Ghana is very peaceful and welcoming country. The northern savanna covers some two-thirds of the country but is economically the least developed of the three regions. Permanent or continuous cropping is encouraged throughout the country but is most common in the extreme northeast, where settlements consist of isolated compound houses, each surrounded by its own farm. Each of these cultures, though, holds village ancestors and the dead in high esteem. Location: The Ashantis inhabit the central and Southern Ghana. Religious tolerance is very high in Ghana. The major religions in Ghana include; Christianity is the largest and the most popular religion in Ghana with approximately 72% of the population identifying with it. This article is a response to Birgit Meyer’s chapter ‘Mediating Traditional Culture’ from her book Sensational Movies: Video, Vision, and Christianity in Ghana. The Ewe people occupy southeastern Ghana and parts of neighboring Togo and Benin. About two-thirds of Ghanaians are under age 30, which ensures that the country’s high growth rate will continue for some time. Infoplease has everything you need to know about Ghana. Religion: Nyame is their god their one supreme being. When Islam was introduced to the empire it effected the empire in many ways. Around the year 1076 Muslims tried to make Islam the only practiced belief, but failed in doing so. When an African gets sick, a lack of trained doctors or medicine leads many to traditional practices, especially spiritual cures, some using religion, and appeals to ancestors. Although relatively small in area and population, Ghana is one of the leading countries of Africa and is celebrated for its rich history. The Christian activities increased rapidly during the colonial period which also the establishment of social amenities including mission schools and other church-related institutions. Islam entered into the Northern territory of Ghana in the 15th century as a result of trading activities between the native Muslims and the Sahelian tribe of West Africa. Christianity, Islam, and traditional African religions claim a roughly equal number of adherents. Among the advantages of the northern savanna region—especially in the most northerly part, which is relatively free from the tsetse fly so deadly to cattle—is an extensive savanna vegetation that is well suited to livestock breeding. The Pentecostals believe in salvation and the working of the Holy Spirit. West of the Volta these states consist mostly of Akan peoples; to the east the Ewe predominate. Distance from the sea and consequent insulation from active European contact over a long period retarded the development of this region. Funerals are an essential part of paying respect to the departed in Ghana, and each funeral can take weeks or months to plan and complete. Ghana - Ghana - Religion: More than one-half of the population is Christian, about one-fifth is Muslim, and a small segment adheres to the traditional indigenous religions. A cacao farmer using a machete to open a pod of raw cacao (. A variety of indigenous languages like Asante, Ewe, Fante, Boron, etc., are spoken in Ghana. Sky God Father God, who made the world with his hands. English is, however, the official languageand the lingua franca of the nation. Religion influences almost everything in the daily lives of the Ghanaian from family life, economic activities, education, to any facet of life. Pentecostal Protestant forms the Christian majority and the dominating religion in Ghana with a following of 28.3% of the population. They are polite, open and trusting — even with strangers. Heinz, in fact. The culture and religious practices of Muslims in Ghana are similar to those of other Muslims around the world. Yes, baked beans. This can also be called the yam festival.,(Akan-religion,2014) Some Akan are also separated into many religious practices. St. Peterˋs Cathedral Basilica, Kumasi, Ghana. Its culture and traditions are rich and vibrant. Traditional African Belief continues to have a significant influence in Ghana because of the intimate relation to local mores and family loyalties. Indeed, Ghana emerged as the world’s most religious country in a poll conducted by the Christian Science Monitor in 2012, with 96% of respondents stating that they are religi… Ashanti Tribe, People, Culture, Religion, and Other Facts The Ashanti tribe, located in central Ghana is the largest tribe of the region. Ghanaians are very fond of festivities and celebrations and they have different rites and rituals for every occasion they celebrate. Ghana was the first African country on the continent to achieve independence from the British colonial rule .And it used to be called “Gold Coast” until 1957. Gh… The Sunni Muslims in Ghana follow the Maliki School and Sufism which embraces brotherhood for purification. The people of Ghana are warm and friendly. There are also lesser gods who live in streams, rivers, mountains, and forests and as such these places are regarded as sacred. That's when the king, the office of kingship,the kingdom and the town are purified of pollution for the year. C… Larabanga Mosque, in Ghana, was built in the Sudanese architectural style and is the country's oldest mosque. According to the World Factbook, Ghana’s population is 68.8 percent Christian and 15.9 percent Muslim, with 8.5 percent practicing traditional religions. The Ahmaddiya Muslim community is the oldest in Ghana who have managed to convert several Christians to Islam. Never worshiped directly but through deities, cults and totems. The region has a harsh environment because of its low precipitation. The Muslim population in Ghana is concentrated in the Northern Ghana and among the communities of Zongo who are scattered across the country. From east to west the principal ethnic groups are the Ewe, Adangme (Adangbe), Ga, Efutu, Fante, Ahanta, and Nzima. Religions: Christian 68.8% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 24.1%, Protestant 18.6%, Catholic 15.1%, other 11%), Muslim 15.9%, traditional 8.5%, other 0.7%, none 6.1% (2000 census) Government: constitutional democracy . Most Akan people speak the Twi Fante. The Accra-Tema agglomeration, with a population of more than one million, is the largest in the country, followed by Kumasi and Tamale. Catholic Christian form 13.1% of the population while other Christian denominations including Latter Days Saints, Seventh Day Adventists, Baptists, and Lutherans have a following of 11.4% of the population. The Akan is the biggest ethnic community representing 47.5% of Ghana's population. Life expectancy, although low by world standards, has improved considerably since 1960 and is among the highest in western Africa. The Ewe follow a patrilineal structure, meaning that the founder of a community becomes chief and is usually succeeded by his paternal relatives. Population fluctuations resulting from emigration became pronounced during the severe economic depression of the late 1970s and early 1980s. Ghana’s capital is the coastal city of Accra. Roughly 60 percent are Christians, 15 percent are Muslims (believers in the Islamic religion), and the remainder of the population practices a form of indigenous religion that existed hundreds of years before the introduction […] The government does not recognize any religion as Ghana’s official national religion. More than one-half of the population is Christian, about one-fifth is Muslim, and a small segment adheres to the traditional indigenous religions. This is because investigations conducted into Ga religious belief system and cultural practices from oral sources have revealed some similarities between the two cultures and religious traditions. Afrikania Mission is a Neo-Traditional Movement established in Ghana in 1982 by a former Catholic Priest, Kwabena Damuah, who resigned from the church and assumed the traditional priesthood titles, Osofo Okomfo. This region was formerly occupied by a series of small kingdoms, the inhabitants of which were the first people from what would become Ghana to be exposed to European contact—from the 15th century onward, perhaps even earlier. It is one of the west African tribes or group of people t… All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US, Rastafari, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Other Beliefs. They believe in Quran and the five pillars of Islam and also observe the Islamic holidays. The Ghanaian culture is a mixture of six ethnic groups. Christian 71.2% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 28.3%, Protestant 18.4%, Catholic 13.1%, other 11.4%), Muslim 17.6%, traditional 5.2%, other 0.8%, none 5.2% (2010 est.) In the first half of the 20th century, Christianity steadily gained ground at the expense of the indigenous religions, but the trend slowed following independence. Religious Beliefs. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Considerable prominence is given to dead ancestors, who are considered to be ever-present, capable of influencing the course of events for the living and capable of serving as intermediaries between the living and the gods. In the late 1980s only about one-third of Ghana’s population was estimated to be urban, but a steady increase in migration from rural areas into urban centres—some of which expanded at about double the national population growth rate—resulted in almost one-half of Ghana’s population residing in urban centres at the beginning of the 21st century. Farther inland, occupying about one-third of the country, is the forest region with its relatively large and prosperous traditional states and rich agricultural lands. Historically, Ghanaians love to prepare dishes … Traditionally, ancestors and the spirit of the dead are also recognized in the cosmological order and the spirit world considered real. Its relatively light soils and the precipitation regime favour the cultivation of yams and cereals. The expulsion of more than one million Ghanaian nationals, mostly young people without employable skills, from Nigeria in 1983 delivered a further shock to the economy when they returned to Ghana but failed to cause major sociopolitical upheavals, owing largely to the impressive absorptive capacity of Ghana’s indigenous social systems. Population density is relatively high, especially in the cacao-growing areas. Religion: Religion is built into the culture of the people of Ghana and is responsible for many of the beliefs and traditions. The number of Christians has risen steadily from 43% in the 1960s to the current 72%. Christian influence is most dominant in the southern part of the country, while Islam is strongest in the extreme north and in the larger urban centres, which contain some immigrant populations from Muslim regions of western Africa. However, the Presbyterians and the Methodist missionaries are ones who laid the foundation for Christian churches in Ghana in the 19th century. The U.S. government estimates the total population at 26.3 million (July 2015 estimate). The major Christian celebrations of Christmas and Easter are recognised as national holidays in Ghana. Islam is the secondary religion in the country with a following of about 17.6% of the population. The southern area, which immediately adjoins the forest zone, forms part of the disease-ridden “middle belt” of western Africa that combines the worst features of both the forest and the savanna environments; it is especially unattractive for settlement. Except for Kumasi, there are few really large urban centres, although other administrative centres—Ho, Koforidua, and Sunyani—form significant population concentrations. At the north of Ghana there are mostly Muslims while at south of Ghana there are mostly Christians. Our latest episode for parents features the topic of empathy. By far the smallest of the regions, the coastal zone is traditionally a region of fishermen and small-scale farmers. Other divisions of the Christian church are the Protestant and Roman Catholic denominations. Nkrumah’s administration, the 1966 coup, and the return to civilian rule. Religion : La religion est intégrée dans la culture des habitants au Ghana et est à la base de nombreuses croyances et traditions. Others speak the Bia language. 18.4% of Ghanaians are non-Pentecostal protestant Anglicans, Presbyterians, and Methodists. Sun … Continue reading "Ashanti: Culture" Since 1970 Ghana’s population has maintained an average annual growth rate above the world average. Ghana Traditions: Culture, Customs, & Society. When cacao or other tree crops are grown, however, cultivation is usually permanent. Près de deux tiers des Ghanéens sont de confession catholique, les autres sont musulmans et traditionalistes. However, there are no major links between ethnicity and religion in the country. It’s not unusual for the selection of “chief mourner” to last several weeks—let alone arranging a celebration which the family deems acceptable. There is no official state religion, and freedom of worship is a constitutional right, but religion has a strong influence on day to day life. Christianity was brought into Ghana by the Europeans who arrived on the Gold Coast in the 15th Century during the exploration of West Africa. The modern-day nation of Ghana includes several diverse tribes. The majority of Muslims in Ghana are Sunni with only 8% of the Muslims belonging to the Shia branch. God or Allah is constantly referred to in conversation, proverbs, greetings and explanation of natural events. Learn more about the country of Ghana here. Beginning in the late 20th century, the number of adherents of Islam began to increase. Ghana, country of western Africa, situated on the coast of the Gulf of Guinea. In Ghanaian society, it is traditional to take life at a relaxed pace and view time as a series of events rather than a matter of … There are thousands of religions and denominations in this world. In the past it was subject to extensive slave raiding from both north and south. Other religious groups such as Buddhists, Hinduism, and the irreligion or atheist have the freedom to exercise their beliefs. The forest environment and the economic activities and modes of life engendered by it, especially since the introduction of the farming of cacao (source of cocoa beans) in 1879, have served to give the region a common stamp. People express their belief in Supreme Being locally referred to as Nyogmo, Mawu, and Nyame. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags. Among these groups, the Akan occupies the leading position (Miss West Africa Ghana). The Bia language is spoken by groups that include Agon, Kwahu, Wassa, and the Fante. Islam is the second most popular religion in Ghana after Christianity with a following of 17.6% of the population. Various attributes of Supreme Being are personified in objects. Christianity is the largest religion in Ghana with approximately 72% of the population being members of various Christian denominations as per the 2010 census. Elsewhere, agriculture is based on a rotational system in which land is cropped for two or three years and then left fallow for four to seven years to allow it to regenerate. Being religious people, Ghanaians observe every religious function that their religion has. Muslims in Ghana are also allowed to celebrate their holidays and festivals including Ramadan. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Ghana's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. The seaboard has made the region an important hub of commerce, resulting in the growth of such urban centres as Accra, Cape Coast, and Sekondi-Takoradi. Video upload by: Barima Osei Asare (email@example.com) Although agriculture is mostly of the traditional subsistence type, the introduction of irrigation in the 1960s and mechanized cultivation in the 1980s opened up new prospects. Other ethnic groups of Ghana with a significant population are Mole-Dagbon, Ewe, Ga-Dangme, Gurma, Guan, Grusi, and Mande. The average population of Akan people is estimated to be about 20 million. Ghana has the highest percentage of Christians in West Africa, but the belief in traditional animist religions is still extremely common Most of the urban centres, despite their rapid expansion in size and population, remain small by world standards. The Ewe are more traditionally inclined in terms of religion and belief. The coastal zone has more urban centres than any other region in Ghana. The Mission aims to reform and update African traditional religion, and to promote nationalism and Pan-Africanism. Ghana has three major geographic regions—coastal, forest, and northern savanna—the boundaries of which are not always clearly defined. Ghana - Religion. Food. At some point in Ghana’s history, it was decided that the traditional salad in Ghana would consist of lettuce, tomato, onion, boiled eggs, tuna and… baked beans. While all the peoples in the region have a relatively long history of settlement and political activity, those with the most impressive record are the Asante, who from the 17th to the late 19th century built a political empire centred on Kumasi that included a large number of subject and satellite states spread throughout the forest region and in both the coastal and northern savanna zones. An average Akan person speaks English. Moon Goddess Given birth to all men. Christianity is the main religion in Ghana with 72% of the population being members of the various Christian denominations in the country. There, the largest ethnic groups are the Dagomba and the Guang (Gonja), related to the Mossi people of Burkina Faso. The Culture in ancient Ghana is easily related to the beliefs they had, and how it effected the empire. Traditional African Religion and Culture. Major Christian holidays like Christmas and Easter are recognized as a national holiday. Almost all the timber, cacao, and exploited mineral wealth, as well as a number of minor cash crops grown for export and a large part of the foodstuffs consumed in Ghana, come from the forest region. Along the Gulf of Guinea lies the beautiful West African country of Ghana. Religious tolerance is very high in Ghana. This thesis is an attempt to examine the impact of the traditional religious beliefs and cultural practices (with their underlying values) on the religious pluralistic context of this Mfantse traditional area in Ghana, particularly, on Christian-Muslim relations. Additionally, nearly 18% per cent of Ghanaian citizens practice some form of Islam. Religion continues to play a critical role in the development of Ghana. Christianity is the main religion in Ghana with 72% of the population being members of the various Christian denominations in the country. Apart from the Ewe, the major ethnic groups are the Akwapim and Kwahu in the east, the Akim in the south, the Asante and Brong in the centre and north, and the Wasaw and Sefwi in the west. By John Misachi on April 25 2017 in Society. Definition: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. However the most dominant ones in Ghana and Africa are Islam and Christianity, both accounting for more than 90% of religious adherents, with the rest, including traditional beliefs, having less than 10% of adherents. Indigenous religions, while widespread and deep-rooted, lack a systematic body of doctrines. Language in Ghana. This essay examines the relationship between traditional religio-cultural beliefs and practices and environmental crisis in Ghana using the Akan Traditional Society as a case study.
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