Wet‐sclerophyll forests are unique ecosystems that can transition to dry‐sclerophyll forests or to rainforests. Rainfall in dry sclerophyll forest is insufficient for both wet sclerophyll and rainforest species, therefore without fire wet sclerophyll forest will be squeezed out by rainforest and diversity lost. What are Dry sclerophyll forests ? They provide habitat for a much wider range of native animals and birds than other types of forests. The most widespread and abundant forest type in Australia is probably dry sclerophyll forest – the tallest trees are eucalypts and their relatives (Corymbia, Angophora, Lophostemon), and below them are sparse shrubs, heath and/or grasses and herbs. Figures are rounded for simplicity. This summary relates to the Wombat State Forest study. If there is an insufficient amount of water in the Dry Sclerophyll forest then there will not be enough water to go around and the animals and plants will die. In January 1984, a multi-disciplinary research program was initiated by the Department to study the ecological effects of repeated low-intensity prescribed burning, for fuel reduction purposes, in dry sclerophyll foothill forests. Wet sclerophyll has been shown to be a moving ecotone between vine forest and moist/dry sclerophyll. In general they occur on poorer substrates and relatively drier situations than the wet sclerophyll forests. Common in Southern Australia especially in Victoria, New South Wales and Eastern Tasmania generally areas of poorer soil and low rainfall. More characteristic of the Brisbane area are dry sclerophyll forests that are sustained in drier soils. The main trees, forming the upper strata of vegetation, are eucalypts which are widely spaced and so allow light-loving grasses and small shrubs to grow at ground level. These forests are scenic landscapes with diverse flora and fauna, the plants which live in these forests are characterised by their short and spiky … the Grampians and dry sclerophyll forest in the Wombat State Forest. The communities of animals are mammals, bats, reptiles, birds. In drier situations these forests may have an open, grassy understorey (grassy subformation) with a sparse, sclerophyllous shrub layer. Understanding of the dynamics of these forests for conservation is limited. 1 Estimated extent is from version 11 pre-clearing and 2017 remnant regional ecosystem mapping. What is a Dry Sclerophyll forest? Dry Sclerophyll Forest (DrySF) is found on a range of clay-loam, sandy-loam and shallow rocky soils of exposed hillsides, mostly between 200 and 1000 m above sea level, with rainfall between 550 and 1000 mm a year. The environment of the Dry Sclerophyll Forest is hot and dry. Abiotic Factors Abiotic Factors in Dry Sclerophyll Forests The Abiotic Wet sclerophyll forest is critical for ectonal species both on the rainforest and the more open dry sclerophyll forest boundaries. We evaluated the long‐term succession of wet‐sclerophyll forest on World Heritage listed K'gari (Fraser Island)—the world's largest sand island. There are generally two layers of plant growth in these forests. About half of the area once supporting DrySF in Victoria falls on public land while a little over one fifth is represented in conservation parks and reserves. Dry sclerophyll forests in Australia are regarded as forest areas that receive less than 1,000mm of rain each year. Dry sclerophyll forests are open forests that include a wide range of structural and floristic types. 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