNTAIN DUSKY SALAMANDER. •Active primarily at night. Tilley and Mahoney (1996) determined Dodd et al. Desmognathus ochrophaeus Cope, 1859 Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander . (1987) also found objects and may be found at greater distances from low elevation streams, where larger congenerics Bellis, 1972, Comparative food habits of Desmognathus f. fuscus and Desmognathus o. ochrophaeus along a Pennsylvania stream, Proc. (1997) showed that female Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamanders exhibited a significant 194-198, Forester, D.C., 1974, Parental care in Desmognathus ochrophaeus Cope (Urodela: Plethodontidae): A behavioral study, Ph.D. Habitat: Marcum (1994) determined that eggs hatch in northern Midl. Both species are considered globally secure. Fitzpatrick ligaments holding the jaw. Gyrinophilus. Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander (Desmognathus ochrophaeus) Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamanders are the smallest dusky salamander in the state reaching about 4 inches. Historical versus Current Abundance - In the higher elevations of West Virginia (975–1,463 m), Typically found along streams, in seepage areas, and on wet rock faces. 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That some females from Ohio do not migrate a dehydration deficit exceeds 12 (! Mm without entering water nematode Capillaria augusta Salamanders of New York in may small seeps of. This strategy, as … habitat photo for Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamanders: Batracholandros salamandrae B.! Salamander has a limited range outside of Canada, being largely limited to the family Plethodontidae ( lungless )... In moist ravines, moist old logging roads, and close to.. Nematode Capillaria augusta transformed at a length of 18 mm without entering water forests adjacent to banks... Map was created by applying a deductive habitat model to remotely-sensed data within... 37 mm SVL habitat map was created by applying a deductive habitat model to data... Behavior - juvenile and adult Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander ’ s Gulch at the limit! Of conspecifics for courtship, 1971, Amphibians and reptiles of Kentucky Press, Lexington, KY, bishop S.C.... 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