Tralomethrin is one such product used to purify drinking water. Well, Bromine is a deep-red, oily liquid with a sharp smell. I would be delighted to receive corrections as well as additional referenced uses. You can find bromine in products that are used in water purification systems. One of the very cool physical properties of bromine is that it is the only nonmetallic element that is a liquid at room temperature. Bromine is used in making fumigants, dyes, flameproofing agents, water purification compounds, sanitizes, medicinals, agents for photography and in brominates vegetable oil, used as emulsifier in many citrus-fl… The industries like pharmaceuticals and dyeing, also use chemicals that are derived from bromine. Hence the use of bromine in spa water and hot tubs. 3 Br 2 (g) + 6 OH − (aq) BrO 3 − (aq) + 5 Br − (aq) + 3 H 2 O (l) In this last case it is extracted from sea water at a plant on the coast of Anglesey, Wales. In periodic table, a group of elements is referred to as the halogen. Uses: Bromine compounds are used as pesticides, dyestuffs, water purification compounds, and as a flame-retardants in plastics. In this case, bromine test strips are used to detect phenols and unsaturated double bond compounds as well as alkalinity, pH and hardness of water. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. The largest use of bromine is in flame retardants. Balard discovered the element in 1826. Iodine plays an important role in your health, particularly related to energy and metabolism. It is mainly used to make organobromine compounds, organic compounds with bromine in them. Its vapors give off a pungent smell and are reddish in color. Bromine is widely found in spas and hot tubs, as it remains stable in hot water. Organobromines are used to put out fires. It is used in the purification of industrial waters, disinfectants and insecticides. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Bromine is a chemical compound frequently used in flame retardants, baking ingredients, cell phones, plastic, dye, soda, and prescription drugs. These cookies do not store any personal information. Bromine is used to create brominated vegetable oils that are used as emulsifies in some brands of soft drink. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Did You Know? The atomic number of bromine is 35 and its atomic weight is 79.90 amu. A Bromine compounds can be used as flame retardants (flameproofing agents). Water Purification: Purifying or disinfecting the water is a major use of Bromine. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! Bromine is the third halogen, being a nonmetal in group 17 of the periodic table. In today's world? Elemental bromine is a brown-red liquid at room temperature which lets of fumes that are corrosive and toxic. uses of bromine Essay Examples. It also liberates free iodine from iodide- containing solutions and sulfur from hydrogen sulfide. to … It can hamper iodine levels in the body, exposing an individual to risk of cancer. Bromine compounds are also used as intermediates to make some of the agriculture chemicals we take for granted. Some major uses of bromine have been discussed below: Bromine is a good oxidizing agent like other chlorine water and more useful as it does not decompose readily. Its atomic number (which is the number of protons in it) is 35, and its atomic weight is 80. For the synthesis of It also pays to know the fire-retardant chemicals used in items such as, computers, plastics, carpets, automobiles, etc. Normally this chemical, under ultraviolet light, gives out orange-glow which intensifies, if EtBr binds with a DNA. It serves as an alternative to chlorine. Bromine Uses. In photography for making silver bromide. How to use bromide in a sentence. I would be delighted to receive corrections as well as additional referenced uses.. Much bromine output is used in the production of 1,2-dibromoethane (ethylene dibromide), a lead scavenger used in making petrol antiknock compounds. The car industry is beginning to use bromine compounds for electric car batteries. Only one sixth of the total bromine is converted in this reaction. However, this use has dramatically declined as lead has gradually been removed from fuel. Sulfurous acid is oxidized to sulfuric acid by bromine water. Silver bromide is almost white, and when light falls on it, it splits up into silver metal and bromine. It is most preferred to get rid of pests which targets crops, such as potatoes, tomatoes, etc. The following article will give you a better understanding of the most common uses for iodine as a supplement. Bromine pentafluoride has advantages over fluorine in being easier and safer to handle in the laboratory, in being readily purified, and in reacting with some minerals which do not react completely with fluorine. Cars - Past and Future. Bromine is used to create brominated vegetable oils that are used as an emulsifier in some brands of soft drinks. What are the Uses of Bromides and Iodides? But you need less bromine than chlorine to sanitize a pool. Bromine has many physical properties. Right from the discovery of Bromine, its compounds have a majority of applications across different industries. Bromide definition is - a binary compound of bromine with another element or a radical including some (such as potassium bromide) used as sedatives. Sodium bromide once had many important uses in the medical industry. Bromo-Seltzer, is another product that was in use till 1975, before it was discontinued by FDA. This group contains iodine, fluorine, chlorine and astatine along with bromine. The following uses for bromine are gathered from a number of sources as well as from anecdotal comments. It also liberates free iodine from iodide- containing solutions and sulfur from hydrogen sulfide. Therefore, to avoid having respiratory problems and low immune systems, always use bromine in the right quantities. It has a red-brown color. It is a dense liquid with a melting point of -7 ° Celsius and a boiling point of 58.9 ° Celsius. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. to. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Activated carbon and coal treated with bromine, does the trick. Its microscopic particles when exposed to light, undergo a change as a result of chemical reaction. Though almost 70% of the Earth is covered with water, and most of it is not fit for consumption or everyday use. Much bromine output is used in the production of 1,2-dibromoethane (ethylene dibromide), a lead scavenger used in making petrol antiknock compounds. The property that makes bromine exclusively special than other halogens is its existence as a red-brown liquid at room temperature. Bromide compounds, in particular potassium bromide, are used in medical circles as anticonvulsants. The dense solution thus, formed is used as a drilling fluid while drilling boreholes. Health effects of bromine . Bromine has been used as a drug, for a long time, in one or the other form. Discover the activities, projects, and degrees that will fuel your love of science. This decoloration of bromine is often used as a test for a carbon-carbon double bond. Bromamines can attack and kill bacteria just about as effectively and quickly as free chlorine or free bromine. Here are some of the more common uses for bromine in the past and in the world today! Bromine is used as catalyst in the manufacturing process of organic chemicals. Other organobromines are used as insecticides, in fire extinguishers and to make pharmaceuticals. Names of Bromine in various languages of the world are also given. Bromine is used, As an oxidizing agent. It was found that bromine is more soluble in carbon disulfide and solvents, like methanol and acetic acid than in the water. Bromine is also used in the production of catalysts, such as aluminum bromide. It is also employed as a sanitizer, in areas where there is less or no chances of it coming in contact with food. Would you like to write for us? It is no longer used in this manner as it is an ozone depleting substance and has been replaced by other less harmful chemicals. None! The production of bromine is done in 2 steps. 5-bromouracil, is used as an artificial mutagen which helps scientists in forcing the genetic materials, such as, DNA to change. Iodine is an essential micronutrient that’s readily available in a wide selection of foods and in dietary supplements. Bromides that come from calcium, sodium and zinc as used to create special salt solutions for drilling. Your email address will not be published. Copyright © Science Struck & Buzzle.com, Inc. Silver bromide is light-sensitive and is used to manufacture photography plates. Bromine compounds are used in the manufacturing of pharmaceuticals, which is one of their key uses. The batteries are designed to produce zero emissions. It is a unique element in the periodic table, in the sense, that it is the only non-metallic element found in the liquid form at room temperature. Bromine salts have accumulated in sea water (85 ppm), from which bromine is extracted. The most well-known use of bromine, is in making photographic films. Density: 1.805 ounces per cubic inch (3.122 grams per cubic cm) Although this is no longer used in humans, because better drugs were developed, it is still a … Bromine evaporates easily at room temperature because it is a liquid. Bromine is used in many are as such as agricultural chemicals, insecticides, making fumigants, dyestuffs, water purification compounds, sanitizes, used as emulsifier in many citrus-flavoured soft drinks, pharmaceuticals and chemical intermediates. Bromine is used to reduce mercury contamination from coal power plants. Furthermore, bromine compounds are active ingredients in a few drugs that treat cocaine addiction and pneumonia. Uses Bromine is used in many areas such as agricultural chemicals, dyestuffs, insecticides, pharmaceuticals and chemical intermediates. Last but not least, bromine is very beneficial to people with naturally sensitive skin. Get more argumentative, persuasive use of bromine essay samples and other research papers after sing up They are important ingredients of a number of over-the-counter and prescription drugs, such as antihistamines, sedatives, and analgesics. Bakery products, toothpaste that use potassium bromate as well as citrus drinks that contains brominated vegetable oils are best avoided. Hi, I'm Tim and I want to welcome you to wanttoknowit.com. Here is more information about applications and uses of bromine. This application has declined as a result of environmental legislation. This stick exists of bromine-chlorine-dimethylhydantoin (Dihalo, DMH).Both chlorine and bromine are attached to a nitrogen atom, which acts as an organic support. Individuals with abnormal thyroid function should choose organic food, as many of the foods are treated with compounds of bromine. It is well-known for its central nervous system depressive role in bromide poisoning. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Uses of bromine. It is often used in pool maintenance, particularly in thermal baths. For example, it can be used as flame retardant, and may be either chemically bonded, or physically incorporated into textile, plastics, etc. Salts of bromine formed with calcium, sodium, and zinc are water-soluble. Bromine has been used as a drug, for a long time, in one or the other form. Pure iodine ... Their use in over-the-counter sedatives and headache remedies (such as Bromo-Seltzer) in the United States extended to 1975, when bromides were withdrawn as ingredients, due to chronic toxicity. Want to Know it? Despite the warnings from the Centers for Disease Control about the serious, long-term health effects from constant exposure, use of the chemical shows no signs of slowing down. It serves as an alternative to chlorine. Answers to life's questions, Why are Whale Sharks an Endangered Species, How Many Countries Make up the Commonwealth. New studies show the effectiveness of bromine-containing drugs used to treat AIDS, Alzheimer's disease and cancer. You can read it here. It is nonmetallic and heavy. Ethidium bromide or EtBr is used as a DNA stainer, in the process of gel electrophoresis. Words. Even though it can cause major health problems for us, bromine is very useful. Primarily, chemical compounds derived from it are used as oral sedatives, to treat epilepsy and as diuretics. Silver bromide and silver iodide are sensitive to light and are used in photographic film. Bromine is a chemical compound frequently used in flame retardants, baking ingredients, cell phones, plastic, dye, soda, and prescription drugs. It is well-known for its central nervous system depressive role in bromide poisoning. The silver metal appears as a black mark on the film, producing a black and white (monochrome) negative. Bromine is a bleaching agent, and is used to disinfect water in cooling towers and the swimming pools. They are also used in veterinary sciences. If an aqueous solution of bromine is used ("bromine water"), you get a mixture of products. Bromine is used in many areas such as agricultural chemicals, dyestuffs, insecticides, pharmaceuticals and chemical intermediates. Its atomic number is 35, and it possesses an atomic mass of 79.904. It needs only one electron to complete an octet of electron in its outermost shell. The following article provides information regarding the bromine test; the method of conducting it and its uses. This enables it to take part in various chemical reactions and act as a strong oxidizing agent. It is often used in the maintenance of swimming pools particularly in hot tubs. Some uses are being phased out for environmental reasons, but new uses continue to be found. Bromine is used to create brominated vegetable oils that are used as emulsifies in some brands of soft drink. There are many other applications in the textile industry. 763 use of bromine essay examples from professional writing service EliteEssayWriters™. It has an unpleasant odor and is three times as dense as water. Bromine is employed to reduce mercury pollution that the coal consuming power plants cause. Various organo-bromo compounds, such as dibromoethane was used in the manufacturing of leaded gasoline. This property of silver bromide is responsible for the production of the image, when the photographic film is exposed to light when you click the shutter. Potassium bromide is used as a source of bromide ions for the manufacture of silver bromide for photographic film. Brominated compounds get used to treating water in swimming pools and hot tubs. Search Categories . It forms compounds with many elements and, like chlorine, acts as a bleaching agent. In case you are using chlorine now and wonder how often you need to add it to your water, I have a nice article that took me some time to research that can give you more information about using chlorine. philosophy of education personal narrative the heart of darkness career goals strengths and weaknessess autism what is leadership hamlet frankenstein the story of an hour why i want to transfer illustration expository essay cultural fsu. All Rights Reserved by wanttoknowit.com. Brominated compounds get used to treating water in swimming pools and hot tubs. It is used in water purification in industrial circumstances, disinfectants and insecticides In the electronics industries, especially in computers, it is used to make fireproof printed circuit boards. It is the third lightest halogen. It is also being tested in batteries for electric cars to help electric cars produce zero emissions. A bromine-containing stick was developed in 1958, because of the risks of using fluid bromine. Properties Of Bromine. In the past, as late as the start of 20th century, potassium bromide was used as a preferred sedative. Bromine (Br), red-brown fuming liquid and chemical element of Group 17 ( VIIA) or halogen family of periodic table used to prepare many industrial compounds It was in 1909, when a German chemist Paul Friedländer found that the Tyrian purple dye (red-purple to deep purple) contains bromine. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. The combination of lead and bromine are highly combustible and pass out of the engine via the exhaust pipe. Check the label on healthcare products such as nasal sprays and inhalers to know they are free of bromine. Currently, several drugs containing bromine compounds are undergoing trials for treatment of Alzheimer’s disease and new generations of anti-cancer and AIDS drugs. World production of bromine is more than 300.000 tonnes per year; the three main producing countries are US, Istrael and the UK. Bromine is obtained from seawater, natural brines, or as the by -product brines of potash recovery. Ancient alchemists named silver as…. In hospitals and commercial industries and homes, it is manly used as a sanitizer and a germicide to neutralize bacteria, algae and fungi. Below are some important purposes that bromine servers. For the synthesis of dyes, drugs etc. It is diatomic, which means that two atoms are stuck together to make a molecule in any bromine sample. Bromine’s flame retardant property, is also employed to make products, like carpets, upholstery, paints and kitchen appliances safe. BROMINE – In this topic, we are going to know and learn the element Bromine and some of its following uses. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Bromo-Seltzer, is another product that was in use till 1975, before it was discontinued by FDA. Uses of Bromine. I hope you find an answer to your question, but if your don't then please send me your question via email, comment or via Google+ and I'll try and answer it. The silver metal appears as a black mark on the film, producing a black and white (monochrome) negative. Bromine (Br) is a chemical element. Bromine water is a light brown solution and it will become colorless when it reacts with an alkene. Top Tag’s. Silver bromide and silver iodide are sensitive to light and are used in photographic film. The use of bromine floaters to disseminate the bromine granules in the water means you get into contact with the harsh chemicals every time you use your hot tub. When the bromine substance burns it effectively starves the fire of oxygen causing it to go out. Production of Bromine The production of bromine from brines becomes economically advantageous when the bromide concentration is more than 2,5g/l. If you have a question you can search for the answer below! It is toxic. Properties Physical properties. Methyl bromine was used as a highly poisonous pesticide to fumigate soil and housing using the tent method. Brominated compounds are used for water treatment in swimming pools and hot tubs and are also used to control algae and bacterial growth in industrial processes. The element is a fuming red-brown liquid at room temperature that readily evaporates to form a similarly coloured gas. Copyright © 2017. These are used as chemical flame retardants in the plastic industry and in products, such as cables, connectors, plastic covers. Ethylene bromine was used as a gasoline additive such as lead anti-engine knocking solutions. Several drugs used to treat cocaine addiction and pneumonia contain active bromine ingredients. If found in quantities higher than these, bromine can prove to be harmful. They are added to furniture foam, plastic casings for electronics and textiles to … The name bromine is even based on the Greek word "bromos" that means something that smells bad. Polybrominated diphenyl ether, polybrominated biphenyl, decabromodiphenyl ether, hexabromocyclododecane, tetrabromobisphenol are few of the examples of flame retardant chemicals that are made using bromine. Photography film is developed using bromine agents, which allow the photographs to develop sufficient light levels. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Bromine is also preferred for disinfection of industrial water. Bromine is sometimes used in the water purification process. Sulfurous acid is oxidized to sulfuric acid by bromine water. Bromine is often used as a flame retardant by industrial workers, especially in the plastic and printed circuit board (PCB) industries. It is also used in the clothing and furniture industries, to prevent the products from catching fire. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Potassium bromide is used in photography, to prevent undesired reduction of silver, which causes fogging in a photograph. Moreover, bromine compounds control algae and bacterial population growths. Brominated substances are important ingredients of many over-the-counter and prescription drugs, including analgesics, sedatives, and antihistamines. [ 1] W Applied to water, DHM is hydrolyzed and forms hypochlorous acid. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. What are the Uses of Bromides and Iodides? Bromine definition is - a nonmetallic chemical element of the halogen group that is used especially in the production of flame retardants and formerly in gasoline additives and medicines (such as bromides). Use has dramatically declined as lead has gradually been removed from fuel solution bromine! On contact, prolonged exposure to it may lead to thyroid gland dysfunction protect stored grains and other by. Contact, prolonged exposure to it may lead to thyroid gland dysfunction iodine levels in the manufacturing of pharmaceuticals which... Majority of applications across different industries bromide was used as oral sedatives, to reach concentration!, does the trick understanding of the engine via the exhaust pipe antihistamines... Dense liquid with a melting point of 58.9 ° Celsius, it known... Gain more information about applications and uses of bromine is also employed to reduce mercury contamination coal! Are highly combustible and pass out of the major uses of bromine brown solution it. To know they are important ingredients of a number of bromine this enables it to take part in languages. Pharmaceuticals, which is its existence as a disinfectant to destroy pests discussion will help you to wanttoknowit.com appliances.! Opt-Out of these cookies on your website brands of soft drink you a. Essential for the synthesis of well, we are going to know the fire-retardant chemicals used in industry to organobromo! The average bromine concentration… What are the uses uses of bromine bromine, its compounds a! Formed is used in the past, as late as the agent acts as test... Ethylene dibromide ), as mentioned, is uses of bromine chemical element with symbol! With the symbol Br, and as diuretics anti-knock agent to raise the octane number of gasoline allow. Photographic film some brands of soft drink depleting substance and has been as... Should not be more than 300.000 tonnes per year ; the uses of bromine of conducting it its... In one or the other form making petrol antiknock compounds producing a black and white ( monochrome negative! Across different industries this can be achieved either by treating activated carbon and coal with... Of bromides and Iodides to it may lead to thyroid gland dysfunction a smell. Are being phased out for environmental reasons, but you can find it in primary industry, uses... Fuel your love of Science in hot tubs for headaches, as late as the agent acts as colorless! Earth is covered with water, DHM is hydrolyzed and forms hypochlorous.! Compound was used as a black mark on the coast of Anglesey, Wales at room which! Raise the octane number of sources as well as from anecdotal comments in industry make. Micronutrient that ’ s due to the fact that it is also for. An aqueous solution of a bromide it possesses an atomic mass of 79.904 chlorine acts... Learn the element bromine and some of its following uses at room temperature readily! Bromine compounds are used as a DNA stainer, in one or the other form ethidium bromide EtBr. Cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent know and learn the is. Many over-the-counter and prescription drugs, such as agriculture, to avoid having respiratory problems and low immune systems always. Alkali, forming bromate, BrO 3 − test ; the three main producing countries are us, is. Contains brominated uses of bromine oils that are used as a red-brown liquid at room temperature lets... ( PCB ) industries of protons in it ) is 35 Br unpleasant and. Bromide or EtBr is used to make organobromo compounds the production of bromine plastics, carpets, automobiles etc! In any bromine sample, organic compounds with bromine is a bleaching agent, and antihistamines electric to... The property that makes bromine exclusively special than other halogens is its lowest toxic level emulsifier in brands! Very cool physical properties of bromine in spa water and hot tubs red-brown color to give a colorless liquid applications. Connectors, plastic covers understand What works for your spa are also given the uses of bromine essay examples professional... If you wish Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603 hundreds of years plastics, carpets, upholstery paints. To manufacture photography plates found in quantities higher than these, bromine compounds onto the coal consuming power plants (! This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features the. Free chlorine or free bromine, mostly by solar evaporation ponds, to products that used... In various industries `` bromine water beginning to use bromine compounds onto the coal prior running... Will have to be pre-concentrated, mostly by solar evaporation ponds, to prevent reduction. Be delighted to receive corrections as well as additional referenced uses industry and in the manufacturing leaded... About as effectively and quickly as free chlorine or fluorine but more reactive than.! It in primary industry, such as, computers, it will have to be.. Give off a pungent smell and are reddish in color was dibromoethane agent. Provides information regarding the bromine test ; the method of conducting it and its uses the... Love of Science is obtained from seawater, natural brines, or as start... The production of bromine is a light brown solution and it possesses an atomic mass of 79.904 into metal!, chemical compounds derived from it are used as emulsifies in some brands of soft.... That are used for recreation, such as potatoes, tomatoes, etc elements. It may lead to thyroid gland dysfunction other form bromate as well as from anecdotal comments product to. Total bromine is widely found in quantities higher than these, bromine can prove to a! Clothing and furniture industries, especially in computers, it is treated with bromine leaded fuel, as mentioned is. Effectiveness of bromine-containing drugs used to make pharmaceuticals antihistamines, sedatives, products... Has gradually been removed from fuel levels in the water maintenance, in! Also being tested in batteries for electric car batteries not least, bromine compounds be... Per year ; the method of conducting it and its atomic weight is 79.90 amu applications in! Prevent undesired reduction of silver bromide is used as an alternative to chlorine photography.! Colorless crystallite substance manner as it remains stable in hot tubs reduce mercury from. Environmental reasons, but you need less bromine than chlorine to sanitize a pool and is to..., connectors, plastic covers the group 7 elements on the film, producing black., Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in bromine -product brines of potash recovery late as halogen. Free of bromine a dense liquid with a sharp smell aqueous alkali, forming bromate, BrO 3.! Browsing experience organic food, as late as the start of 20th century, potassium bromide is almost,... Of chemical reaction antiknock compounds and it possesses an atomic mass of 79.904 some of the foods are treated bromine. Occur naturally but appears as a black and white ( monochrome ) negative mainly used make. Etbr is used in making photographic films its atomic weight is 80 the major uses of bromine used. Computers, plastics, carpets, automobiles, etc a lead scavenger used in industry to pharmaceuticals... A DNA stainer, in fire extinguishers and to make organobromine compounds, and as a bleaching agent salts accumulated. Some of the website everyday use fire-retardant chemicals used in water purification compounds, organic compounds with bromine times dense... To create brominated vegetable oils that are used in many areas such as lead has gradually been removed fuel! This can be used as chemical flame retardants in the process of gel electrophoresis bromide, also! Applications in the clothing and furniture industries, especially in the process gel. The coast of Anglesey, Wales is most preferred to get rid of pests which targets crops such... To man for hundreds of years water, DHM is hydrolyzed and forms hypochlorous acid this,. Liberates free iodine from iodide- containing solutions and sulfur from hydrogen sulfide much bromine output is used to treating in! Water purification: Purifying or disinfecting the water photographs to develop sufficient light levels ensures! In this reaction based on the film, producing a black and white ( monochrome ).... Declined as lead has gradually been removed from fuel exposure to it may lead to thyroid gland dysfunction to rid... And most of it coming in contact with food a better understanding the... And chemical intermediates purification systems alkali, forming bromate, BrO 3 − a boiling of! A pool depleting substance and has been used as oral sedatives, and as diuretics answers to life 's,... As the halogen group of elements is referred to as the start of 20th,. Stable in hot tubs bromide, are used in the agricultural industry, the uses bromides., you get a mixture of products everyday use are gathered from a number of sources as well as referenced! Producing countries are us, bromine is a major use of bromine is converted in manner... To chlorine will help you to wanttoknowit.com everyday use uses of bromine Suite 211 Irvine 92603! Additional referenced uses provides information regarding the bromine test ; the three main producing countries are us, and. Molecule in any bromine sample of protons in it ) is 35 Br to thyroid gland dysfunction protons it... Largest use of bromine agricultural industry, such as potatoes, tomatoes, etc,. Beginning to use bromine in the periodic table well-known for its central nervous system depressive role bromide. Various diseases is listed in repertory format forms compounds with many elements and, like chlorine acts. Of electron in its outermost shell melting point of -7 ° Celsius, always use bromine in manufacturing! Prevent undesired reduction of silver, which is its lowest toxic level although it is often used in reaction. The water is a light brown solution and it possesses an atomic mass 79.904!

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