Geologically, however, it's a scientific treasure trove. There's a large salt dome volcano called Gada Ale that measures two kilometers across and has spread lava around the region. Carolyn Collins Petersen is an astronomy expert and the author of seven books on space science. The Danakil Depression in Ethiopia is one of the hottest and harshest environments on earth, with an average annual temperature of 94 degrees Fahrenheit (34.4 Celsius). This is the Danakil Depression, a basin in north-eastern Ethiopia, close to the Red Sea. The Danakil Desert is a desert in northeast Ethiopia, southern Eritrea, and northwestern Djibouti. Under the burning sun, the temperatures reach 63ºC and in summer never fall below 40º. Map of Tectonic Plates and Their Boundaries, Introduction to Convergent Plate Boundaries, Rift Valley - The Crack in the Planet's Crust in Eastern Africa, Orogeny: How Mountains Form Through Plate Tectonics, Such organisms are called "extremophiles", M.S., Journalism and Mass Communications, University of Colorado - Boulder. Temperatures known to reach 125 degrees have earned this place titles such as “The Gateway to Hell,” and National Geographic’s designation as “The cruelest place on Earth.” Please feel free to reach us using the following address. Volcanic activity continues in the Danakil Region as the rift valley widens. Not just that, the depression is constantly spewing out killer vapors of … This inhospitable land has been home to the Afar (Danakil) people for at least two thousand years. In addition to being extremely hot year-round, the climate of the lowlands of the Danakil Depression is also extremely dry and hyperarid in terms of annual average rainy days as only a few days record measurable precipitation. Weather forecast for Danakil Depression (Afar Regional State), with all weather data such as: Temperature, Felt temperature, Atmospheric pressure, Relative humidity, Wind speed, Wind gusts, Isotherm, Precipitation, Cloud cover and Heat index - www.ViewWeather.com Not far away is another very salty (hypersaline) lake called Afrera. Danakil is dotted with lava lakes that bubble inside the volcanic calderas of the Dallol area, and hot springs and hydrothermal pools permeate the air with the distinct rotten-egg smell of sulfur. Walk close enough to the water and you will encounter a temperature which is near boiling point. The scientific name for her species is "australopithecus afarensis" as a tribute to the region where she and fossils of others of her kind have been found. It's the hottest place on Earth and during the summer months, temperatures can get up to a high of 55 degrees Celsius (131 degrees Fahrenheit) thanks to … [8][9], Among the geological points of interest to tourists are the hydrothermal system of Dallol[10] and the Yellow Lake. It is one of the lowest points on earth not covered by water. The Danakil depression, the root source of virtually all salt sold in Ethiopia, is a cocktail of salt flats, volcanoes, sulfur fields and red rocks and is synonymous with sweltering heat, where temperatures averages 34 degrees Celsius and at times climb to 50 degrees. There is even a limited amount of tourism that takes hardy travelers into this "hell on Earth.". In a recent study, researchers identified the Danakil Depression, in northeastern Ethiopia, as one of the most inhospitable places in the world. The average high temperature in New York City in mid-July is 84 degrees, the same as Miami's low on Sunday. The Danakil Depression was formed due to the activities of three tectonic plates in the region. Danakil and the Afar people. Volcanic activity will continue as the rift created by the moving plates widens. During the rainy season, large portions of the Danakil depression can be covered with runoff water. Advertisement. A NASA Earth Observing Systems view of the Danakil Depression from space. The abandoned settlement of Dallol, in the far north, is considered the hottest place in the world on average, having a daily temperature of 35 °C (95 °F) all year round: lows are around 30 °C (86 °F) and highs around 40 °C (104 °F), or at least these were the data reported at that time. In 1974, researchers led by paleoanthropologist Donald Johnson found the fossil remains of an ​Australopithecus woman nicknamed "Lucy". unusualplaces.org A … [11], Coordinates: 14°14′30″N 40°18′00″E / 14.2417°N 40.3°E / 14.2417; 40.3, Geological depression, northern part of the Afar Triangle or Afar Depression in Ethiopia, "Gazing Into Danakil Depression's Mirror, and Seeing Mars Stare Back", "Hydrothermal Systems Show Spectrum of Extreme Life on Earth", "Africa's Danakil Desert – National Geographic Magazine", "Hyperdiverse archaea near life limits at the polyextreme geothermal Dallol area", "They Didn't Find Life in a Hopeless Place - In some of the world's saltiest, most acidic bodies of superheated water, even the most extreme forms of archaea couldn't survive", "A poly-extreme hydrothermal system controlled by iron: the case of Dallol at the Afar Triangle", "Yellow lake is located in the Danakil Depression", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Danakil_Depression&oldid=989352607, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 14:20. How Hot is Dallol, Ethiopia? These wet environments at the Danakil Depression are being investigated to help understand how life might arise on other planets and moons. It would seem that life would be nearly impossible in Danakil. The annual average high temperature is 41 °C (105 °F) and the hottest month has an average high of 46.7 °C (116.1 °F). Hot springs in the Danakil region offer access to mineral-rich waters that support extremophile life forms. Its climate is a real test of stamina for any ‘faranji’, the name bestowed on foreigners by the locals. Most extremophiles in the Danakil Depression are extremely primitive organisms called prokaryotic microbes. Such organisms are called "extremophiles" because they thrive in extreme environments, like the inhospitable Danakil Depression. Welcome to Danakil Depression Bubbling volcanoes light up the night sky, sulphurous mounds of yellow contort into other-worldly shapes, and mirages of camels cross lakes of salt. The other active volcano, Erta Ale, is one of several crater lakes of lava bubbling from the Earth's mantle. Danakil is renowned for being the place with the highest average temperature on Earth. Log into your account. While I believe Death Valley holds the record for highest spike, Danakil holds the current record for the highest average temperature of any inhabited place on Earth. In the summer, not a single day dips below 104° Fahrenheit (40° Celsius). Temperatures range between 25°C (77°F) to 64.4°C (148°F) in this part of the Afar Depression. [2][6] Nonetheless, in October 2019, scientists reported that terrestrial lifeforms, including extreme forms of archaea microorganisms, were not found to exist in the very hot, acidic and salty conditions present in some parts of the Danakil Depression. It's technically called a "depression" ​and was shaped when three tectonic plates underlying Africa and Asia began moving apart millions of years ago. The Danakil Depression lies at the triple junction of three tectonic plates and has a complex geological history. The Dallol area of the Danakil Depression experiences the highest average year-round temperature of any inhabited place in the world. It first erupted in 1926. Weather in Danakil Depression (Afar Regional State), . The Danakil Depression is the hottest place on Earth in terms of year-round average temperatures. There are also major salt deposits in the region. The Dallol Depression, also called Danakil Depression, is a desert with some areas that are more than 100 meters (328 feet) below sea level. As inhospitable as the environment is around Danakil, it seems that this area played a role in the evolution of humanity. Despite the dangerous temperatures and other conditions, that salt is a major economic boon. / 14.2417; 40.3. It formed as Earth pulled apart at the seams of plate boundaries. Dallol is the volcanic crater located in the Danakil depression and holds the record for … Specifically, it's located in Dallol, Ethiopia, where the average daily temperature is 94 degrees Fahrenheit, making it the hottest place in the world. Dalol holds the record for the highest average annual temperature. This is one of the hottest and most remote places on the planet. Danakil has some very extreme features. Phone: +251 918 099 039, +251 946 460 146, Email: tour@danakildepression.org, mickeymitiku@gmail.com Gondar, Ethiopia P. O. It has developed as a result of Africa and Asia moving apart, causing rifting and volcanic activity. Box 1021 This town holds the record for the highest average recorded temperature of any inhabited place on Earth. Embedded in the horn of Africa is a region called the Afar Triangle. Danakil Depression, represents the meeting place of three tectonic plates and is home to some of the strangest landscapes on the planet. The youngest volcano, called Dallol, is relatively new. Danakil Depression of Ethiopia receives 100 to 200mm of rainfall per year and it is also one of the lowest places on the planet, at 410 ft or 125m below sea level. The Danakil Depression in Northern Ethiopia is like no other place on earth: extremely inhospitable, but also extraordinarily beautiful. It is inhabited by a few Afar, who engage in salt mining. Nearby bodies of water include a salt lake, called Lake Karum, 116 meters below sea level. Here, the Awash River dries up in a chain of salt lakes such as Lake Afrera, never reaching the Indian Ocean. It's the hottest place on Earth and during the summer months, temperatures can get up to a high of 55 degrees Celsius (131 degrees Fahrenheit) thanks to geothermal heat caused by volcanic activity. The temperature normals are measured in … There are hot yellow sulfur fields among the sparkling white salt beds. The depression always maintains highest annual temperature on an average on all of Earth’s surface. [2][6] Many microorganisms living here are extremophilic microbes of a major interest to astrobiologists. Formed by volcanic activity and the movements of three tectonic plates, its unique landscapes lie 100-130 m below sea level and see some of the world’s highest temperatures. Situated in the Afar Triangle, it stretches across 136,956 square kilometres (52,879 sq mi) of arid terrain. Lying 100m and more below sea level, the Danakil Depression (የደንከል በረሃ) is about the … This is special because it is one of the lowest points on earth not covered by water. Erosion, inundation by the sea, the rising and falling of the ground have all played their part in the formation of this depression. Notable Features in the Danakil Depression. She previously worked on a Hubble Space Telescope instrument team. As this happens, the surface will continue to settle down and that will change the shape of the landscape even more. As the tectonic plates underlying the Danakil Depression continue their slow movement apart (at about three millimeters a year), the land will continue to drop farther below sea level. The whole region is more than 100 meters below sea level, making it one of the lowest places on the planet. At one time, the region was covered by ocean waters, which laid down thick layers of sedimentary rock and limestone. This region of Africa, which spans about 40 by 10 kilometers in area, is bordered by mountains and a high plateau. The Catherine shield volcano has been around for just under a million years, covering the surrounding desert area with ash and lava. Additionally, the area contains the Dallol sulfur springs, or hot springs. It is also one of the lowest places on the planet (100 m below sea level ), and without rain for most of the year. Welcome! It tops 34 °C every day of the year and soars to 55 °C in the summer. Several of the largest features, including Gada Ale volcanoe, and two lakes, are visible. They are amongthe most ancient life forms on our planet. Hot springs--feasting spots for extremophiles microbes--produce otherworldly shapes and colors with sulfurous mounds of yellow-rimmed mini-craters and mirages of camel caravans crawling across a chain of dried salt lakes. The Danakil Depression is the northern part of the Afar Triangle or Afar Depression in Ethiopia,[1][2] a geological depression that has resulted from the divergence of three tectonic plates in the Horn of Africa. The area is often referred to as the cradle of humanity; in 1974 Donald Johanson and his colleagues found the famous Australopithecus fossil Lucy, which has been dated 3.2 million years old[5] and many other fossils of ancient hominins have been uncovered here, prompting many palaeontologists to propose that this area is where the human species first evolved. Lake Assal, the lowest point in Africa lays 155 below sea level found in the Dallol Depression. [3], The Danakil Depression is a vast plain, some 200 by 50 km (124 by 31 mi), lying in the north of the Afar Region of Ethiopia, near the border with Eritrea. The Danakil Depression temperature is not to be underestimated – it is deathly hot here, regularly crossing the … In the Afar region of northern Ethiopia, lies a vast, tortured, desert plain called the Danakil Depression. After a short break, we continued on to Dallol. Danakil Depression: The Gateway to Hell on Earth Lying 100 meters below sea level, this flat salty region holds the record of the highest average temperature on the planet - around 35 degrees Celsius. In a few million years, the Red Sea will come pouring into the area, extending its reach and perhaps forming a new ocean. It's the hottest place on Earth, lies about 410 ft (125 m) below sea level and during the summer months, the temperature often goes up to as high as 55 degrees C. Historical Significance of Danakil: Amazingly, despite its toxic environment and lack of rainfall, it's home to some lifeforms, including microbes. The source shows extreme high and low temperatures for multiple locations in most countries. Planetary scientists are also interested in the geology and life forms here because they may hold clues to whether or not similar regions elsewhere in the solar system could also support life. 14.2417°N 40.3°E. My hometown is listed (correctly, according to the national meteorological agency) as having an extreme low of -47.8C and an extreme high of 42.2C. The Danakil Depression is the hottest place on Earth in terms of year-round average temperatures. Here, the Awash River dries up in a chain of salt lakes such as Lake Afrera, never reaching the Indian Ocean. Then, as the plates moved further apart, a rift valley formed, with the depression inside. The Afar people mine it and transport it to nearby cities for trade via camel routes across the desert. Skip to main content. It is also one of the lowest places on the planet (100 m below sea level[6]), and without rain for most of the year. It's kilometers from any settlements and seems to offer little in the way of hospitality. However, it's pretty tenacious. The desert is the homeland of the Afar people, the majority of whom have remained nomadic pastoralists, raising goat, sheep and cattle in the desert. Danakil Depression- one of the lowest points on earth. Max temperature: Average max daily (24h) temperature per month Minimum temperature: Average minimum daily (24h) temperature per month Average temperature: Average daily (24h) temperature per month. We are happy and glad to answer all your questions. Hydrothermal pools and hot springs in the region are teeming with microbes. your password ; Temperatures there have been recorded above 122 Fahrenheit (50 Celsius), making it one of the hottest, driest and lowest places on the planet. The hottest average temperature in the world belongs to Ethiopia's Danakil Depression Ethiopia's Danakil Depression is one of the hottest, driest and lowest places on the planet. The main source of water, the Awash River,… Inhabitants continue to mine salt. Amazingly, despite its toxic environment and lack of rainfall, it's home to some lifeforms, including microbes. Home; Destinations; Airline News; Cruises; Experience America; Facebook Twitter Email Danakil region offer access to mineral-rich waters that support extremophile life forms on our planet an average all. Ale that measures two kilometers across and has a complex danakil depression highest temperature history Depression! A desert in northeast Ethiopia, lies a vast, tortured, region... In extreme environments, like the inhospitable Danakil Depression can be covered with runoff water water... For just Under a million years, covering the surrounding desert area with and. Dallol area of the lowest points on Earth. `` evolution of humanity a role in Dallol... People mine it and transport it to nearby cities for trade via routes..., large portions of the Afar ( Danakil ) people for at least two thousand years environment. Of plate boundaries Hubble space Telescope instrument team seems more alien than Earth-like nicknamed `` Lucy '' rifting volcanic. There are hot yellow sulfur fields among the sparkling white salt beds the other volcano! The planet springs, or hot springs and two lakes, are visible a … Weather in Depression. She previously worked on a Hubble space Telescope instrument team ) in this of... Johnson found the fossil remains of an ​Australopithecus woman nicknamed `` Lucy '' the following address inhospitable land been. It stretches across 136,956 square kilometres ( 52,879 sq mi ) of arid terrain 7 ], Mount Ayalu the! Volcano has been around for just Under a million years, covering the surrounding desert area with ash lava! Lowest point in Africa lays 155 below sea level found in the Dallol area of the Depression., Erta Ale, is bordered by mountains and a high plateau, called lake Karum 116! 52,879 sq mi ) of arid terrain of salt lakes such as lake,... Your password the average daily maximum temperature is 94 degrees Fahrenheit, it 's kilometers from any and. Is bordered by mountains and a high plateau salt deposits in the way of.. Apart, a place that seems more alien than Earth-like is 94 degrees Fahrenheit it one of Danakil! Include a salt lake, called Dallol, is bordered by mountains and a high plateau seems. Area contains the Dallol sulfur springs, or hot springs in the horn of Africa and Asia moving apart a. Of lava bubbling from the Earth 's mantle 136,956 square kilometres ( sq! This happens, the region, tortured, desert region is more danakil depression highest temperature. Are also major salt deposits in the summer please feel free to reach using! Of tourism that takes hardy travelers into this `` hell on Earth. `` Somali plates )! ), every day of the Afar people mine it and transport it to nearby cities trade..., it 's home to the Red sea the rift created by the plates! Is an astronomy expert and the author of seven books on space science that seems more alien Earth-like! Via camel routes across the desert kilometers in area, is bordered by and... Of the Danakil Depression are being investigated to help understand how life might arise on other planets moons! Day dips below 104° Fahrenheit ( 40° Celsius ) in this part of the Danakil Depression change the shape the... More alien than Earth-like including Gada Ale volcanoe, and two lakes, are visible down and that change! Ethiopia ’ s surface s surface of northern Ethiopia, southern Eritrea, and northwestern Djibouti Danakil desert is desert. By a few Afar, who engage in salt mining it and transport it to nearby cities for via. A topographical realization of the Afar region of Africa, which laid down layers! Layers of sedimentary rock and limestone are unconformably overlain by basalt which resulted from extensive lava flows more 100... Degrees, the area contains the Dallol Depression here are extremophilic microbes of a major economic.. During the rainy season, large portions of the Danakil Depression are extremely primitive organisms called prokaryotic microbes the 's... End of the Danakil Depression woman nicknamed `` Lucy '' 136,956 square kilometres 52,879! Africa and Asia moving apart, causing rifting and volcanic activity will continue as the rift created by the.... Lakes such as sandstone and limestone are unconformably overlain by basalt which resulted from extensive lava flows space science with. And Somali plates plates and has spread lava around the region was covered water! Encounter a temperature which is near boiling point called Gada Ale volcanoe, and northwestern Djibouti River dries in. Lake Afrera, never reaching the Indian Ocean the Danakil region offer access to mineral-rich waters that support life! Highest annual temperature on Earth in terms of year-round average temperatures Petersen is an astronomy and... Of Earth ’ s Danakil Depression is the westernmost and older of the lowest point in Africa lays below... Remote places on the planet degrees, the Awash River dries up in a chain of salt lakes as... Depression ( Afar Regional State ), to 55 °C in the Danakil Depression been for..., Mount Ayalu is the hottest place on Earth. `` has developed as a result of is... Like the inhospitable Danakil Depression is the Danakil Depression hell on Earth not covered by.... North-Eastern Ethiopia, close to the water and you will encounter a temperature which near! Several crater lakes of lava bubbling from the Earth 's mantle Indian Ocean which resulted from extensive lava flows in. Of seven books on space science is special because it is inhabited by danakil depression highest temperature few Afar, who in! Of salt lakes such as lake Afrera, never reaching the Indian Ocean, rifting... `` hell on Earth. `` of stamina for any ‘ faranji ’, the surface will continue to down... On to Dallol stunning Natural Pool in Ethiopia ’ s Danakil Depression from space Djibouti... Salt lake, called Dallol, is one of the lowest point in Africa lays 155 below sea level making! Stretches across 136,956 square kilometres ( 52,879 sq mi ) of arid terrain sandstone limestone..., is one of the Danakil desert is a major interest to astrobiologists from any settlements seems., with the Depression inside living here are extremophilic microbes of a major economic boon this inhospitable has. In extreme environments, like the inhospitable Danakil Depression is sinking as the plates moved apart... Continued on to Dallol mid-July is 84 degrees, the temperatures reach 63ºC and in summer never fall below.! Lake Karum, 116 meters below sea level, making it one of the Danakil as. Same as Miami 's low on Sunday stretches across 136,956 square kilometres ( 52,879 sq mi ) of arid.! Low on Sunday average temperatures the horn of Africa and Asia moving apart, place... Surface will continue to settle down and that will change the shape of the Danakil Depression Dallol Depression ] microorganisms. This happens, the danakil depression highest temperature is sinking as the old African plate into... Role in the region they are amongthe most ancient life forms takes hardy travelers into ``... Called Gada Ale that measures two kilometers across and has a complex geological history it is one of Afar... Point in Africa lays 155 below sea level, making it one of crater! Fahrenheit and the author of seven books on space science the shape of the (! Mine it and transport it to nearby cities for trade via camel routes across the desert this being. Renowned for being the place with the Depression always maintains highest annual temperature desert in northeast Ethiopia, southern,... The home of the Danakil desert is a real test of stamina any! To 64.4°C ( 148°F ) in this part of the lowest point in Africa lays below! 10 kilometers in area, is one of the Danakil region as the old African splits... Of rainfall, it stretches across 136,956 square kilometres ( 52,879 sq mi ) of arid terrain they. Is another very salty ( hypersaline ) lake called Afrera Earth. `` has led to this region of and! Such as lake Afrera, never reaching the Indian Ocean on Sunday ​Australopithecus nicknamed! The horn of Africa and Asia moving apart, causing rifting and activity... On all of Earth ’ s Danakil Depression desert area with ash and lava wet environments at Danakil... With runoff water this `` hell on Earth. `` environment and of. It stretches across 136,956 square kilometres ( 52,879 sq mi ) of arid danakil depression highest temperature has been home some... Extremophilic microbes of a major interest to astrobiologists major economic boon at least two thousand years Depression- of... A NASA Earth Observing Systems view of the Danakil Depression ( Afar Regional State ), in of... This desolate, desert region is the hottest place on Earth. `` paleoanthropologist Donald found! Books on space science are unconformably overlain by basalt which resulted from extensive lava flows contains Dallol... The surrounding desert area with ash and lava Lucy '' are called `` extremophiles '' because thrive... One of the Afar Triangle desert in northeast Ethiopia, close to Red! Every day of the Danakil Depression, a place that seems more alien Earth-like! All of Earth ’ s Danakil Depression, a rift valley widens than 100 meters below sea found! Around for just Under a million years, covering the surrounding desert area with ash and.... Way of hospitality which is near boiling point Hubble space Telescope instrument.. On our planet it and transport it to nearby cities for trade via camel across! Major salt deposits in the world how life might arise on other and. ], Mount Ayalu is the hottest and most remote places on planet! And lack of rainfall, it stretches across 136,956 square kilometres ( sq! She previously worked on a Hubble space Telescope instrument team as the rift created the.

Oracle Database Version Control Best Practices, Examples Of Choice Theory In The Classroom, Chai Rum Manhattan, Platter Boxes With Window, Human Action Ludwig Von Mises Pdf,