There are many potential causes of soil pollution. Some of the causes of soil pollution are given below: 1. Effects on the fertility of plants. Some contaminants like heavy metals, pesticides, and herbicides might be carcinogenic in nature, while other chemicals can lead to congenital disorders. The Effects of Soil Pollution on Humans Organ Damage. Radioactive heavy metals such as uranium, radium and plutonium pollute the soil in some places, either naturally or because of human activity. Soil pollution negatively affects the lives of humans, … Soil pollution may cause a variety of health problems, starting with headaches, nausea, fatigue, skin rash, eye irritation and potentially resulting in more serious conditions like neuromuscular blockage, kidney and liver damage and various forms of cancer. Soil pollution is a global threat that is particularly serious in regions like Europe, Eurasia, Asia and North Africa, as indicated by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Soil that is not significantly polluted may still harm humans indirectly, according to Pollution Issues... Cancer. They can poison plants. Hazardous chemicals in the soil can potentially wipe out living organisms in the soil. Since the volatile contaminants in the soil can be carried away into the atmosphere by winds or can seep into underground water reserves, soil pollution can be a direct contributor to air and water pollution. ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION 6 chemistry. There they promote the growth of algae and other harmful plants. Soil pollutants eventually leach their way through the soil and into groundwater. Since the plants can not naturally get rid of these contaminants, they accumulate in the plants system, causing an ever increasing amount of pollution. The contamination of soil with different harmful toxic chemicals is known as soil pollution. The contamination or degradation of soils impacts heavily on the health of plants. Considering how soil is the reason we are able to sustain ourselves, … It occurs when the pollutants causing the pollution reduce the quality of the soil and convert the soil inhabitable for microorganisms and macro organisms living in the soil. Fungi and bacteria found in the soils cannot bind the soil due to chemical changes and this causes soil erosion. Water Pollution. When soil becomes highly polluted, plants fail to grow. Soil polluted by chemicals eventually becomes infertile and unable to support crops and other plant life. Effects of soil contamination on soil fertility. Effects of land pollution. EFFECTS ON ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES – If soil pollution will take place it will also carry economic losses with it, the toxic chemicals and metals which are found in soil and because of soil pollution they will reduce the soil fertility and as a result we will be unable to grow crops and have to face economic losses in business. Soil pollution also spreads to polluted water that absorbs by the soil. Therefore, there is reduction in crop yields. They also can cause toxic reactions in people and animals. Nutrients added to the soil by agricultural interests to increase crop yields … The types, causes, effects and also solutions to the soil pollution … Thus, soil pollution can lead to air pollution and water pollution. Thus, the entire food chain suffers as a result of soil contamination. Effects of Soil Pollution Pollutants in soil, most often from industrial sources, deforestation and improper waste disposal, put animals and plants in danger. The three types are major because they affect the three major components of the earth; land, sea and atmosphere. When plants grow in polluted soil, the yield is negatively impacted in terms of both quantity and quality. Slightly contaminated soil can harm humans through bioaccumulation. Ground pollution effects vary based on the specific type of soil pollution as each one causes a wide variety of harmful environmental effects. Polluted soil can harm humans by making contact with the soil or consuming vegetation produce from contaminated soils. The radioactive metals also cause damage to the chromosomes of animals and people, leading to mutations, cancer, and a variety of other problems. By Oishimaya Sen Nag on September 27 2018 in Environment. This occurs when plants are grown in lightly polluted soil, which continuously absorbs the molecules of the pollutants. This irrigation causes salts to build up in the soil. Humans can be affected by soil pollution through the inhalation of gases emitted from soils moving upward, or through the inhalation of matter that is disturbed and transported by the wind because of the various human activities on the ground. The presence of heavy metals in soil in toxic amounts can cause irreversible developmental damage in... Bioaccumulation. Oil does not dissolve in water and hence oil usually floats on the surface of water. The pollution effect of microplastic particles is also related to many other factors, such as soil structure and composition, climate and environmental factors. Soil pollution causes perilous effects on our environment and leads to several health hazards. Since soil pollution is not a lone standing entity, its effects are carried over as water pollution and air pollution. This pollutes local water sources, including wells and springs, making the water dangerous to drink and for local wildlife and plants. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. These additions mostly result from human activities such as mining, modern practices in agriculture, deforestation, indiscriminate dumping of human-generated waste, and irregular disposal of untreated wastes from various industries. The different acids in the soil dissolve the soil crumbs which help to hold together the rock particles. Wind can pick up the soil contaminants, which remain in the air as suspended contaminants. Other effects of soil pollution include: Since plants usually are quite sensitive to changes in their natural environmental conditions, soil contamination can lead to a decline in fertility of the affected plants. It can also contribute towards acid rain (by releasing huge quantities of ammonia into the atmosphere). ~ Creation of toxic dust is another potential effect of soil pollution. Soil does not need to be highly contaminated to be harmful to humans. Soil pollution, also known as soil contamination, is caused due to the presence of human-made chemicals in the soil at harmful concentrations. The health effects of soil contaminants depend on a variety of factors, such as the nature of the pollutant, mode of attack, and vulnerability of the exposed population. As a result, the soil becomes vulnerable to the erosional forces of both wind and water. It also plays a key role in the distribution of the plants. Oil pollution in particular is a kind of water pollution, and a dangerous one at that. A well-documented example is a nuclear accident in Chernobyl, which has left an area of 2,600 km 2 uninhabitable for several thousand years. Animals that depend on such plants as a food source also suffer. ~ Soil pollutants would bring in alteration in the soil structure, which would lead to death of many essential organisms in it. Thus, soil poll… What Are The Harmful Effects Of Littering? Those are just the long term effects of soil pollution. Soil Pollution Leads to Air and Water Contamination. Damaging the upper layer of soil through the use of fertilizer and pesticides in agriculture, the contaminated land can lose its fertility and may no longer be used for agricultural purposes in the long run. They increase microbe levels, and reduce the oxygen content of the whole body of water. Wind can pick up the soil contaminants, which remain in the air as suspended contaminants. If you are considering buying a home, get your soil tested to make sure there are no problems in the land itself. ~ Foul smell due to industrial chemicals and gases might result in headaches, fatigue, nausea, etc., in many people. The health effects of exposure to soil contaminants can also lead to liver toxicity, kidney failure, and neurological disorders. It is disturbing to think that the benefits of a healthy ecosystem are threatened by land and soil pollution. On land, fertilizer-based soil pollution causes a wide variety of problems due to poisoning, such as: Salinization of the soil is a common pollution problem caused by irrigation in arid and semi-arid climates. Salts are very difficult to remove from soil, so this is a pernicious problem. The presence of a number of acids in the soil, such as hydrochloric and sulfuric acids, creates a damaging effect on soil referred to as soil friability. Soil pollution Another adverse effect of land pollution is the contamination of soil. Pollution is ruining our earth badly, so we have to stop thinking about the ill effects of this and stop it as soon as possible. Common soil contaminants include heavy metals, solvents, petroleum hydrocarbons, pesticides, and herbicides. Some of the adverse effects are as follows: Plants will not be able to adapt to sudden changes occurring in the soil. Industrial chemicals, lead contamination, radioactive metals, leaking underground fuel tanks, improper disposal of hazardous materials, agricultural chemicals, salts, sewage, all are among the causes of modern soil pollution. The failure of plants to grow in turn affects animals and humans dependent on these plants for food and other needs. Soil pollution is defined as the presence of poisonous chemicals in the soil. Soil pollution refers to anything that causes contamination of soil and degrades the soil quality. Large tracts of land become barren; unable to support any life on it. Moreover, the fertility of plants is likely to be reduced due to the issue of soil pollution. Effects of Land & Soil Pollution. This earth, it provides land, clean water and air to all humans, plants and live animals to live peacefully without discrimination. When harmful chemical and toxic elements are released into the soil, it can turn to be extremely dangerous for human beings. 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