Explorers, trappers, and miners entering the Lake Clark area brought introduced diseases. Not mentioned in this Park Service-written history is the 1958 controversy over dynamiting a three-mile stretch of beautiful glacier-polished granite next to the Tenaya Lake shoreline and Olmstead Point. Ten years later, explorer Alfred B. Schanz’s party traveled through the Lake Clark area. Today's Lake Clark is a mix of various ethnicities, founded upon a collaborative history. Humans have lived in what is now the Park for at least 10,000 years, a time span of linear Are you curious about the U.S. National Park Service (NPS)? Wilderness Living As the country became more aware of wilderness areas in the 1960s and 1970s, Lake Clark began to receive more visitors. Like many who would follow him, Brown Carlson was a trapper and jack-of-all-trades who built a cabin and cultivated an impressive garden. In retaliation for this and other mistreatments, villagers twice destroyed a Russian trading post on Iliamna Lake in 1800. A few families moved to Tanalian Point, on the southeast shore of Lake Clark. Fossils. Activities. structure in Lake Clark. Lake Clark National Park and Preserve was created in 1980 by the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA), which also provided for continued subsistence use of the park by local residents. The park was set aside so that it could be maintained as a wilderness area and so that its population of sockeye salmon could be protected. Fish. Two sites from this tradition have been documented in the park. Discover and Explore Digital Assets; About; Contact; Harpers Ferry Center Digital Archive on NPGallery. Within twenty years, though, relations had stabilized. In this collection, you will find a vast majority of official travel and recreational destination guides showcasing the historical value, exploratory discoveries, and maintenance of preserved monuments, natural environments, and architectural sites that are important to American history. Their name for the Lake Clark, Qizhjeh Vena, means ‘a place where people gathered’ and is the original name for the lake that now gives its name to the whole park. Demand for furs declined in the 1960s and 1970s, but a new industry was just beginning – wilderness tourism. The Lake Clark National Park and Preserve museum collections consists of more than 200,000 objects-from an impressive herbarium collection to the many journals, letters, and objects of Richard Proenneke. Lake Clark National Park and Preserve, rugged wilderness area in southern Alaska, U.S., on the western shore of Cook Inlet, southwest of Anchorage. Freshwater Plants. A young landscape shaped by uplift, intrusion, earthquakes, volcanism, and glaciation. Photo courtesy of the Alaska State Library. "Where We Found A Whale" A History of Lake Clark National Park & Preserve "In a rock shelter on a dark night, the flames cast long shadows on the walls. Lake Clark National Park and Preserve. In the Lower 48 you are not allowed to hunt in National Parks. Tanalian Point was the first settlement south of Port Alsworth on Lake Clark's southeastern shore. Lake Clark protects the headwaters of the Kvichak and Nushagak Rivers that flow into Bristol Bay, home to the world’s largest wild sockeye salmon run. Location: Lake Clark National Park, Alaska, USA. Kijik is now the name of a lake and river that flows into Lake Clark, as well as an historic village and a National Historic Landmark. The Aleutian Range in Lake Clark is a segment of the circum-pacific Ring of Fire, one of the most active volcanic belts in the world. Lake Clark National Park and Preserve helps protect all these animals similar to National Parks in the Lower 48. P art of a University of Alaska Fairbanks program, this project consists of photo albums and recorded interviews that represent different, but overlapping, historic themes. Today many people continue to use the area’s rich resources in a traditional way. Physical objects can tell as much of a story as a book or storyteller. Lake Clark National Park and Preserve Geology Search Parks & Gear. 5. In 1903, the first permanent white resident arrived in Lake Clark. Welcome to the Lake Clark National Park Information Page. Archeologists, historic architects, curators, ethnographers, and historians work with the community to preserve these resources because they are important components of our shared national and personal identity. The Early American Years In 1867 Russia sold Alaska to the United States for the bargain price of 3 cents per acre. Animals. Wood smoke swirls slightly in the soft night breeze, wreathing freshly painted human figures and animals on the wall in flickers and shadows. These people were followed by the northern Archaic tradition between 6,000 BP and 4,000 BP. Birds. Soon after, the Alaska gold rush reached Lake Clark. Lake Clark National Park was created in 1980, when Jimmy Carter signed the Alaska National Interest Land Conservation Act. Lake Clark National Park, Alaska. Coasts / Shorelines. Local Dena’ina Athabascan people began panning for gold, and supplemented that income by selling furs. The Park has responsibilities that include stewardship of historic buildings, museum collections, archaeological sites, cultural landscapes, oral and written histories, and ethnographic resources. The Age of Air Travel The first aircraft to land on Lake Clark was a Waco 10 biplane on floats in 1930. Image ID: 19149 Qizhjeh Vena, meaning ‘a place where people gathered lake’ in Dena’ina, is the original name of Lake Clark. The earliest human presence known in the area of Lake Clark was at Bristol Bay. Dick Proenneke discovered just that in the 1960s, when he headed to Upper Twin Lake in what is now the national park and, with his own hands, built a cabin that still stands today as an historic structure, as well as a symbol of the romanticism that seems to swirl in the minds of those who dream of living self-sufficient in North America's wilds. On December 2, 1980, 2,146,580-acre (3,354 sq mi; 8,687 km 2) Denali Wilderness was established within the park. Lake Clark, along with several other lakes and streams, is vital to the fishery in Bristol Bay. The Bureau of Land Management originally owned the property. Although the Schanz's group was apparently aware that the Dena’ina name for the lake was Qiz’jeh Vena, they renamed it Lake Clark. One of these very special places is Lake Clark National Park in south-central Alaska. From ancestral trails to historic cabins and modern communities, explore the many special places in Lake Clark National Park and Preserve. Here you will find all you need to know about the natural history of the park.… Lake Clark National Park and Preserve is a 4,030,015 acre park located in southwest Alaska in the United States. The park's collections team preserves objects and specimens from a diverse range of subjects. The depopulation brought about changes in settlements. Lake Clark National Park and Preserve is dedicated to preserving history and passing along an appreciation of our shared history to the public and to the next generation. Lake Clark National Park Image. Soon Tanalian Point resident Floyd Denison had radio contact with Star Airlines in Anchorage, which later became Alaska Air. We offer access to the remotest parts of Lake Clark National Park by using a variety of transportation. Already weakened by epidemics of smallpox, measles, and tuberculosis, Dena’ina people in the Lake Clark area were devastated by a measles and flu epidemic in 1902. One Park, Many Meanings Many of the popular locations within Lake Clark National Park and the surrounding areas go by multiple names, both in Dena'ina and in English. Katmai and Lake Clark National Parks are within the Bristol Bay watershed and provide habitat for brown bears that rely on Bristol Bay’s healthy salmon populations. Forests. Lake Clark preserves the ancestral homelands of the Dena'ina people, an intact ecosystem at the headwaters of the largest sockeye salmon fishery in … The area was originally protected as national monument in 1978 and in 1980 re-designated as a national park following the passing of the Alaska National Interests Conservation Act. Wild salmon feed generations of families in the region, play an essential role in the ecosystem and support the … Grizzly bear. Explore the natural world in Lake Clark, including wildlife, plants, volcanoes, glaciers, and environmental issues that can impact the park. On November 16, 1978, Lake Clark National Monument was created along with 15 others. Mt. This research has gradually revealed the stories of old-time Lake Clark. The sparse historical record for the eighteenth century hints at rapid change for the Alaska Natives in the Iliamna/Lake Clark. In December 1980 the Alaska National Interest Land Conservation Act (ANILCA) was passed by Congress and signed by >a href="http://americanhistory.about.com/od/jimmycarter/a/ff_j_carter.htm">President Carter. The Arctic small tool tradition followed from about 5,000 BP to 3,000 BP. Lake Clark National Park Stock Photos, Natural History Photography Lake Clark National Park Stock Photos by Professional Photographer Phillip Colla. During the first half of the twentieth century, people in the Lake Clark area continued to live on subsistence, mining, and trapping. From oral history recording to historic journal editing to archeological surveys and musem collections, Lake Clark's team helps preserve America's history. Today many people continue to use the area’s rich resources in a traditional way. Lake Clark National Park and Preserve protects resources and provides opportunities for local rural Image ID: 19148 Species: Brown bear, Ursus arctos Location: Lake Clark National Park, Alaska, USA Mature male coastal brown bear boar waits on the tide flats at the mouth of Silver Salmon Creek for salmon to arrive. Photo courtesy of the Vonga and Matrona Bobby Collection. The park contains numerous sites with with special meanings, including places that are on the National Register of Historic Places. Despite this relatively rapid exposure to the wider world, the native communities of the region retain their traditions and languages. human history of Lake Clark National Park and Preserve, a vast region on the western shore of Cook Inlet remarkable for its environmental diver-sity, and rarely if ever populated by large numbers of people. Lake Clark – Lake Iliamna Country. Silver Salmon Creek Lodge, part of a private parcel of 160 acres in Lake Clark National Park, lies at the edge of a spruce forest and is fronted by broad flat sedge grass meadows. The Thu… They tell the story of the Dena’ina people–early events, changes with the influx of Russians, Europeans and Americans, and how they use this place in their way of life. Author: John B. Branson, historian for Lake Clark National Park & Preserve 1st edition: 2007 published by the National Park Service (out of print) 2nd edition: 2009 published by the Bristol Bay Economic Development Corp. National Park Service historians conduct research and prepare studies, assist with environmental compliance review and planning, write nominations for the National Register of Historic Places, and assist Alaska Native village partners. In more recent history, Russian, and Europeans, missionaries, traders, hunters and trappers made … The most famous of these is Dick Proenneke, who built his cabin on Upper Twin Lake in 1968 using only hand tools and lived there alone until 1998, when he was 82. National Park Service, Anchorage, AK. lake clark national park. In more recent times, Russian explorers and missionaries arrived in the 18th century, quickly followed by prospectors, trappers, and entrepreneurs from Western Europe, Canada and the United States. The first Euro-american to give an account of Lake Clark itself was Charles Leslie McKay, collecting for the Smithsonian Institution in 1881. History. Air Quality. Included in the party was John W. Clark, a representative of the Alaska Commercial Company. The historic flight ushered in a new era, and made life in Lake Clark more connected to the outside world. At Lake Clark National Park and Preserve, historians have gathered an unparalleled collection of historic photos and produced several books available to the public. Both parks are renowned for fishing and bear viewing. Lake Clark National Park and Preserve is dedicated to preserving history and passing along an appreciation of our shared history to the public and to the next generation. Alaska Geographic Volume 13, Number 4, 1986. Russian fur-hunters plundered several villages in 1792. In Alaska this is called ‘subsistence’. The Americanized pronunciation of Qiz’jeh Vena, which translates as “lake where many people gather,” is Kijik. Miner, prospectors, and the U.S. Geological Survey explored the Chigmit and Neacola mountains and the Bonanza Hills. In it's heyday during the first 50 years of the 20th century, it was a bustling hub for trappers, prospectors, and travelers. The Athabascan people known as Dena’ina have lived in the Lake Clark region for thousands of years. Currently Viewing Lake Clark National Park and Preserve Geology. Today, the Dena’ina people still rely heavily on the land for food and inspiration just as their ancestors did. Explore the park's natural and cultural museum collection. The Farm Lodge is located in Port Alsworth, the headquarters for Lake Clark National Park and Preserve. The Norton tradition came between 2,200 BP and 1,000 BP, concentrated around Bristol Bay. Redoubt has been recently active, as well as Mt. Environmental Factors. The Lake Clark Jukebox Project - Listen to storytelling by Native community members and watch slideshows of historic photographs. History & Culture Lake Clark has a rich cultural tradition going back 10,000 years that includes Native Alaskans, American homesteaders, and Dick Proenneke. Lake Clark was established as a national monument in December 1978. Whether they are historic --told down through generations of Alaskans-- or more recent and recorded, in the wilderness of Lake Clark stories often feature the conflict of person versus nature. Photo courtesy of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Hill. At just over 4,000,000 acres, this immense park is almost twice the size of big Yellowstone, but gets only one half of one percent as many visitors annually. Geologic Formations. During World War II and after, many of Lake Clark’s residents served their country in the armed forces. Some just passed through, but others put down roots and built cabins. Find out more about modern subsistence use in Lake Clark, or browse the information below to learn more about the people, places, and stories that make this such a unique part of the world. The BLM land surrounding the lodge was designated Lake Clark National Park & Preserve by the Alaska National Interests Lands Conservation Act in 1980. The purchase ushered in a new era of trade and connections with the industrializing world. These items tell the story Lake Clark's people, cultures, and history. The first Russian Orthodox missionaries arrived in 1794, and by the 1830s, travelling priests were conducting services and baptisms regularly in the region. Bristol Bay salmon are the foundation of the region’s traditional culture, way-of-life, and a support a $1.5 billion-dollar commercial and sport fishing industry. Denali's landscape is a mix of forest at the lowest elevations, including deciduous taiga, with tundra at middle elevations, and glaciers, snow, and bare rock at the highest elevations. Artwork by Lake Clark's 2017 Artist-in-Residence Robin Peterson. People of the Paleo-Arctic Tradition lived there between 10,000 years before the present and 7500 BP. We invite you to find inspiration and imagination by reading some of Lake Clark's most notable stories. Russian Encounters The first written documents about Alaska date to 1741, when Russian explorers reached the Aleutian Islands. The religion is still widely practiced today in southwest Alaska. The largest eruption in North America occurred at Novarupta Volcano in Katmai National Park in 1912. Kasatochi. 6. National Park Service. However, in Alaska, many of the National Park areas also have an adjoining “Preserve” piece associated with it (Lake Clark National Park and Preserve). reading some of Lake Clark's most notable stories. St. Augustine and Mt. On December 2, 1980, the monument was changed to a national park, along with all other Alaskan national parks, by the Alaska Native Interests Land Conservation Act. Just twelve years later, Leon “Babe” Alsworth Sr. established the first air taxi service on Lake Clark, based at the new settlement of Port Alsworth. Professional stock photos of Lake Clark National Park. Sources: From the Hinterlands to Tidewater: A Grassroots Pictoral by John Branson, 1998. Lake Clark was named for John W. Clark, chief of the Nushagak trading post and the first American non-Native to see the lake, when an expedition financed by a weekly magazine reached it in February 1891. It was proclaimed a national monument in 1978, and the boundaries and name were altered in 1980 when it became a national park and preserve; the Mature male coastal brown bear boar (grizzly bear) in sedge grass meadows. The land and water supports, shapes and sustains their culture. Original place names like this help you see the land differently. Many remaining Dena’ina people settled in Old Nondalton or Lime Village. Lake Clark's first people are of Alaska Native descent and came to this region a millennia ago. Lake Clark National Park and Preserve was created in 1980 by the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA), which also provided for continued subsistence use of the park by local residents. In 1960, the 5- acres were staked and deeded as a trade and manufacturing site to an Alaska family from Homer who built the original log cabin. The two national parks in Alaska’s Southwest are Lake Clark National Park and Katmai National Park. Lake Clark is the scene of a dynamic, living geology. Lake Clark National Park stock photography. The Dena'ina Athabascan name is Qizjeh Vena which means "place where people gather lake". These names often point out important features and the special meanings that park places have had over the years. 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